Read the passage below and answer the following questions, choosing the BEST answer.

1 After observing in countless documentaries, television
2 shows, editorial commentaries, obituaries, lyrics, presidential
3 speeches, formal dinners, ceremonies, and tabloids the rabid use
4 of the word justice, I decided to clear some common
5 misconceptions on the nature and meaning of justice.

6 Justice is not retribution. At best, retribution is vigilantism.
7 The wild urges of our instinct and emotion, however, cannot
8 qualify as justice. We have seen, particularly in the form of
9 lynch mobs, that vigilantism is hardly justice and is in fact
10 many times injustice. Attempts to model justice on the idea of
11 retribution are outdated and outmoded. While the scales of
12 justice typically reflect the image of justice, the concept of
13 equal retribution is an anachronism that dates from the times
14 of Hammurabi and Moses. Few would argue that a woman who is
15 fatally attacked by an alligator is rendered justice when the
16 alligator is put to sleep. Even fewer would suggest that a
17 rapist receiving his own displeasure is justice. To return an
18 injustice in kind is usually impossible; in many cases, the
19 context of the injustice as evil as the deed itself. In fact,
20 one of the traditional arguments against capital punishment has
21 been that the pain inflicted upon the criminal can never equal
22 the suffering that the victim (and his/her family) endured by
23 the sudden and malicious nature of the crime. Thus, if even
24 capital punishment is not a reliably just punishment for a
25 heinous crime, the scales of justice could never be balanced,
26 and so retribution could not be the sole component of justice.

27 Justice is not fairness. Justice is always fair but what is fair
28 cannot always be just. Consider the destitute man who suffers
29 from mental illness and poverty. We say that social justice can
30 only occur through helping this poverty-stricken man, a fair
31 action indeed. At the same time, a passer-by who does not even
32 acknowledge the itinerants existence acts fairly; after all,
33 Perhaps that passer-by helps no man but himself. However, nobody
34 would call the passer-by a just man on the basis of his fair
35 actions. Fairness implies only equality of treatment, but
36 justice tends to encompass what that treatment will be. A line,
37 therefore, must be drawn between what is fair and what is
38 actually just.

SAT Reading: Comprehension Quiz I
15 Questions
SAT Reading Quiz: This 15-question quiz is modeled off of the reading comprehension section of the SAT Critical Reading exam and contains questions that can be answered by thoroughly reading the passage. Also see the "Free SAT Reading Comprehension Study Guide" offered by ProProfs Free SAT school. ProProfs Quiz School also has other quizzes on SAT Reading Comprehension.
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