Sociology Exam 1

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1.  American Indian children were less likely to experience physical punishment and more likely to enjoy independence than were European American children.
A.
B.
2.     In 1967, the Supreme Court declared laws forbidding marriages between whites and nonwhites as unconstitutional, based on a case of a white man and his black wife who lived in   
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.     A group of people who share a common style of life and often identify with each other is called a(n)   
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.     Each class socializes its children to fill the same positions as their parents have filled.   
A.
B.
5.     What explanation is NOT given by gender theorists for the invested interest of capitalists in maintaining the inequalities between men and women?   
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.     It has been argued that the white masters destroyed social organization among African American slaves.  As a result, slave family life was destroyed, with the only stable bond(s) remaining between:   
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Contrary to what they are considered today, children in colonial times were considered to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.     According to interactionist theory proponents such as West and Zimmerman, the way to change contemporary male and female differences in infant caretaking is to involve men equally with women in the early caretaking of their young.   
A.
B.
9.     In sociological terms, gender is considered a _________ creation, while sex is considered a __________ creation.   
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.     As marriage is transformed from instiution to companionship, it becomes stronger and more adaptable.   
A.
B.
11.     Today, most Americans view the family as a(n) ______________ institution.   
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.     There were very few differences in family structure among African American, Hispanic, and Native American families.   
A.
B.
13.     According to the interactionist approach, gender differences between men and women exists primarily because of   
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  "Transnational mothers" are defined as mothers who
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.     Two conditions that contribute dramatically to the chances of a family becoming homeless are:   
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.     The primary family unit in Western nations is   
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Nagel (1996) claims that a good example of "ethnic renewal" where people of a mixed heritage were most likely to increasingly identify themselves of one distinct race would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Income inequality among US families has decreased in recent decades.
A.
B.
19.     According to many conflict theorists in sociology, the primary reason that the 1950s family was not nearly as ideal as functionalist theorists suggest is that:   
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.     The mestizo group of Mexican American settlers   
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Gender theorists maintain that economic inequalities betwen men and women benefit capitalists because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.     According to contemporary research, the breadwinner-homemaker family was   
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.     The earning gap between men and women may be the consequence of   
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.     Many couples who were married during the Great Depression stayed married because of economics, not necessarily because of happiness.   
A.
B.
25.     Considering the overall costs and benefits that have accompanied women's increased independence in US society over the past few decades, most Americans feel the balance has been positive and value women's independence.   
A.
B.
26.     In the United States there appears to have been a broad cultural shift in the values Americans hold most dear.  The general trend has been from an emphasis on __________ to __________.   
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.     The decline in marriage among African Americans can be explained by the following phenomenon:   
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.     According the principles of postmodern perspective, women's interests in the family are the same as men's.   
A.
B.
29.     In prior American eras, women gained a certain social class position primarily through their husbands':   
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Grandparents play a more important role, on average, in the lives of black families than in white families.
A.
B.
31.     The breadwinner-homemaker family is NOT preferred by most people.   
A.
B.
32.     The ________________ category has become an umbrella for an extremely diverse group of people that differ in language, religion, alphabet, and physical features.   
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.     Sociologists strive to be __________, or unaffected by their personal beliefs, when conducting their research.   
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B.
C.
D.
34.     According to Fischer and Hout (2006), one of the major social developments of twentieth-century America was   
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.     Which of the following is not an important value for working class parents to teach their children?   
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.     Family households in the US most likely to marry a spouse of a different race are from the __________ racial-ethnic group.   
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Status groups are mainly defined by the degree of education you have attained.
A.
B.
38.     At the turn of the 20th century, over half of all married women in the US were working outside the home.   
A.
B.
39.     When asked on surveys, such as the GSS, to which class they belong, most US residents respond that they are either   
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.     Families that made more than $25,000 a year were twice as likely to be married as families who made less than $15,000 a year.   
A.
B.
41.     The sharp distinctions between what men and women do in families found in the U.S. is unique compared with most societies.   
A.
B.
42.     Of the following, which is gendered?   
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Conflict theorists in sociology would have a favorable view of the dynamics and structure of the 1950s family.
A.
B.
44.     The term "Hispanic" is considered useless by many because it   
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B.
C.
D.
45.  Societal gender differences can be influenced by the degree of power men have over women in a society.
A.
B.
46.     In countries where socialism is practiced, women have gained substantially more power than women in countries whose economic and political systems are primarily capitalist.   
A.
B.
47.     A form of polygamy in which a man is allowed to have more than one wife is also referred to as:   
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B.
C.
D.
48.     The emergence of a protected, extended stage of childhood in the 1800s as a result of   
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B.
C.
D.
49.     The concept of status group was introduced by the famous sociologist   
A.
B.
C.
D.
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