Sociology Practice Quiz #1

50 Questions  I  By Rohane
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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia
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  • 1. 
    As defined by C. Wright Mills, which of the following “enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society”?
    • A. 

      Formal sociology

    • B. 

      Sociological imagination

    • C. 

      Microsociology

    • D. 

      Macrosociology


  • 2. 
    During what decade did C. Wright Mills develop his theory about grasping the relationship between history and biography in society?
    • A. 

      The 1940s

    • B. 

      The 1950s

    • C. 

      The 1960s

    • D. 

      The 1970s


  • 3. 
    Feeling discomfort about rural Chinese society, where many generations of a family sleep in the same bed, is known as:
    • A. 

      Xenophobia

    • B. 

      Verstehen

    • C. 

      Social identity

    • D. 

      Social ecology


  • 4. 
    Why might a visitor to a rural Chinese community feel discomfort?
    • A. 

      Rural Chinese communities do not yet understand the relationship between history and biography.

    • B. 

      Without formal education, residents of rural communities lack any form of social awareness.

    • C. 

      Rural communities are uncivilized because they have yet to embrace Western culture.

    • D. 

      It’s sometimes difficult to understand a reality different from the one that a visitor grew up with.


  • 5. 
    Which definition best describes the practice of sociology?
    • A. 

      The study of human society

    • B. 

      A liberal manner of determining social status

    • C. 

      The effect of globalization on capitalism

    • D. 

      The study of the psychological effects of societal relationships


  • 6. 
    All of the following are listed in Chapter 1 as subdisciplines within the larger discipline of sociology EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Sociology of animals

    • B. 

      Sociology of music

    • C. 

      Sociology of religion

    • D. 

      Sociology of sports


  • 7. 
    How does the textbook author use dialogue from Pulp Fiction, in which the characters discuss how in Holland, people put mayonnaise on their french fries?
    • A. 

      To introduce the sociology of film

    • B. 

      To explain the sociological imagination

    • C. 

      To explain social institutions

    • D. 

      To define formal sociology


  • 8. 
    Sociologists and economists have shown that the benefits of higher education include higher median incomes for college graduates. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Educational investment

    • B. 

      The returns to schooling

    • C. 

      Study hard or be poor

    • D. 

      Get an education; get a job


  • 9. 
    According to Randall Collins’s (1979) research, the expansion of higher education is:
    • A. 

      Mainly caused by the globalization of capitalism

    • B. 

      Likely caused by less-prepared high school students entering college

    • C. 

      A result of credentialism and expenditures on formal education

    • D. 

      A result of increasing governmental interference in educational funding


  • 10. 
    According to research used to question credentialism, what might it cost to buy a college diploma online?
    • A. 

      $29.95

    • B. 

      $99.99

    • C. 

      $250.00

    • D. 

      At least $1,000


  • 11. 
    All of the following are examples of social institutions used to prevent Web sites from undermining colleges' degree-conferring abilities EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Copyright law

    • B. 

      Police forces

    • C. 

      Employers

    • D. 

      Families


  • 12. 
               which of the following is defined as a set of stories embedded within a social network about the standard ways a society meets it needs?
    • A. 

      A social identity

    • B. 

      A social institution

    • C. 

      A theory

    • D. 

      Anomie


  • 13. 
    The Phillip Morris Company changed its name to Altira in an attempt to start a new:
    • A. 

      Line of cigarettes

    • B. 

      Defense against law suits

    • C. 

      Social identity

    • D. 

      Multinational company


  • 14. 
    The “grand narrative” that constitutes a social identity:
    • A. 

      Is nothing more than a sum of individual stories told between pairs of individuals

    • B. 

      Remains the same throughout time

    • C. 

      Can only be defined by the individual him- or herself

    • D. 

      Is best displayed online on MySpace and Facebook


  • 15. 
    Some sociologists argue that the basis for all social life is:
    • A. 

      Statistics

    • B. 

      Theory

    • C. 

      Language

    • D. 

      Technology


  • 16. 
    Positivism is also known as:
    • A. 

      Symbolic interactionism

    • B. 

      Social physics

    • C. 

      Social psychology

    • D. 

      Social ecology


  • 17. 
    Positivism is best defined as:
    • A. 

      The idea that we can scientifically and logically study social institutions and the individuals within them

    • B. 

