Psychology - Life Span - Chapter 4

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Psychology 237 Life Span

  
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  • 1. 
    The embryo has all the basic organs and body parts (except sex organs) at approximately how many weeks after conception?
    • A. 

      1 week

    • B. 

      4 weeks

    • C. 

      6 weeks

    • D. 

      8 weeks

    • E. 

      10 weeks


  • 2. 
    All of the following occur during the germinal period, except:
    • A. 

      Cell differentiation

    • B. 

      Organ formation

    • C. 

      Implantation

    • D. 

      Formation of inner and outer cell masses


  • 3. 
    Which of the following happens during the germinal period?
    • A. 

      Formation of the neural tube

    • B. 

      The blastocyst becomes an embryo

    • C. 

      Implantation

    • D. 

      The indifferent gonad differentiates


  • 4. 
    Of the following factors, which is the most crucial in determining whether a preterm newborn will survive?
    • A. 

      Race

    • B. 

      Gestational maturity

    • C. 

      Method of delivery

    • D. 

      Race


  • 5. 
    The critical difference between a preterm baby and a full-term newborn is:
    • A. 

      The maturation of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems

    • B. 

      The amount of weight gain

    • C. 

      The maturation of the skeletal system

    • D. 

      The possibility of life outside the uterus


  • 6. 
    The development of new connections between brain cells is called:
    • A. 

      Carcinogenesis

    • B. 

      Neurogenesis

    • C. 

      Synaptogenesis

    • D. 

      Myelination


  • 7. 
    How many newborns have major structural anomalies?
    • A. 

      1 %

    • B. 

      3 %

    • C. 

      5 %

    • D. 

      10 %


  • 8. 
    Certain teratogens are relatively harmless in small doses but become harmful once exposure reaches a certain level. This is called:
    • A. 

      The critical period

    • B. 

      Postpartum depression

    • C. 

      Kangaroo care

    • D. 

      The threshold effect


  • 9. 
    The risk of malformed limbs is greatest if a pregnant woman takes thalidomide:
    • A. 

      Before she conceives

    • B. 

      During the sixth and seventh weeks of pregnancy

    • C. 

      During the pregnancy's second trimester

    • D. 

      At the end of the fetal period


  • 10. 
    The occurrence of neural tube defects has decreased in all countries that:
    • A. 

      Fund prenatal care

    • B. 

      Encourage women to take prenatal vitamins

    • C. 

      Fortify various foods with folic acid

    • D. 

      Require warning labels on medications that may be teratogenic


  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements regarding genetic vulnerability and sex is true?
    • A. 

      More females than males are spontaneously aborted

    • B. 

      More females than males will have birth defects

    • C. 

      More females than males will have birth defects

    • D. 

      More males than females will have learning disabilities


  • 12. 
    Which of the following postconception testing has greatly contributed to the survival rate of twins?
    • A. 

      Alpha-fetoprotein assay

    • B. 

      Chorionic villi sampling

    • C. 

      Amniocentesis

    • D. 

      Sonogram


  • 13. 
    Which of the following postconception testing methods is associated with the greatest risk of spontaneous abortion?
    • A. 

      Alpha-fetoprotein assay

    • B. 

      Chorionic villi sampling

    • C. 

      Amniocentesis

    • D. 

      Sonogram


  • 14. 
    The results of prenatal tests:
    • A. 

      Rarely lead to the termination of a pregnancy

    • B. 

      Are inaccurate 50% of the time

    • C. 

      Performed early in pregnancy suggest that more tests are needed about 20% of the time

    • D. 

      Show in false positives so frequently that testing prior to the third trimester is becomingly increasingly rare


  • 15. 
    A doula is a woman who:
    • A. 

      Is pregnant for the first time

    • B. 

      Helps with the birthing process

    • C. 

      Helps couples with infertility problems

    • D. 

      Counsels women with postpartum depression


  • 16. 
    Which of the following Apgar scores indicates that a newborn is in critical condition?
    • A. 

      7

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      5

    • D. 

      4


  • 17. 
    The Apgar scale measures all of the following, except:
    • A. 

      Heart rate

    • B. 

      Color

    • C. 

      Respiratory effect

    • D. 

      Size


  • 18. 
    How many hours of active labor occurs, on average, before first births?
    • A. 

      2 hours

    • B. 

      4 hours

    • C. 

      16 hours

    • D. 

      12 hours


  • 19. 
    Every psychoactive drug:
    • A. 

      Is a teratogen

    • B. 

      Increases the risk of complications during pregnancy such as preeclampsia

    • C. 

      Crosses the placenta

    • D. 

      interferences with organ development


  • 20. 
    Assisted reproductive technology has increased the rate of:
    • A. 

      SGA (small for gestational age)

    • B. 

      LBW (low birthweight)

    • C. 

      Anoxia

    • D. 

      Toxoplasmosis


  • 21. 
    The rate of low birthweight among Mexican Americans:
    • A. 

      Is higher than that of other groups in that United States

    • B. 

      Is lower than the lower overall rate in the United States

    • C. 

      Is comparable to that of African Americans

    • D. 

      Demonstrates the importance of proper prenatal care


  • 22. 
    What percentage of women experience postpartum depression?
    • A. 

      Under 5 %

    • B. 

      8 - 10 %

    • C. 

      15 - 20 %

    • D. 

      25 %


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