Psychology Chapter 1 Quiz 1

10 Questions  I  By Droicki
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  • 1. 
    The early roots of psychology are firmly planted in philosophy and:
    • A. 

      Anatomy

    • B. 

      Logic

    • C. 

      Dualism

    • D. 

      Physiology


  • 2. 
    Historians generally credit the official emergence of psychology as a science to:
    • A. 

      Broca

    • B. 

      Helmholtz

    • C. 

      Wundt

    • D. 

      Titchener


  • 3. 
    William James is to _________as Wilhelm Wundt is to _____________
    • A. 

      Functionalism; behaviorism

    • B. 

      Functionalism; structuralism

    • C. 

      Structuralism; behaviorism

    • D. 

      Structuralism; functionalism


  • 4. 
    Structuralist psychologists' beliefs were diametrically opposed to what _______________ psychologists believed.
    • A. 

      Functionalist

    • B. 

      Behavioral

    • C. 

      Gestalt

    • D. 

      Cognitive


  • 5. 
    Humanistic psychologists accented the     __________, Whereas Freud's view of hu-man nature was largely __________.
    • A. 

      Constructive; prospective.

    • B. 

      Negative; positive.

    • C. 

      Optimistic; pessimistic.

    • D. 

      Positive; negative.


  • 6. 
    Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist, is best known for his:
    • A. 

      Experiments with salivating dogs.

    • B. 

      Experiments with head-bobbing pigeons.

    • C. 

      Work with clinically depressed clients.

    • D. 

      Experiments with rats and mazes.


  • 7. 
    Sue's first-grade teacher gives yellow smiley faces for good work in the hopes of en¬couraging the children to do their best. According to principles of reinforcement, smiley faces would be:
    • A. 

      Positive reinforcement.

    • B. 

      Stimuli.

    • C. 

      Reactionary agents.

    • D. 

      Negative reinforcement.


  • 8. 
    Wilhem Wundt is to structuralism as Jean Piaget is to:
    • A. 

      Functionalism.

    • B. 

      Humanism.

    • C. 

      Evolutionary psychology.

    • D. 

      Cognitive psychology.


  • 9. 
    Dr. Dixon studies what makes adolescents conform to the behaviors and opinions of other adolescents. Which area of psychology does her research best represent?
    • A. 

      Cognitive psychology

    • B. 

      Clinical psychology

    • C. 

      Social psychology

    • D. 

      Cultural psychology


  • 10. 
    The American Psychological Association was formed in:
    • A. 

      1892 on the campus of Clark University.

    • B. 

      1939 at the beginning of World War II.

    • C. 

      At the turn of the century in 1900.

    • D. 

      In 1855 in conjunction with Howard University's psychology club.


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