      The effect of religion on social institutions and the individuals within them

    • C. 

      The study of the symbolic interactions between social institutions and the individuals within them

    • D. 

      The relationship between scientific and religious social institutions


  • 18. 
    According to Comte, positivism arose out of a need to make ____________ sense of the social order in a time of declining religious authority.
    • A. 

      Scientific

    • B. 

      Moral

    • C. 

      Rational

    • D. 

      Economic


  • 19. 
    As a formal field, sociology is a relatively ____________ discipline, as discussed in Chapter 
    • A. 

      Old

    • B. 

      Established

    • C. 

      Young

    • D. 

      Conservative


  • 20. 
    All of the following are known as the three epistemological stages of  human society, as explained by Comte, EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      The theological stage

    • B. 

      The metaphysical stage

    • C. 

      The scientific stage

    • D. 

      The post-scientific stage


  • 21. 
    Which of the three historical epistemological stages of human society did Comte explain was highlighted by Enlightenment thinking such as Rousseau’s, Mill’s, and Hobbes’s beliefs in biological causes for human behavior?
    • A. 

      The theological stage

    • B. 

      The metaphysical stage

    • C. 

      The scientific stage

    • D. 

      The post-scientific stage


  • 22. 
    Which of the three historical epistemological stages of human society did Comte claim was characterized by the development of social physics to explain human behavior?
    • A. 

      The theological stage

    • B. 

      The metaphysical stage

    • C. 

      The scientific stage

    • D. 

      The post-scientific stage


  • 23. 
    Which of the three historical epistemological stages did Comte argue would explain human society by consulting the Bible or other religious texts?
    • A. 

      The theological stage

    • B. 

      The metaphysical stage

    • C. 

      The scientific stage

    • D. 

      The post-scientific stage


  • 24. 
    Who was the author of the first methods book in the discipline of sociology?
    • A. 

      Emile Durkheim

    • B. 

      Harriet Martineau

    • C. 

      Jane Addams

    • D. 

      Max Weber


  • 25. 
    In the book How to Observe Morals and Manners, the institution of marriage is criticized as:
    • A. 

      Based on an assumption of the inferiority of women

    • B. 

      Based on an assumption of the inferiority of men

    • C. 

      Reinforcing compulsory heterosexuality

    • D. 

      Perpetuating social class stratification


  • 26. 
    Which of the following are known as “the founding fathers of the sociological discipline”?
    • A. 

      Comte, Martineau, and Marx

    • B. 

      Martineau, Addams, and Weber

    • C. 

      Durkheim, Marx, and Weber

    • D. 

      Cooley, Park, and Mead


  • 27. 
    Which of the following founders of sociology is known, in part, for having his writings become the basis of Communism?
    • A. 

      Auguste Comte

    • B. 

      Emile Durkheim

    • C. 

      Karl Marx

    • D. 

      Max Weber


  • 28. 
    In Communism it is believed that conflicts between classes drive social change. This is called:
    • A. 

      Social institutionalism

    • B. 

      Historical materialism

    • C. 

      Capitalist institutionalism

    • D. 

      Socialist institutionalism


  • 29. 
    To Marx, conflict between a small number of capitalists and a large number of workers would divide society. He referred to this large number of workers as:
    • A. 

      Employees

    • B. 

      Proletariat

    • C. 

      Subordinates

    • D. 

      Slaves


  • 30. 
    As an ideology for society to follow, Marx said, “from each according to his abilities, to each:
    • A. 

      According to his needs.”

    • B. 

      His just dessert.”

    • C. 

      An equal share.”

    • D. 

      According to his contributions.”


  • 31. 
    Who criticized Marx for focusing exclusively on economics and social class as explanations for human behavior, and advocated sociological analyses that allowed for multiple influences?
    • A. 

      Auguste Comte

    • B. 

      Harriet Martineau

    • C. 

      George Simmel

    • D. 

      Max Weber


  • 32. 
    Who wrote The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism?
    • A. 

      Karl Marx

    • B. 

      Georg Simmel

    • C. 

      Harriet Martineau

    • D. 

      Max Weber


  • 33. 
    The author of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism argued that sociologists should study social behavior from the perspective of the people engaging in it. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Functionalism

    • B. 

      Historical materialism

    • C. 

      Xenophobia

    • D. 

      Verstehen


  • 34. 
    The Division of Labor in Society
    • A. 

