Special Ed Midterm

30 Questions  I  By S505140
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Midterm Quizzes & Trivia
Midterm Questions

  
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  • 1. 
    In comparison to typical students, students who are exceptional
    • A. 

      Have both similarities and differences.

    • B. 

      Are similar in almost every way.

    • C. 

      Are different in almost every way.

    • D. 

      Have the same instructional needs, but differ in ability level.


  • 2. 
    When special education works as it should, the outcome for students is
    • A. 

      The ability to hide their disabilities.

    • B. 

      The eradication of their disabilities.

    • C. 

      Instruction in a special class.

    • D. 

      Improved achievement and behavior.


  • 3. 
    According to the national prevalence estimates, how many exceptional students would we expect to find in a school of 100 students?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      10

    • D. 

      20


  • 4. 
    The special education intervention that requires the least specialized environment is
    • A. 

      Consultation by a special educator.

    • B. 

      Instruction by an itinerant teacher.

    • C. 

      Instruction in a resource room.

    • D. 

      Instruction by a regular classroom teacher.


  • 5. 
    Which of the following is an expectation for general education teachers?
    • A. 

      Knowledge of special education law

    • B. 

      Instruction of students with serious learning problems

    • C. 

      Management of serious behavior problems

    • D. 

      Participating in writing individualized education plans


  • 6. 
    By federal law, an exceptional student is eligible for special education when
    • A. 

      The teacher recommends it.

    • B. 

      Careful assessment indicates he or she is unable to make satisfactory progress in the regular school program.

    • C. 

      A parent requests it.

    • D. 

      A teacher has recorded observations of behavior and assessment of academic performance for at least two months.


  • 7. 
    Before making a referral for special education, a general education classroom teacher should do all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Modify or adapt the student's instructional program.

    • B. 

      Communicate concerns to parents.

    • C. 

      Examine student's school record.

    • D. 

      Administer diagnostic tests.


  • 8. 
    The historical roots of special education are found primarily in the
    • A. 

      1700s.

    • B. 

      Early 1800s.

    • C. 

      Late 1800s.

    • D. 

      1900s.


  • 9. 
    The first special educators provided many of the ideas that form the foundation for special education practice today.  They include all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Individualized instruction.

    • B. 

      Structured arrangement of the learning environment.

    • C. 

      Placement in the least restrictive environment.

    • D. 

      Emphasis on functional, life skills.


  • 10. 
    Which federal provision requires that children with disabilities be provided with a free, appropriate public education?
    • A. 

      Fourteenth Amendment

    • B. 

      Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

    • C. 

      Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

    • D. 

      Civil Rights Act


  • 11. 
    Three major trends in the field of special education are
    • A. 

      Integration into society, inclusion in schools, and early intervention

    • B. 

      Prevention, integration, and labeling.

    • C. 

      Labeling, early intervention, and prevention.

    • D. 

      Transition, mainstreaming, and handicapism.


  • 12. 
    All of the following practices promote integration EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Normalization.

    • B. 

      Institutionalization.

    • C. 

      Full inclusion.

    • D. 

      Mainstreaming.


  • 13. 
    The ability to make personal choices and regulate one's own life is known as
    • A. 

      Self-concept.

    • B. 

      Self-awareness.

    • C. 

      Self-control.

    • D. 

      Self-determination.


  • 14. 
    Which one of the following is a component of most full inclusion models?
    • A. 

      Students attend the school within their district that has the best facilities, regardless of its proximity to their home.

    • B. 

      All schools offer a continuum of special education placements, ranging from self-contained classes to full-time regular education.

    • C. 

      Placements are made according to developmental readiness rather than chronological age.

    • D. 

      General education, not special education, assumes primary responsibility for students with disabilities.


  • 15. 
    Bill is a student with low vision.  His teacher provides him with a set of large-type notes at the beginning of each lecture.  This is an example of a/an
    • A. 

      Accommodation.

    • B. 

      Adaption.

    • C. 

      Tiered assignment.

    • D. 

      Partial participation.


  • 16. 
    Which one of the following best describes the purpose of multicultural education?
    • A. 

      It teaches children of ethnic minorities about their ancestors.

    • B. 

