Anthropology 1102-012 Quiz 12

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Anthropology 1102-012 Quiz 12

  
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  • 1. 
    Among foragers
    • A. 

      Men hunt, and therefore accrue vastly more prestige than women

    • B. 

      Warfare makes men dominant over women

    • C. 

      The status of women falls when they provide most of the food

    • D. 

      Men and women are completely equal; there is no gender inequality

    • E. 

      The lack of a clear public-domestic dichotomy seems to be related to relatively mild gender inequality


  • 2. 
    Among patrillineal-patrilocal cultivators
    • A. 

      Women are the primary producers of subsistence crops

    • B. 

      Women govern the extradomestic distribution of prestige items

    • C. 

      Women fear contacts, including sexual intercourse, with men

    • D. 

      Polygyny decreases household productivity because a man must provide for more than one wife

    • E. 

      Population pressure on strategic resources is relaxed


  • 3. 
    What term refers to the tasks and activities that a culture assigns to the sexes?
    • A. 

      Sex roles

    • B. 

      Sex stereotypes

    • C. 

      Gender stereotypes

    • D. 

      Gender roles

    • E. 

      Gender duties


  • 4. 
    In comparing gender roles in different societies, which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      Equality between the genders is common among horticulturalists

    • B. 

      There are some societies in which women control all the strategic resources and carry out the most prestigious activities

    • C. 

      Patriachies are strongest in societies in which men control significant goods that are exchanged with people outside the family

    • D. 

      The more women contribute to the domestic sphere, the more publicly recognized power they achieve

    • E. 

      The less women contribute to the public sphere, the more publicly recognized power they achieve


  • 5. 
    Which of the following statements about patrilineal, patrilocal horticulturalists is true?
    • A. 

      Men control the distribution of goods outside the domestic sphere

    • B. 

      Men work harder at food production and manufacturing than women do

    • C. 

      Men are in short supply owing to the practice of male infanticide

    • D. 

      Men are approximately equal in status to women

    • E. 

      Men trade subsistence goods but not prestige items


  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements about gender differences among tropical and semitropical foragers is true?
    • A. 

      The prestige of women is much lower than it is among northern foragers like the inuit (eskimo)

    • B. 

      Women's work usually contributes more to the diet than does men's work; consequently, there is less gender stratification

    • C. 

      The distinction between public and domestic spheres of activity is much sharper than it is most horticultural societies

    • D. 

      There is no sex-based division of labor

    • E. 

      Women never take part in hunting


  • 7. 
    To what does the domestic-public dichotomy refer?
    • A. 

      The separation of spheres of exchange

    • B. 

      The separation of secular and scared

    • C. 

      The separation of elite and commoners

    • D. 

      The separation of home and outside world

    • E. 

      The separation of cooking and sleeping spaces in residential areas


  • 8. 
    Recent cross-cultural studies of gender roles demonstrate that
    • A. 

      Gender roles of mena nd women are largely determined by their biological capabilities-relative strength, endurance, intelligence, etc

    • B. 

      Women are subservient in nearly all societies because their subsistence activities contribute much less to the total diet than do those of men

    • C. 

      Foraging, horticultural, pastoral, and industrial societies all have similar attitudes toward sex but different attitudes toward gender

    • D. 

      Changes in gender roles of mena nd women are usually associated with social decay and anarchy

    • E. 

      The relative prestige of women is variable, depending on factors such as subsistence strategy, the importance of warfare, and the prevalence of a domestic-public dichotomy


  • 9. 
    Which of the following is NOT part of the patrilineal-patrilocal complex?
    • A. 

      Patrilineality

    • B. 

      Patrilocality

    • C. 

      Warfare

    • D. 

      Reduced gender stratification

    • E. 

      Male supremacy


  • 10. 
    All of the following are key ideas to take away form kottak's discussion of sexual orientation except:
    • A. 

      Different types of sexual desires and experiences hold different meanings for individuals and groups

    • B. 

      There is conclusive scientific evidence that sexual orientation is genetically determined

    • C. 

      In a society, individuals will differ in the nature, range, and intensity of sexual interests and urges

    • D. 

      Culture always plays a role in molding individual sexual urges toward a collective norm and these norms vary from culture to culture

    • E. 

      Asexuality, indifference toward, or lack of attraction to either sex, is also sexual orientation


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