What are the scales of moral behavior as related to ethical decision making in academic advising?
A. Moral, Immoral, and Relativistic. B. Foreclosure, Diffusion, Moratorium, and achievement. C. Ethical vs. unethical; Legal vs. Illegal; Moral vs. Immoral. D. Neutral vs. prescriptive; Encouraging vs. discouraging; Judgmental vs. nonjudgmental. E. Student-centered, academically-centered, and teacher-centered.
Neutral vs. prescriptive; encouraging vs. discouraging; judgmental vs. nonjudgmental.-b. this is from marcias identity development theory. d. this is the correct answer. the others i just made up. -neutral vs. prescriptive. advisors who are neutral are reluctant to tell students what to do. prescriptive advisors use their authority as advisors to tell students what to do. -encouraging vs. discouraging. encouraging advisors support students by using positive phrases and withhold criticism. discouraging advisors are critical of the students behavior. -judgmental vs. nonjudgmental. judgmental advisors doubt everything they are told and accept nothing at face value. nonjudgmental advisors accept what students tell them without criticism (buck, et al., 2001).