Psychology Chapter 1

62 Questions  I  By Nikki123090
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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia
THIS QUIZ IS GOING TO TEST MY KNOWLEGDE OF TERMS AND PEOPLE OF PSYCHOLOGY IN CHAPTER 1. THIS TEST IS FOR PSYCHOLOGY 1303, TH INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY.

  
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  • 1. 
    Group that is drawn from a larger population and measured or observed.
    • A. 

      Bias

    • B. 

      Sample

    • C. 

      Dependent variable

    • D. 

      Independent variable

    • E. 

      Effect


  • 2. 
    Condition administered to the same participants who received the experimental condition.
    • A. 

      Experimental conition

    • B. 

      Debriefing

    • C. 

      Control condition

    • D. 

      Behaviorism

    • E. 

      Content validity


  • 3. 
    Participant and experimenter are both blind to conditions & predictions therefor cannot preoduce predicted results
    • A. 

      Constant experimenter

    • B. 

      Double- blind design

    • C. 

      Construct validity

    • D. 

      Introspection

    • E. 

      Correlation coefficient


  • 4. 
    Interview after a study
    • A. 

      Survey

    • B. 

      Levels of analysis

    • C. 

      Theory

    • D. 

      Prediction

    • E. 

      Debriefing


  • 5. 
    Index of how closely interrelated two sets of measured variable are
    • A. 

      Effect

    • B. 

      Sample

    • C. 

      Correlation coefficient

    • D. 

      Sampling bias

    • E. 

      Response bias


  • 6. 
    Specifies how it is measured or manipulated
    • A. 

      Structuralism

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Reliability

    • D. 

      Operational definition

    • E. 

      Validity


  • 7. 
    Theory of how thoughts and feelings affect behavior; push and pull interaction
    • A. 

      Psychodynamic theory

    • B. 

      Informed consent

    • C. 

      Theory

    • D. 

      Response bias

    • E. 

      Structuralism


  • 8. 
    School of psychology that assumes people have positive values, free will, and deep inner creativity; which leads them to choose life fulfilling paths to personal growth.
    • A. 

      Psychodynamic theory

    • B. 

      Humanistic psychology

    • C. 

      Gestalt psychology

    • D. 

      Counseling psychologist

    • E. 

      Behaviorism


  • 9. 
    Approach to understanding mental processes that focusees on the idea that the whole os more than the sum of its parts.
    • A. 

      Clinical psychology

    • B. 

      Structuralism

    • C. 

      Humanistic psychology

    • D. 

      Gestalt psychology

    • E. 

      Behavior


  • 10. 
    Physician who focuses on mental disorders that also can precribe drugs.
    • A. 

      Applied psychologist

    • B. 

      Clinical psychologist

    • C. 

      Counseling psychologist

    • D. 

      Psychiatrist

    • E. 

      Psychologist


  • 11. 
    Trained to help people with issues that naturally arise during the course of life
    • A. 

      Counseling psychologist

    • B. 

      Psychiatrist

    • C. 

      Clinical psychologist

    • D. 

      Applied psychologist

    • E. 

      Academic psychologist


  • 12. 
    Type of phychologist who provides psychotherapy to administer and interpret psychological tests.
    • A. 

      Counseling psychologist

    • B. 

      Applied psychologist

    • C. 

      Academic psychologist

    • D. 

      Psychiatrist

    • E. 

      Clinical psychologist


  • 13. 
    Uses principles and theories of psychology in practical areas such as education, industry, and marketing.
    • A. 

      Clinical psychologist

    • B. 

      Applied psychologist

    • C. 

      Counseling psychologist

    • D. 

      Psychiatrist

    • E. 

      Humanistic psychologist


  • 14. 
    Aspect of the situation that is intentionally varied while another aspect is varied.
    • A. 

      Dependent variable

    • B. 

      Introspection

    • C. 

      Sampling bias

    • D. 

      Validity

    • E. 

      Independent variable


  • 15. 
    Aspect of the situation that is measured as an independent variable is changed
    • A. 

      Dependent variable

    • B. 

      Independent variable

    • C. 

      Informed consent

    • D. 

      Survey

    • E. 

      Theory


  • 16. 
    Scientific study that focuses on a single instance of a situation;examing it in detail
    • A. 

      Experimental condition

    • B. 

      Reliability

    • C. 

      Validity

    • D. 

      Case study

    • E. 

      Sample


  • 17. 
    School of psychology that focuses on how specific stimulus evokes a specific response
    • A. 

      Structuralism

    • B. 

      Case study

    • C. 

      Behaviorism

    • D. 

      Reliability

    • E. 

      Introspection


  • 18. 
    Does it measure stuff that has been identified in a theory
    • A. 

      Behaviorism

    • B. 

      Criterion validity

    • C. 

      Content validity

    • D. 

      Face validity

    • E. 

      Construct validity


  • 19. 
    Does it compare to other valid measures
    • A. 

      Construct validity

    • B. 

      Criterion validity

    • C. 

      Applied psychology

    • D. 

