Columbus Day was first celebrated in the year 1869 in San Francisco. This may be the first time, but it was not widely-celebrated at that time. The first time that it was celebrated state-wide was in Colorado back in the year 1907. It took three decades before this holiday started to become more recognized in various states of the US.
States that celebrate Columbus Day usually do it on the 2nd Monday of October. This means that the actual date for Columbus Day may change year after year, depending on what day the second Monday of the month of October will fall. The holiday was proposed by Generoso Pope and President Franklin Roosevelt.
The Columbus Day, though, had been celebrated unofficially in some states and cities until it was generally accepted to be a federal holiday in the whole of the United States in the year 1937. It is usually celebrated every second Monday in the month of October every year, and the date for the celebration for the year 2019 is on Monday, 14th October. This day is celebrated to mark the landing of the Italian Christopher Columbus in the United States in the year 1492.
Many use the day to mark Columbus's achievement and also celebrate the Italian and American heritage. Since the invention of this holiday, people have developed several controversies in replacing the holiday with another one since the 1970s, of which the Indigenous People's day is topping the list of the substitutes. Columbus Day was first celebrated in New York by the Columbian order, referred to as Tammany society, in the year 1792. This was done to mark the 300th year anniversary of his landing.