      It provides bilingual education for non-English speakers.

    • C. 

      It provides equal educational opportunities to all students.

    • D. 

      It involves parents in their child's education.


  • 17. 
    Critics of multicultural education claim it
    • A. 

      Seeks to socialize students to a multicultural norm of acceptance and respect for people with different cultures.

    • B. 

      Undermines the central purpose of school, which is to ensure academic competence.

    • C. 

      Focuses too much on rebuilding the moral foundation of society.

    • D. 

      Is undemocratic.


  • 18. 
    Cultural diversity presents challenges for special educators in which three areas?
    • A. 

      Instruction, assessment, and law

    • B. 

      Law, socialization, and curriculum

    • C. 

      Assessment, instruction, and socialization

    • D. 

      Curriculum, instruction, and socialization


  • 19. 
    Each of the following is a major component or element of culture EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Skin color

    • B. 

      Values and behavior styles

    • C. 

      Nonverbal communication

    • D. 

      Frames of reference


  • 20. 
    Each of the following is a general purpose of multicultural education EXCEPT
    • A. 

      To promote pride in positive aspects of one's own cultural heritage

    • B. 

      To foster positive attitudes toward cultural diversity.

    • C. 

      To satisfy a large, tax-paying constituency.

    • D. 

      To ensure equal educational opportunities for all students.


  • 21. 
    According to the American Psychological Association's classification system, people with 'mild intellectual disabilities' have an IQ range of
    • A. 

      70-90.

    • B. 

      60-80.

    • C. 

      50-70.

    • D. 

      80-100.


  • 22. 
    Causes of intellectual disabilities that occur before the birth of the child are categorized as
    • A. 

      Perinatal.

    • B. 

      Postnatal.

    • C. 

      Prenatal.

    • D. 

      Premature.


  • 23. 
    Fetal alcohol syndrome is classified as resulting from a/an
    • A. 

      Environmental hazard.

    • B. 

      Infection.

    • C. 

      Genetic factor.

    • D. 

      Chromosomal abnormality.


  • 24. 
    How is adaptive behavior typically assessed?
    • A. 

      A psychologist observes the student in the classroom.

    • B. 

      The student is asked to perform a series of tasks.

    • C. 

      A parent, teacher, and/or professional answer questions related to the student's behavior on a rating form.

    • D. 

      The teacher fills out a behavior rating form.


  • 25. 
    In functional academics, academics are taught in the context of
    • A. 

      Daily living skills.

    • B. 

      Vocational settings.

    • C. 

      Community living.

    • D. 

      Simplified curricula.


  • 26. 
    One assumption held by early authorities in the field of learning disabilities is that these children have
    • A. 

      Deficits in critical thinking.

    • B. 

      Psychological processing problems.

    • C. 

      Poor impulse control.

    • D. 

      A history of neglect.


  • 27. 
    Definitions used to make eligibility and classification decisions related to learning disabilities traditionally include which one of the following factors?
    • A. 

      IQ-achievement discrepancy

    • B. 

      Learning problems due to visual, hearing, or motor handicaps, or environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage

    • C. 

      Neurological evidence of brain injury

    • D. 

      Deficits in adaptive behavior


  • 28. 
    According to law, states
    • A. 

      Must require the use of severe discrepancy between intellectual ability and achievement, but may permit the use of RtI.

    • B. 

      Must not require the use of severe discrepancy between intellectual ability and achievement, and must permit the use of RtI.

    • C. 

      Must require the use of severe discrepancy between intellectual ability and achievement, and must require the use of RtI.

    • D. 

      Must not require the use of severe discrepancy between intellectual ability and achievement, and must not require the use of RtI.


  • 29. 
    Research using CAT scans, MRIs, and PET scans suggest that some case of learning disabilities are caused by
    • A. 

      Poor nutrition.

    • B. 

      Brain damage.

    • C. 

      Structural and functional differences in the brain.

    • D. 

      Allergies to food additives.


  • 30. 
    By definition, every student with learning disabilities has
    • A. 

      Academic problems.

    • B. 

      Brain damage.

    • C. 

      Hyperactivity.

    • D. 

      Deficits in all academic areas.


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