Related Topics
Take Another Quiz

Quater 1 Living Environment Exam

32 Questions
Quater 1 Living Environment Exam
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The development of an experimental research plan should not include a...
    • A. 

      List of safety precautions for the experiment

    • B. 

      Conclusion based on data expected to be collected in the experiment

    • C. 

      List of equipment needed for conducting the experiment

    • D. 

      Procedure for the use of technologies needed for the experiment

  • 2. 
    In 1910, Thomas Morgan discovered a certain pattern of inheritance in fruit flies known as sex linkage.  This discovery extended the ideas of inheritance that Gregor Mendel had discovered while working with garden peas in 1865.  Which principle of scientific inquiry does this illustrate?
    • A. 

      A control group must be a part of a valid experiment

    • B. 

      Scientific explanations can be modified as new evidence is found

    • C. 

      Values can be used to make ethical decisions about scientific discovery

    • D. 

      The same experiment must be repeated many times before you validate the results

  • 3. 
    In an investigation designed to determine the effect of the amount of water on plant growth, two groups of equal-sized bean plants of the same species were grown under identical conditions, except the amount of water they were given.  One group was watered with 200 mL of water once a day, while the other group was watered with 400 mL of water once a day.  After several days the heights of the plants were measured. It was determined that the plants watered with 400 mL of water once a day showed more growth.The independent variable in this investigation is the...
    • A. 

      Group of bean plants watered with 200 mL of water

    • B. 

      Type of bean plants used in the experiment

    • C. 

      Type of soil the bean plants were growing in

    • D. 

      Amount of water given to the plants each day

  • 4. 
    Which statement about the use of independent variables in controlled experiments is correct?
    • A. 

      The independent variables state the problem being tested

    • B. 

      The independent variables must involve time

    • C. 

      A different independent variable must be used each time an experiment is repeated

    • D. 

      Only one independent variable is ideal for each experiment

  • 5. 
    Scientists in the US, Europe, and Africa have now suggested that the hippopotamus is a relative of the whale.  Earlier studies placed the hippo as a close relative of the wild pigs, but recent studies have discovered stronger evidence for the connection to whales.  This information suggests that
    • A. 

      Structural evidence is the best evolutionary factor to consider

    • B. 

      Natural selection does not occur in hippopotamuses

    • C. 

      Genetic engineering was involved in the earlier theories

    • D. 

      Scientific explanations are tentative and subject to change

  • 6. 
    As part of an investigation, 10 bean seedlings in one setup were grown in the dark while 10 seedlings in another setup were grown in sunlight.  All other growth conditions were kept the same in both setups. The seedling grown in the dark were white with long slender stems.  These seedlings soon died.  The seedlings grown in the sunlight were green and healthy. Which hypothesis was most likely being tested in this investigation?
    • A. 

      Sunlight is necessary for the normal growth of bean plants

    • B. 

      Plants grown in the dark cannot perform the process of respiration

    • C. 

      Light is necessary for proper mineral absorption by plants

    • D. 

      Light is necessary for the germination of bean seeds

  • 7. 
    Worms that had been invaded by bacteria were eaten by a species of a bird.  Many of these birds died as a result.  The most likely explanation for this is that...
    • A. 

      Bacteria interfered with normal life functions of the bird

    • B. 

      Disease that killed the birds was inherited

    • C. 

      Gene alterations in the bacterial cells killed the birds

    • D. 

      Birds produced antigens in response to the bacteria

  • 8. 
    DWhich life process is indicated by the arrows in the diagram shown above?
    • A. 

      Excretion

    • B. 

      Transport

    • C. 

      Fermentation

    • D. 

      Digestion

  • 9. 
    Nutrition involves those activities by which organisms...
    • A. 

      Remove cellular waste products

    • B. 

      Obtain and process materials needed for other activities

    • C. 

      Exchange gases with their environment

    • D. 

      Absorb and circulate materials

  • 10. 
    Which process is represented below?Energy stored in food --> Energy available for use by living organisms
    • A. 

      Growth

    • B. 

      Regulation

    • C. 

      Respiration

    • D. 

      Excretion

  • 11. 
    In autotrophic plants, stored starch may be converted into small organic molecules by the process of...
    • A. 

      Transpiration

    • B. 

      Extracellular digestion

    • C. 

      Aerobic respiration

    • D. 

      Intracellular digestion

  • 12. 
    Living organisms can best be distinguished from nonliving things by determining the presence or absence of...
    • A. 

      Metabolic activities

    • B. 

      Carbon atoms

    • C. 

      Chemical reactions

    • D. 

      Oxygen atoms

  • 13. 
    Which group contains only molecules that are each assembled from smaller organic compounds?
    • A. 

      Proteins, water, DNA, fats

    • B. 

      Proteins, DNA, fats, starch

    • C. 

      Proteins, starch, carbon dioxide, water

    • D. 

      Proteins, carbon dioxide, DNA, starch

  • 14. 
    Which activity is an example of the life process known as synthesis?
    • A. 

      Oxygen moves into a cell through the cell membrane

    • B. 

      A large molecules is broken down into a smaller molecules

    • C. 

      Starch is formed by the chemical bonding of glucose molecules

    • D. 

      An organic compound is broken down and energy

  • 15. 
    The removal of carbon dioxide and nitrogenous wastes from an organism illustrates the life function known as...
    • A. 