      Reliability

    • E. 

      Face validity


  • 20. 
    Does it measure all aspects
    • A. 

      Criterion validity

    • B. 

      Constuct validty

    • C. 

      Content validity

    • D. 

      Face validity

    • E. 

      Reliability


  • 21. 
    Does your instrument measure what it is supposed to measure?
    • A. 

      Face validity

    • B. 

      Content validity

    • C. 

      Construct validity

    • D. 

      Criterion

    • E. 

      Reliability


  • 22. 
    Does your instrument mesure your variables constantly
    • A. 

      Face validity

    • B. 

      Content validity

    • C. 

      Reliability

    • D. 

      Construct validity

    • E. 

      Criterion validity


  • 23. 
    Created 1st psychological labratory; used introspection; focused on identifing the BUILDING BLOCKS of consciousness.
    • A. 

      Wilhelm wundt

    • B. 

      Edwards titchener

    • C. 

      Aristotle

    • D. 

      Descartes

    • E. 

      Franz joseph gall


  • 24. 
    Feeling
    • A. 

      Emotion

    • B. 

      5 senses

    • C. 

      Bias

    • D. 

      Prediction

    • E. 

      Sample


  • 25. 
    Sensation
    • A. 

      5 sense

    • B. 

      Feeling

    • C. 

      Being aware

    • D. 

      Stuff your brain does

    • E. 

      Behavior


  • 26. 
    Being aware
    • A. 

      Reliability

    • B. 

      Prediction

    • C. 

      Unconscious

    • D. 

      Consciousness

    • E. 

      Informed consent


  • 27. 
    Whose work led to structuralism
    • A. 

      Wilhem wundt and edward titchener

    • B. 

      Aristotle and edward titchener

    • C. 

      Descartes and edward titchener

    • D. 

      Thomas willis and edward titchener

    • E. 

      Franz joseph gall and edward titchener


  • 28. 
    Convincingly demonstrated that your brain is the seat of all mental activity; said the brain is in charge; said diff. parts are for diff. functions; school of phrenology
    • A. 

      Wihelm wudnt

    • B. 

      Edawrd titchener

    • C. 

      Thomas willis

    • D. 

      Descartes

    • E. 

      Franz joseph gall


  • 29. 
    1st reasonable anatomy of the brain; sai each side of the brain controls the opposite;apoplexy/ strokes
    • A. 

      Franz joseph gall

    • B. 

      Thomas willis

    • C. 

      Descartes

    • D. 

      Aristotle

    • E. 

      Edward titchener


  • 30. 
    Said the brain was worthless and the heart is important
    • A. 

      Descartes

    • B. 

      Thomas willis

    • C. 

      Franz joseph gall

    • D. 

      Edward titchener

    • E. 

      Aristotle


  • 31. 
    What is your brain and body designed to do
    • A. 

      Keep your organs running

    • B. 

      Keep you alive

    • C. 

      Function properly

    • D. 

      Process fluids properly

    • E. 

      Retain structure


  • 32. 
    What is your psychological organ
    • A. 

      Head

    • B. 

      Heart

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Brain

    • E. 

      Lobes


  • 33. 
    The brain; the person; the group
    • A. 

      Levels of psychology

    • B. 

      Levels of science

    • C. 

      Levels of behavior

    • D. 

      Levels of theory

    • E. 

      Levels of analysis


  • 34. 
    School of psychology that sought to understand how the mind helps individuals function or adapt to the world
    • A. 

      Structuralism

    • B. 

      Behavorism

    • C. 

      Functionalism

    • D. 

      Specialism

    • E. 

      Mental processes


  • 35. 
    Type of psychologist who focuses on teaching and conducting research
    • A. 

      Clinical psychologist

    • B. 

      Applied psychologist

    • C. 

      Psychiatrist

    • D. 

      Academic psychologist

    • E. 

      Psychiatric doctor


  • 36. 
    When beliefs, expectations, or habits alter how participants in a study respond or affect how a researcher sets up or conducts a study, thereby influencing its outcome
    • A. 

      Bias

    • B. 

      Bias response

    • C. 

      Case study

    • D. 

      Hypothesis

    • E. 

      Control condition


  • 37. 
    A group that is treated exactly the same way as the experimental group, except that the one aspect of the situation being studied is not manipulated for this group.
    • A. 

      Control group

    • B. 

      Introspection

    • C. 

      Replica

    • D. 

      Informed consent

    • E. 

      Psychodynamic theory


  • 38. 
    Objective observations
    • A. 

      Thoery

    • B. 

      Prediction

    • C. 

      Behavior

    • D. 

      Response

    • E. 

      Data


  • 39. 
    Not objectively verifiable; the process of LOOKING WITHIN
    • A. 

      Functionalism

    • B. 

      Bias

    • C. 

      Structuralism

    • D. 

      Introspection

    • E. 

      Behaviorism


  • 40. 
    The difference in the dependent variable that is due to the changes in the independent variable
    • A. 

      Introspection

    • B. 

      Effect

    • C. 

      Analysis

    • D. 

