The normal ratio of bicarbonate to carbonic acid to maintain homeostasis of the body is 20:1. Our body’s potential hydrogen (pH) measures from 7.35 to 7.45, with the ideal pH for blood amounting to 7.4. If the amount of pH falls down below 6.8 or above 7.8, our cells will stop to properly function and it may result to death.
By maintaining the ratio of 20:1, our body is able to also maintain a pH of 7.4. It is extremely important for our body to have this normal ratio because when the amount of pH falls below 7.4 (that means our body is without proper oxygenation), we will become acidic and we will be susceptible to bacteria, molds and viruses.