Arduino is a system board which comes with a pre-tested software and hardwire libraries and has its cohesive development environment. Building electronic projects are this function's specialty, and Arduino takes care of the low-level details for you. There are three main types of Arduino. These include the Arduino board, the Arduino ecosystem, and the Arduino IDE. The combination of these applications allows you to better navigate through Arduino.
The 8051 is a single microcontroller which belongs to the 8-bit group of microcontrollers and is one of the popular microcontrollers for universal use. Microcontrollers regulate the operation of a machine. The 8051 operates safely at a voltage between +5 volts to a maximum of 6.6 volts. The Arduino operates between 6V and 20V (7-12V is recommended) through the jack connector or VIN pin. Arduino is used for home automation functions, while the 8051 microcontrollers are used in remote controls and appliances.