CV stands for curriculum vitae. This is another name for a resume. A curriculum vitae or resume is a piece of paper or document that is sent to an employer in regard to a job that is open. The employer would be interviewing possible candidates for this position. The first thing the candidate would do is to submit their CV or resume to the company either by mail, email or other methods. Then the employer looks through all of the resumes and find the top candidates.
Then those top candidates will be called or messaged to come in to be interviewed by the employer. Usually, the employer to hold interviews with all of the candidates who sent in a CV to the company.