Urinary System Practice Quiz

17 Questions  I  By Dbiro
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 Urinary System Practice Quiz
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  • 1. 
    Which of the following is a function of the kidney?
    • A. 

      Regulates blood pressure.

    • B. 

      Filters waste from the blood.

    • C. 

      Regulates the pH of the body.

    • D. 

      Regulates the body' s electrolyte concentration.

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 2. 
    The ___________ arteries supply the kidneys with blood.

  • 3. 
    The bladder is lined with ______________ epithelium.
    • A. 

      Simple columnar

    • B. 

      Transitional

    • C. 

      Stratified squamous

    • D. 

      Simple cuboidal

    • E. 

      Pseudostratified columnar


  • 4. 
    The functional unit of the kidneys is the
    • A. 

      Neuron.

    • B. 

      Neural glial cell.

    • C. 

      Nephron.

    • D. 

      Ureters.

    • E. 

      Nephritis.


  • 5. 
    Filtration of the blood occurs at the ___________ an is collected by the ___________.
    • A. 

      Glomerulus;proximalconvoluted tubule

    • B. 

      Glomerulus;glomerularcapsule

    • C. 

      Glomerulus;nephronloop

    • D. 

      Glomerular capsule;glomerulus

    • E. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule;glomerulus


  • 6. 
    Most of the solutes and water that are filtered out of the blood are reabsorbed at the __________________ of the renal tube.

  • 7. 
    Along the descending limb of the nephron loop (loop of Henle) ______________ is reabsorbed, while along the ascending limb _________________ is reabsorbed.
    • A. 

      Water ; urea

    • B. 

      Salt ; water

    • C. 

      Salt ; urea

    • D. 

      Water ; salt

    • E. 

      Water ; glucose


  • 8. 
    Urine that has glucose in it is usually an indicator of
    • A. 

      Diabetes mellitus.

    • B. 

      A bacterial infection.

    • C. 

      Muscle atrophy.

    • D. 

      Acidosis .

    • E. 

      Kidney stones.


  • 9. 
    The distal convoluted tubule is only permeable to water if _______________ is present.
    • A. 

      Epinephrine

    • B. 

      Oxytocin

    • C. 

      Antidiuretic hormone

    • D. 

      Salt

    • E. 

      Human growth hormone


  • 10. 
    Which of the following is not normally filtered from the blood?
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Amino acids

    • D. 

      Blood cells

    • E. 

      Urea


  • 11. 

    Which of the following is reabsorbed back into the blood via passive transport?
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Hydrogen ions

    • D. 

      Calcium

    • E. 

      Water


  • 12. 
          After examining a patient’s urine, a physician has come to the conclusion that the patient is dehydrated and does NOT have diabetes mellitus.   What properties would you expect the patient’s urine to have?
    • A. 

      The urine is light yellow and has a specific gravity less than 1.035.

    • B. 

      The urine is dark yellow and has a specific gravity greater than 1.035.

    • C. 

      The urine is light yellow and has glucose present.

    • D. 

      The urine is dark yellow and has glucose present.

    • E. 

      Bees!


  • 13. 
    Urine leaves the urinary bladder though the ____________________.

  • 14. 
    Urine is moved down the ureters by ____________________.

  • 15. 
    The reason why alcohol and caffeine are known to cause dehydration.  This is because these two drugs decrease the effectiveness of _____________________. 

  • 16. 
    What type of connective tissues surrounds and protects the kidneys?

  • 17. 
    How are the cells of the small intestine and proximal convoluted tubule (PCT)  similar?
    • A. 

      They are both composed of simple columnar epithelium.

    • B. 

      They are both composed of simple cuboidal epithelium.

    • C. 

      The cells of the small intestine and PCT contain microvilli.

    • D. 

      The cells of the small intestine and PCT contain secrete digestive enzymes.

    • E. 

      None of the above.


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