Scientific Revolution And Enlightenment Quiz

20 Questions  I  By Kevinpatel
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Scientific Revolution Quizzes & Trivia
World History

  
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  • 1. 
    Which of the following descriptions most accurately defines mercantilism>
    • A. 

      Mercantilism was a scientific theory that attempted to limit the growing dominance of merhcants within society.

    • B. 

      Mercantilism held that government should promote the internal economy in order to improve tax revenues and to limit imports from other nations based on the amount of gold and silver the country owned.

    • C. 

      Mercantilism was an economic philosophy that argued that natural laws would determine the flow of goods according to supply and demand.

    • D. 

      Mercantilism argued that the money supply should be given to the people from the supply of bullion


  • 2. 
    The aftermath of the Scientific Revolution spilled over into a new intellectual movement in the 18th century called the
    • A. 

      Southern Renaissance

    • B. 

      Enlightenment

    • C. 

      Northern Renaissance

    • D. 

      Age of Revolution


  • 3. 
    Adam Smith's econimic theory advocated
    • A. 

      Government intervention in order to control the flow of bullion through extensive tariff systems.

    • B. 

      The use of a controlled money supply as a means of limiting inflation.

    • C. 

      That governments avoid regulation in favor of the operation of individual initiative and market forces.

    • D. 

      The institution of state-controlled guilds to fix standards of production and wages.


  • 4. 
    Which of the following was NOT a basic principle of the Enlightenment?
    • A. 

      Society's goals should center on improvements in material and social life.

    • B. 

      Religions that relied on faith or refused to tolerate diversity were wrong

    • C. 

      If people were not controlled, general social decline was inevitable

    • D. 

      Human beings are naturally good and can be educated to do better.


  • 5. 
    All of the following were causes for the spread of the Enlightenment except:
    • A. 

      Books

    • B. 

      New scientific ideas

    • C. 

      Need for government reform

    • D. 

      Most monarchies of western Europe


  • 6. 
    Social gatherings by Enlightenment figures such as writers, philosophers, artists, and scientists, who discussed new ideas, were in
    • A. 

      "The Club"

    • B. 

      Taverns

    • C. 

      "Salons"

    • D. 

      Palaces across Western Europe


  • 7. 
    New arts reflected the ideas of the Enlightenment in all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Sculptures

    • B. 

      Music

    • C. 

      Literature

    • D. 

      Paintings


  • 8. 
    All of the following composers, Franz Haden, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven were:
    • A. 

      English

    • B. 

      Austrian

    • C. 

      Russian

    • D. 

      German


  • 9. 
    Who said this? "the Council of Trent forbids the interpretation of the scriptures in a way contrary to the common agreement of the Holy Fathers." (April 4, 1615)
    • A. 

      Nicolaus Copernicus

    • B. 

      Galileo

    • C. 

      Father Foscarini

    • D. 

      Cardinal Bellarmine


  • 10. 
    Artist borrowed ideas from Greek and Roman classical eras to form this style
    • A. 

      Baroque

    • B. 

      Classical

    • C. 

      Rococo

    • D. 

      Neo Classical


  • 11. 
    Enlightened Despots were
    • A. 

      Writers

    • B. 

      Artists

    • C. 

      Absolute rulers who embraced some Enlightened ideas

    • D. 

      Absolute rulers who rejected the Enlightenment ideas


  • 12. 
    This Russial ruler absed reform on Montesquieu, and Beccaria, abolished torture and capital punishment, crushed peasant uprisings, and expanded Russia to the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea to Poland in the West.
    • A. 

      Alexander the Great

    • B. 

      Fredrick the Great

    • C. 

      Joseph II

    • D. 

      Catherine the Great


  • 13. 
    Laissez Faire is defined as
    • A. 

      "Hand off" the economy

    • B. 

      Government regulation

    • C. 

      Enlightened despotism

    • D. 

      Natural Law


  • 14. 
    John Locke believed in all of the following natural rights except:
    • A. 

      Life

    • B. 

      Liberty

    • C. 

      Pursuit of Property

    • D. 

      Pursuit of Happiness


  • 15. 
    All of the following were concepts of Enlightened philosophy except:
    • A. 

      Reason

    • B. 

      Nature

    • C. 

      Invention

    • D. 

      Liberty


  • 16. 
    This French Enlightenment figure wrote 1748 On the Spirit of Laws, Separation of Powers, and Checks and Balances
    • A. 

      Thomas Hobbs

    • B. 

      Baron de Montesquieu

    • C. 

      Francois Marie Arouet (Voltaire)

    • D. 

      Cesare Beccaria


  • 17. 
    The Enlightenment could be characterized as:
    • A. 

      Moving rapidly throughout western Europe

    • B. 

      Beginning in the Americas

    • C. 

      Beginning with the urban poor and peasant class

    • D. 

      Was slow to change society at first due to fact most people could not read, and were under the scrutiny of Monarchs


  • 18. 
    This Enlightenment figure wrote on how to change the judicial system and was anti capital punishment, torture, and believed in rights of due process.
    • A. 

      Francois Marie Arouet (Voltaire)

    • B. 

      Denis Diderot

    • C. 

      Cesare Beccaria

    • D. 

      Baron de Montesquieu


  • 19. 
    New Enlightenment economic theories concluded
    • A. 

      Economic systems are based on natural law

    • B. 

      Economic systems are based on enlightened despots

    • C. 

      Economic systems are based on the mercantile system

    • D. 

      Economic systems are based on a labor system of slaves and peasants


  • 20. 
    The law of supply and demand within "laissez faire" economics applies to all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Labor

    • B. 

      Wages

    • C. 

      Capital

    • D. 

      Government regulation


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