      Auguste Comte

    • B. 

      Emile Durkheim

    • C. 

      Karl Marx

    • D. 

      Max Weber


  • 35. 
    According to the theory of social solidarity, the division of labor in a society helps to determine:
    • A. 

      The sociological contribution of individuals

    • B. 

      The way urbanism affects the cohesion of individuals

    • C. 

      The way social cohesion among individuals is maintained

    • D. 

      The way social norms are created and maintained


  • 36. 
    According to Suicide, one of the main social forces leading to suicide is a sense of normlessness that results from drastic changes in society. This normlessness was called:
    • A. 

      Anomie

    • B. 

      The division of labor

    • C. 

      Social solidarity

    • D. 

      Functionalism


  • 37. 
    Which of the following sociologists wrote Suicide in 1897?
    • A. 

      Auguste Comte

    • B. 

      Emile Durkheim

    • C. 

      Karl Marx

    • D. 

      Max Weber


  • 38. 
    Which of the following sociologists established the sociology of pure numbers?
    • A. 

      Auguste Comte

    • B. 

      Emile Durkheim

    • C. 

      Georg Simmel

    • D. 

      Max Weber


  • 39. 
    The sociology of pure numbers is also known as:
    • A. 

      Formal sociology

    • B. 

      Interpretive sociology

    • C. 

      Social ecology

    • D. 

      The sociological imagination


  • 40. 
    American sociology in the United States began at which of the following universities?
    • A. 

      American University

    • B. 

      University of Chicago

    • C. 

      New York University (NYU)

    • D. 

      Columbia University


  • 41. 
    The basic premise of the Chicago School was that human behaviors and personalities are shaped by social and physical environments. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Formal sociology

    • B. 

      Interpretive sociology

    • C. 

      Social ecology

    • D. 

      Verstehen


  • 42. 
    Which early U.S. sociologist told other sociologists in the Chicago School to “go out and get the seats of [their] pants dirty in real research”?
    • A. 

      Charles H. Cooley

    • B. 

      George H. Mead

    • C. 

      Robert Park

    • D. 

      Louis Wirth


  • 43. 
    The Chicago School’s main laboratory for sociological research was:
    • A. 

      The city of Chicago itself

    • B. 

      The second floor of the University of Chicago’s dormitories

    • C. 

      The state of Illinois

    • D. 

      The states of Illinois and Ohio


  • 44. 
    According to your textbook’s author, Chicago School researcher Louis Wirth’s essay, “Urbanism as a Way of Life,” might be classified as which of the following today?
    • A. 

      Cultural sociology

    • B. 

      Formal sociology

    • C. 

      Interpretive sociology

    • D. 

      Historical materialism


  • 45. 
    Charles H. Cooley argued that the “self” emerges from how an individual interacts with others and then interprets those interactions. He calls this:
    • A. 

      The looking-glass self

    • B. 

      The social self

    • C. 

      The generalized other

    • D. 

      The significant other


  • 46. 
    George H. Mead described how the “self” internalizes the views of society as a whole, transcending the individual and particular situations. He calls this larger society:
    • A. 

      The significant other

    • B. 

      The generalized other

    • C. 

      The looking-glass self

    • D. 

      The social self


  • 47. 
    “If men define situations as real they are real in their consequences” is the theory of which of the following Chicago School theorists?
    • A. 

      Robert Park

    • B. 

      Charles H. Cooley

    • C. 

      George H. Mead

    • D. 

      W. I. Thomas


  • 48. 
    Which of the following was the first African American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard University?
    • A. 

      W. E. B. DuBois

    • B. 

      Jane Addams

    • C. 

      Oprah Winfrey

    • D. 

      Barack Obama


  • 49. 
    Which of the following applied Durkheim’s theory of anomie to explain crime rates among African Americans after the abolition of slavery in the United States?
    • A. 

      W. E. B. DuBois

    • B. 

      Jane Addams

    • C. 

      Jane Addams

    • D. 

      Charles H. Cooley


  • 50. 
    Which of the following modern sociological theories grew from Durkheim’s and others’ ideas that the best way to analyze society was to identify the roles that different aspects or phenomena play in the overall structure of society?
    • A. 

      Postmodernism

    • B. 

      Feminism

    • C. 

      Conflict theory

    • D. 

      Functionalism


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