The correct answer to this question is C. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is theory that was proposed by Abraham Maslow in 1943. Maslow's hierarchy of needs are studied in psychology to determine the order in which humans need certain things.
The needs from bottom to top are physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem, and self-actualization. The needs at the bottom should be fulfilled first. Pain relief is in the first tier of physiological.
The patient should be administered pain medication in order to fulfill the first need on Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Placing wrist restraints would be the next tier, safety.
Administering pain medication.-rationale: in maslows hierarchy of needs, pain relief is on the first layer. love and belonging, as in allowing family members to visit are on the fourth layer. activity, as in ambulation, is on the second layer. safety, as in placing wrist restraints on the client, is on the third layer. client needs category: safe, effective care environment client needs subcategory: management of care cognitive level: application reference: taylor, c., et al. fundamentals of nursing: the art and science of nursing care, 6th ed. philadelphia: lippincott williams & wilkins, 2008, p. 29.