      Excretion

    • B. 

      Nutrition

    • C. 

      Respiration

    • D. 

      Regulation

  • 16. 
    Organisms are classified into kingdoms primarily on basis of...
    • A. 

      Habitat

    • B. 

      Structure

    • C. 

      Behavior

    • D. 

      Size

  • 17. 
    Which statement best illustrates the life process of growth?
    • A. 

      An ameba moves away from bright light

    • B. 

      Two monosaccharides are formed from a disaccharide

    • C. 

      A dog consumes a bowl of food

    • D. 

      A bean seed germinates

  • 18. 
    An unsafe lab procedure for heating a nutrient solution in a flask would be to...
    • A. 

      Heat the solution at the lowest temperature possible on a hot plate

    • B. 

      Use a bunsen burner to heat the solution

    • C. 

      Stopper the flask tightly to prevent evaporation of the solution

    • D. 

      Stir the solution while its heating

  • 19. 
    The table below gives both the common and scientific names of five New York State vertebratesVertebrate Common Name Scientific NameA White Perch Morone AmericanaB Grass Pickeral Esox Americanus C Varying Hare Lepus AmericanusD American toad Bufo americanusE Muskellunge Esox masquinongy
    • A. 

      C and D

    • B. 

      A and B

    • C. 

      A and D

    • D. 

      B and E

  • 20. 
    A scientist recently discovered a pond organism that is unicellular, contains chloroplasts, and other membrane-bound organelles, and possesses a flagellum.  In which kingdom is this organism classified?
    • A. 

      Plant

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Protista

    • D. 

      Monera

  • 21. 
    Which sequence of terms is in the correct order from simplest to the most complex?
    • A. 

      Cells->tissues->organs->organ systems

    • B. 

      Organs->organisms->organ system->cell

    • C. 

      Cells->tissues->organ systems->organs

    • D. 

      Tissues->organisms->cells->organ systems

  • 22. 
    Which statement describes an exception to the cell theory?
    • A. 

      The cell is the basic functional unit of all living things

    • B. 

      Plants and animals are made up of structural units know as cells

    • C. 

      Mitochondria and chloroplasts contain genetic material and can replicate

    • D. 

      All cells arise from pre-existing cells

  • 23. 
    Which is a polysaccharide?
    • A. 

      Maltase

    • B. 

      Ribose

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Starch

  • 24. 
    Which organelle is correctly paired with its function?
    • A. 

      Nucleus-stores materials for the production of bigger proteins and lipids

    • B. 

      Lysosome-sorts and packages cellular products

    • C. 

      Choloroplast-serves as a site for photosynthesis

    • D. 

      Centriole- breaks down worn out organelles

  • 25. 
    Which sequence of terms represents a decrease from greatest number to least number of structures present in a cell?
    • A. 

      Gene->nucleus->chromosome

    • B. 

      Nucleus->gene->chromosome

    • C. 

      Chromosomes->gene->nucleus

    • D. 

      Gene->chromosome->nucleus

  • 26. 
    Organelle DNAcell membrane Absentcell wall  Absentmitochondrion presentnucleus presentInformation in the table suggests that DNA functions...
    • A. 

      Both inside and outside of the nucleus

    • B. 

      Only within energy-releasing structures

    • C. 

      Within cell vacuoles

    • D. 

      Within cytoplasm and outside of the cell membrane

  • 27. 
    Certain poisons are toxic to the organisms because they interfere with the function of enzymes in mitochondria.  This results directly in the inability of the cell to...
    • A. 

      Release energy from nutrients

    • B. 

      Build proteins

    • C. 

      Store information

    • D. 

      Dispose of metabolic wastes

  • 28. 
    Hereditary info is stored inside the...
    • A. 

      Nucleus, which has genes that contain many chromosomes

    • B. 

      Ribosomes, which have genes that contain many chromosome

    • C. 

      Nucleus, which has chromosomes that contain many genes

    • D. 

      Ribosomes, which have chromosomes that contain many genes

  • 29. 
    The diagram below represents a biological processA BInorganic molecules -> Organic moleculesWhich set of molecules is best represented by letters A and B?
    • A. 

      A: glucose B: carbon dioxide and water

    • B. 

      A: carbon dioxide and water B: glucose

    • C. 

      A: oxygen and water B: glucose

    • D. 

      A: glucose B: oxygen and water

  • 30. 
    Two examples of carbohydrates are...
    • A. 

      Amino acids and alcohol

    • B. 

      Fats and waxes

    • C. 

      Sugars and starches

    • D. 

      Fatty acids and glycerole

  • 31. 
    All chemical breakdown processes in cells directly involve
    • A. 

      Reactions that are controlled by catalysts

    • B. 

      The productions of catalysts in vacuoles

    • C. 

      Enzymes that have the same genetic base sequence

    • D. 

      Enzymes that are stored in mitochondria

  • 32. 
    The equation below represents a chemical reaction that occurs in humans.Substance x + Substance Y --> Substance WWhat data should be collected to support the hypothesis that enzyme C works best in an environment that is slightly basic?
    • A. 

      The shapes of substances x and y after the reaction occurs

    • B. 

      The amount of substance w produced in five minutes at various pH levels

    • C. 

      The amino acid sequence of enzyme C

    • D. 

      The temperature before the reaction occurs

Related Topics