Anthropology 1102-012 Quiz 11

10 Questions  I  By RedFireCo1
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Anthropology 1102-012 Quiz 11

  
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  • 1. 
    What is the term for marginal or in-between phase of a rite of passage?
    • A. 

      Voodoo

    • B. 

      Mana

    • C. 

      Taboo

    • D. 

      Liminality

    • E. 

      Animism


  • 2. 
    Which of the following statements about state religions is true?
    • A. 

      They function to maintain socioeconomic stratification

    • B. 

      They focus on the worship of natural phenomena

    • C. 

      They are superfluous features of state-level organizations

    • D. 

      They are characterized by rituals, such as the potlatch, which serve to level differences in wealth between people

    • E. 

      They are based mainly on animistic belief systems


  • 3. 
    Which of the following kinds of religion involves full-time religious specialists?
    • A. 

      Communal religion

    • B. 

      Shamanic religion

    • C. 

      Olympian religion

    • D. 

      Individualistic cults

    • E. 

      Idiosyncratic belief systems


  • 4. 
    What term refers to the manipulation of the supernatural to accomplish specific goals?
    • A. 

      Animism

    • B. 

      Magic

    • C. 

      Religion

    • D. 

      A rite of passage

    • E. 

      Pantheism


  • 5. 
    What are the induction into the U.S. Marine Corps and the vision quest of certain North American Indian societies examples of?
    • A. 

      Binary opposition

    • B. 

      Generalized exchange

    • C. 

      Applied anthropology

    • D. 

      Rites of passage

    • E. 

      Genetic programming


  • 6. 
    Religion and magic don't just explain things and help people accomplish goals. They also enter the realm of human feelings. In other words, they
    • A. 

      Serve emotional needs as well as cognitive (e.g., explanatory) ones

    • B. 

      Help reduce differences by promoting brotherly love

    • C. 

      Determine the emotional well-being of all of their practitioners

    • D. 

      Often lead to extreme psychological disruption and even mental illness

    • E. 

      Are psychologically and cognitively relevant, but these realms are well contained and have no effect beyond the mental well-being (or despair) of the practitioner


  • 7. 
    Which of the following statements concerning religion and states is true?
    • A. 

      State organization precludes folk religions

    • B. 

      All state religions are monotheistic

    • C. 

      State religions follow the introduction of writing system

    • D. 

      State religions often serve to make social stratification more acceptable

    • E. 

      Although industrial states do not always have state religion, they are invariant features of archaic states


  • 8. 
    What is communitas?
    • A. 

      A social inequality that is accepted even by those who are less privileged

    • B. 

      Collective liminality

    • C. 

      Anxiety

    • D. 

      The latin word for mana

    • E. 

      The supernatural


  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements about religion is NOT true?
    • A. 

      It is a cultural construction, therefore not a reality

    • B. 

      It creates and maintains divisions within society

    • C. 

      It is sometimes a source of conflict

    • D. 

      It is, in some cases, ecologically adaptive

    • E. 

      It creates and maintains social solidarity


  • 10. 
    What kind of religion is most frequently found in foraging bands?
    • A. 

      Communal

    • B. 

      Shamanic

    • C. 

      Cargo cult

    • D. 

      Monotheistic

    • E. 

      Polytheistic


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