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Sociology Final Exam

67 Questions  I  By Sullivank
Sociology Quizzes & Trivia
All questions from chapters 9, 10, and 15. Questions beginning with * are the ones our professor quizzed us on in class. Questions beginning with ++ are not in the book, but our professor told us we needed to know them.

  
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1.  ______ A set of ideas used to justify and defend the majority's interests and actions is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  People who possess some distinctive physical or cultural characteristics, are dominated by the majority, and are denied equal treatment are known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following statements best represents contemporary social scientists' beliefs regarding differences in intelligence among various races?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  _________ is a pattern of assimilation in which immigrants are allowed to maintain their traditional cultural ways while at the same time learning the values and norms of the host culture.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The unequal treatment of individuals based on their membership in some minority is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  * Believing that "all politicians are corrupt" is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The _____________ contends that barring others from social, political, and economic opportunities strengthens the boundaries of the majority.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Two nations that are convinced they are going to war engage in hostile interaction that causes a war to occur. This is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  * Forcing Native Americans onto reservations is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  According to the text, which of the following statements regarding the current condition of African Americans is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The United States' policy toward the Native Americans over the years has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  * According to the text, Asian Americans have been especially successful because they
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The success of Jewish Americans can be attributed to all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  According to dual labor market theory, minority workers tend to be trapped in the ________ labor market, with low-paying jobs and little hope for advancement.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  * The evidence clearly shows that race is declining in importance in America, T or F?
A.
B.
16.  Contrary to popular opinion, white ethnics in the United States are politically more liberal than Protestant blue-collar workers. T or F?
A.
B.
17.  According to Gordon Allport, children learning prejudice move from a pre-generalized learning method to a stage of total __________.
18.  The attitudes and practices associated with _________ in the American slave system help account for the long-term prejudice and discrimination experienced by African Americans.
19.  * Almost ________ percent of all Americans will be members of minority groups in 2050.
20.  Which of the following is not always a characteristic of a minority?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  * Whereas _______ is a biological term, _________ is a psychological and cultural term.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  * The debate over explanations for sex differences persists, with the ______ distinction still at the heart of the controversy. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Although given credit for its insights into the original emergence of gender roles, functionalism is often criticized on the grounds that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  * According to conflict theory, gender roles persist because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Symbolic interactionists believe that traditional gender roles persist because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which is the true statement regarding the contribution of peers into gender socialization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  * Women are hurt by the set of beliefs, norms, and values used to justify sexual inequality, known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  * On the average, women in the Unites States are now earning _________ cents for every dollar earned by men.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  * According to the text, the political position of women in the United States is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The women's movement was an identifiable mass movement at the end of the _______ century.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The social movement aimed at the achievement of sexual equality is generally known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  According to the text, the most likely form of gender roles in the future is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  ++ Sexual harassment laws passed in
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Which of the following is not a true statement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The idea that victory is the most positive reinforcement for all men is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Societies that do not follow traditional gender roles are exceptions to the rule. T or F?
A.
B.
37.  Sex stereotypes and gender roles are essentially the same thing. T or F?
A.
B.
38.  Gender is acquired through the process of ________. 
39.  According to the __________ perspective, the division of labor based on sex has survived because it is beneficial and efficient for human living.
40.  According to the _________ perspective, traditional gender definitions exist because they provide greater rewards and privileges to men than to women.
41.  _____________ is the theoretical perspective that attempts to explain how gender is acquired.
42.  * Although _________ constitute only about 10 percent of health-care workers in the United States, they establish the framework within which everyone else works.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Talcott Parsons uses the term ___________ to describe the complex set of rights and responsibilities associated with biological illness. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  According to Marxist scholar Vicente Navarro, the success of the medical profession in the United States is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the following statements would conflict theory be most likely to assert?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Epidemiologists have demonstrated that health and illness are strongly influenced by  __________ factors.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  * With the exception of _________, racial and ethnic minorities in the United States have poorer health than the general white population.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following statements regarding health-care reform in the United States is accurate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of the following was not discussed as a basic health-care reform option for the United States?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Age stratification is justified by
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  * Graying (the aging of a population) is most common in
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Which of the following factors does not affect the age structure of a population?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  * The proportion of persons under age fifteen and over sixty-four to those between fifteen and sixty-four is known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Including the "near poor" in the number of at-risk elderly means that about one in  _______ of those age sixty-five and older is poor.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  The major reason the United States does not have a national health-care system is because its citizens want different results from health-care programs than citizens of other developed societies. T or F?
A.
B.
56.  * The aging of the population is largely confined to the most highly industrialized societies. T or F?
A.
B.
57.  The _______ embraces the professional services, organizations, training academies, and technological resources that are committed to the treatment, management, and prevention of disease.
58.  * If a sick person in American society does not attempt to recover, he or she will be labeled a _______.
59.  According to ________ theory, affordable health care is not provided to the poor in the United States because of the desire for profit.
60.  _______ refers to a set of beliefs, attitudes, norms, and values used to justify age-based prejudice and discrimination.
61.  Health-care expenditures now amount for about ________ percent of the American GDP.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Nurses are caught in a conflict between their values and their work environment. Which of the following perspectives best helps us understand this situation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Of the following, which is an accurate statement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  * By 2050, the population pyramid of the United States is expected to resemble
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  The poverty rate for Americans over 65 is lower than the official count indicates. T or F?
A.
B.
66.  ++ In the film "The Gods Must Be Crazy," the tribe began having problems after they found a ________.
67.  ++ Our professor asked us one more question about "The Gods Must Be Crazy," but I do not recall what it was. Just remember that the answer is conflict theory.
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