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Sociology Final Review

97 Questions  I  By Samanthakc05
Sociology Final Review
This includes I believe all of the chapters except 11, 12, 13 and 15. Hope it helps!

  
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1.  The text explains that slavery
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  In poor countries, the disadvantages women face relative to men are
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The concept  "absolute poverty" refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Compared to poverty in the United States, poverty in low income nations is
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Where on the planet would you find most high income nations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following statements about high income nations is correct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which type of slevery refers to one person owning another?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which type of slavery consists of employers holding workers by paying them too little to covert their debts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Dependency theory claims that poor nations
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  While modernization theory focuses on _________, dependency theory focuses on __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Talcott Parsons described gender in terms of
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Structural-functional analysis points out that industrialization encourages
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Feminists claim that rape is mostly about
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Female genital mutilation is most common in
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Talcott Parsons explained that males tend toward ______ behavior, and females tend to be more ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  All of the following except for one are goals of feminism. Which is NOT a goal of feminism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Which type of feminism accepts the basic organization of US society, but seeks to expand the rights and opportunities of women?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Young men show greater ________ ability than young women; young women show greater ____________ ability than young men.
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  The point of describing gender in the Israeli kibbutzim is
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The chapter argues that gender is not a matter just of difference, but also a matter of difrences in
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  All of the following are elements of George Herbert Mead's theory of the social self except
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  According to Carol Gilligan, males use a ___________ perspective for moral reasoning
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Most children's exposure to people from different backrounds occurs from
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Studies of childhood isolation consistently conclude that
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Elisabeth Kubler-Ross described death as an orderly transition involving five specific stages. All of the following are her stages except
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Ageism refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Our basic drives or needs as humans are reflected in the Freuds concept of
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The concept of the "looking glass self" refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  According to Jean Piaget, it is during the preoperational stage of cognitive development that a child begins to use language and other symbols
A.
B.
30.  The level of human development at which individuals first see casual connections in their surroundings is
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Any social position that an individual occupies is called a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  An example of an achieved status is
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  As a worker you are torn between the demands of your boss and your coworkers. This experience is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The social construction of reality idea is most closely related to the ____ theoretical approach
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  People "construct" reality from
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  "The presentation of self" involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Humor is created when which of the following occurs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The greater social power of men is evident in which trait of womens behavior?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  When a male attaches a female pronoun to an object, he does so to
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Although the same basic emotions appear to be biologically programmed into all human beings, our culture guides all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  All of the following are benefits of the sociological perspective except
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Emile Dirkheims study on suicide concluded that cateregories of people with strong group ties tend to have lower suicide rates while more individualistic people had high suicide rates
A.
B.
43.  _______ is a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  _________ is any relatively stable pattern of social behavior
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  ___________ refers to consistency in measurement and ________ refers to the extent to which you actually measuring what it is you intended to measure
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  A concept refers to a value that changes from case to case
A.
B.
47.  The _______ methadology is used by sociologists to investigate under controlled labratory conditions the cause and effect relationships between two (or more) variables
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The methodological orientation in sociology in which the researcher focuses on needed social change is referred to as ____________ sociology
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which of the following methodological orientations in sociology views society as being organized so that some categories of people dominate others?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  All of the following are reasons to investigate social life beyond our own borders except
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  All of the following are components of culture except
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system is referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  This sociological approach to culture draws attention to the link between culture and inequality
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Arguments for supporting multiculturalism include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  All of the following have been considered a counterculture in the US except
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Culturally defined standards that people use to assess desirability, goodness, and beauty and that serve as broad guidelines for social living are
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  _______ refers to cultural patters than distinguish a societys elite and ____ refers to cultural patterns that are widespread among the societys population.
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The authors use the idea of ____ to refer to the idea that many nationalities blend together to make a single "American" culture
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Gerhard Lenski proposed a pattern of sociocultural evolution that included all of the following stages except
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  A criticism of the global culture thesis is that it assumes that people everywhere are able to afford the new goods and services brought about by elements of the global culture
A.
B.
61.  What is the term that describes the biological distinction between females and males?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The term sex is synonymous with gender
A.
B.
63.  A person's reproductive organs are
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Married people have more sex with partners than do singles.
A.
B.
65.  People who have some combination of male and female genitalia are
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Pornography has generated criticism and controversy from a number of groups
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  In the hierarchy of prostitutes, the lowest status is held by
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  In the US during the twentieth century, the sexual revolution was associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  The sexual counterrevolution occured
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  The growing body of knowledge that challanges societys heterosexual bias is
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Instrumental leadership is group leadership that focuses on the completion of tasks
A.
B.
72.  A large and impersonal group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Sociologists describe group leadership in terms of its decision making style
A.
B.
74.  Institutions of higher learning, the military, and governmental agencies are all examples of
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  All of the following are characteristics of bureaucracies except
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Deborah Tannen argues that men have a greater "information focus" and more readily ask questions in order to understand an issue when compared to women
A.
B.
77.  All of the following are factors in the orginizational enviornment that faced by formal organizations except
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  When Japanese work organizations, the text points to all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  _____ leadership is appropriate for promoting the well being of members and for raising group moral
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  McDonalidaztion of society involves all of the following organizational principles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  According to karl Marx, differences in wealth and power between the capitalists and proletarians leads to
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Davis and Moore point out that an egalitarian society
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  The belief that social inequality is fair because social position relfects personal talent and effort is a form of ideology most widely found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Max Weber argued that, in agrarian societies, which dimension of social inequality has the greatest importance
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Evidence suggests that, as the US moves into the post-industrial phase of economic development, economic inequality is
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Read the following statements about jobs. Which statement is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Near the middle of the class hierarchy in the US we find
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Which of the following statements comes closest to the correct view of the role of biology in causing people to commit crimes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Every society regulates the thoughts and behavior or individuals. This process of regulation is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Which of the following is a function of deviance noted by Emile Durkheim?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Which of the following concepts is used in Robert Mertons strain theory of deviance to refer to the process of seeking conventional goals but rejecting conventional means to get there.
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Cloward and Ohlin  extend Mertons theory of deviance stating that crime
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  In his subcultural theory of deviance, Walter Miller claimed that street criminality is most common among
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Edwin Lemert described "primary deviance" as
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  The concept "retrospective labeling" refers to the process of
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  According to the social-conflict approach, what a society labels as deviant is based mostly on
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Using a Marxist approach, Steven Spitzer claims that a capitalist society is likely to label which of the following categories of people as deviant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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