The two cards are the same and have the same function. Some primary differences include the capacity of the SD card. The SD card has much more capacity than the TF card. Micro SD cards have a lot of other functions including Bluetooth, GPS and Near Field Communication, absent in the TF. TF has a maximum memory capacity of 128 GB while micros SDs can hold memory worth two TB.
You can switch on a special security segment on the SD card, however, this feature is absent on the TF. Another thing is that the TF can serve as an adapter for the SD, plugging it into laptops.