      Bias

    • E. 

      Experiment


  • 41. 
    Part of study in which the participant receives the complete procedure that defines the experiment
    • A. 

      Control condiction

    • B. 

      Meta-analysis

    • C. 

      Experimental condition

    • D. 

      Control group

    • E. 

      Random condition


  • 42. 
    A group that receives the complete procedure that defines the experiment
    • A. 

      Control group

    • B. 

      Independent variable

    • C. 

      Dependent variable

    • D. 

      Experimental group

    • E. 

      Confound


  • 43. 
    Effects that occur wen an investigator's expectations lead him or her to treat participants in a way that encourages them to produce the expected results.
    • A. 

      Effect

    • B. 

      Double blind design

    • C. 

      Intospection

    • D. 

      Experimenter expectancy effects

    • E. 

      Debriefing


  • 44. 
    A tentative idea that might explain a set of observations
    • A. 

      Theory

    • B. 

      Predictions

    • C. 

      Hypothesis

    • D. 

      Variable

    • E. 

      Operational definition


  • 45. 
    The requirement that a potential participant in a study be told what he or hse would be asked to do and be advisedof possible risks and benefits of the study before agreeing to take part
    • A. 

      Informed consent

    • B. 

      Debriefing

    • C. 

      Prediction

    • D. 

      Replication

    • E. 

      Theory


  • 46. 
    School of psychology that sought to identify the basic elements of experiance
    • A. 

      Behaviorism

    • B. 

      Functionalism

    • C. 

      Structualism

    • D. 

      Effect

    • E. 

      Validity


  • 47. 
    Observable acts
    • A. 

      Effect

    • B. 

      Prediction

    • C. 

      Behavior

    • D. 

      Science

    • E. 

      Theory


  • 48. 
    The entire set of relevant people or animals
    • A. 

      Constant

    • B. 

      Experiment

    • C. 

      Validity

    • D. 

      Population

    • E. 

      Data


  • 49. 
    Expectation about specific events that should occur in particular circumstances i fthe theory or hypothesis is correct
    • A. 

      Prediction

    • B. 

      Variable

    • C. 

      Belief

    • D. 

      Effect

    • E. 

      Theory


  • 50. 
    Stuff your brain does
    • A. 

      Behavior

    • B. 

      Mental processes

    • C. 

      Informed consent

    • D. 

      Replication

    • E. 

      Effect


  • 51. 
    To know
    • A. 

      Introspection

    • B. 

      Effect

    • C. 

      Science

    • D. 

      Theory

    • E. 

      Prediction


  • 52. 
    Collecting the same observations or measurmentsand finding the same results as were found previously
    • A. 

      Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Data

    • C. 

      Replication

    • D. 

      Scientific method

    • E. 

      Response


  • 53. 
    A tendency to respond in a particular way reguardless of respondents' actual knowledge or beliefs
    • A. 

      Response

    • B. 

      Response bias

    • C. 

      Sampling bias

    • D. 

      Effect

    • E. 

      Replication


  • 54. 
    Science of mental processes and behavior
    • A. 

      Structuralism

    • B. 

      Psychology

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic theory

    • D. 

      Functionalism

    • E. 

      Behavioralism


  • 55. 
    Bias that occurs when participants or items are not chosen at random
    • A. 

      Bias

    • B. 

      Sampling bias

    • C. 

      Response bias

    • D. 

      Sample

    • E. 

      Reliability


  • 56. 
    Set of questions, typically about beliefs, attitudes, preferences, or activities
    • A. 

      Correlation

    • B. 

      Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Random assignment

    • D. 

      Data

    • E. 

      Survey


  • 57. 
    An interlocking set of concepts and principles that explain a set of observations
    • A. 

      Survey

    • B. 

      Data

    • C. 

      Hypothesis

    • D. 

      Theory

    • E. 

      Prediction


  • 58. 
    Outside conscious awareness and not able to be brought to consciousness at will
    • A. 

      Consciousness

    • B. 

      Unconscious

    • C. 

      Experiment

    • D. 

      Theory

    • E. 

      Validity


  • 59. 
    Can be varied or changed
    • A. 

      Data

    • B. 

      Variable

    • C. 

      Hypothesis

    • D. 

      Theory

    • E. 

      Prediction


  • 60. 
    Father of psychodynamic theory
    • A. 

      Edwards titchener

    • B. 

      Thomas willis

    • C. 

      Sigmund freud

    • D. 

      Aristotle

    • E. 

      Margaret floy washburn


  • 61. 
    First woman to earn a Ph.D in psychology; student of edward titchener
    • A. 

      Margaret floy washburn

    • B. 

      Mary whiton calkins

    • C. 

      Robin s rosenburg

    • D. 

      Stephanie m kosslyn

    • E. 

      Addison wesley


  • 62. 
    1st woman president of the american psychological association
    • A. 

      Stephanie m kosslyn

    • B. 

      Margaret floy washburn

    • C. 

      Robin s rosenburg

    • D. 

      Addison wesley

    • E. 

      Mary whiton calkins


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