What is the difference between Cytokines and Chemokines? - ProProfs Discuss
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What is the difference between Cytokines and Chemokines?

Asked by Lysa , Last updated: Jul 16, 2020

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G. Woods

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G. Woods, College student, Graduate, Southampton

Answered Jul 14, 2020

Cytokines and Chemokines are proteins that are made by the cell which regulate the immune system; they are also produced by epithelial cells, adipocytes, and other cells. The word “KINOS” is a Greek word that means movement. Their names are derived from their ability to induce Cytokines are important cell signals; they are broad and loose category of a small protein, and chemokines are families of cytokines that specifically influence the migration of cells. Cytokines are released by immune cells called lymphokines/interleukins, whereas chemotactic cytokines are called chemokines. Cytokines are the main signaling cells, while chemokines are a special type of cytokine that regulates the movement of white blood cells to infected or damaged tissues. Cytokine creates other cytokines, while chemokines act on the receptor-associated G protein.
 

G. Tanaka

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G. Tanaka, Dentist, MDS, Liverpool

Answered Jul 09, 2020

Cytokine is known to be the term that is used when you would like to describe the different signaling molecules that are available. When you say chemokines, this is a term that you will use in order to judge a certain type of cytokine.

The function of the chemokine is to make sure that the different cells that will be needed to heal certain tissues will be targeted.

For example, there may be inflammation in one part of the body. In order to allow the body to heal, the chemokine will then be attracted to go to that area to promote healing. They are both useful in regulating the processes of the immune system.

 

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