To distill liquids, they must be placed in a flask and heated in order to determine their boiling points. The more volatile liquid will evaporate into the condensing column first and will be converted into liquid. Fractional distillation is the separation of a liquid mixture in fractions, whereas simple distillation is when two liquids with two different boiling points are separated.
Fractional distillation provides a better separation of liquids than simple distillation. Fractional distillation allows for the liquid to distill over and over again due to the fractioning column. In fractional distillation, glass or plastic beads are placed in the fractional column in order to make the fractional distillation occur.