The Berlin conference took place in 1884-1885 and was also known as the Congo conference and the West Africa conference. The purpose was to regulate European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period.
Coincidentally this period of time was also a time when Germany was just suddenly emerging as an Imperial power. The conference was organized by the first Chancellor of Germany, Otto Von Bismarck. The result of the conference can easily be seen as the beginning of the European scramble for Africa in which European countries were all looking to colonize Africa.