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Psych 220

148 Questions  I  By Almi325
Psych 220

  
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1.  Which of the following statements about Piaget's theory is NOT true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following statements describing Skinner's theory of operant conditioning is NOT true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Harry fights constantly with his parents. Bronfenbrenner would predict that Harry might have difficult related to his teacher because of a disruption in his. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following statements about standardized tests is TRUE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  MRI uses -- to construct an image of the --
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following statements about experimental research is NOT true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of the following is a drawback to conduction observational research in a laboratory?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Denise argues that early experiences are more important; Barbara believes that both early and later experiences are important. Denise's view is consistent --, while Barbara's view would be supported by --. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  According to Jeffery Arnett, emerging adulthood is characterized by five key factors. Which of the following is NOT one of these featured?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Paul spends much of his time working in his garden and reading books on photography. He doesn't have as much strength as he used to have, but he is enjoying his time of decreased responsibility. Developmental psychologists would say that Paul is probably in?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which of the following is associated with the developmental period of early childhood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The idea that no age period dominates development highlights the life-span perspective that development is...
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists, neuroscientists, and medical researchers all share in interest in unlocking the mysteries of development through the lifespan. This bears out how development is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Individuals are changing beings in a changing world. Which characteristic of development is reflected in this statement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Contextual influences include biological processes such as puberty and menopause. They also include sociocultural, environmental processes such as beginning formal education and retirement. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  By age 51, most women enter menopause. This is an example of how a biological process can exert a...
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Latinos:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Laws passed to reform the welfare system, house the homeless, provide relief for catastrophes, and improve education would be examples of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Compared with earlier decades, U.S. adults today are....
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The average kindergartener would be in the developmental period of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  According to the analysis included in the text, which of the following statements about the "young-old" is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Development in the young-old and old-old is characterized by considerable --, but development in the oldest-old is characterized by --. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The -- the person's -- age, the longer the person is expected to live. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  In predicting an adult woman's behavior, it may be more important to know that she is the mother of a 3-year-old child than to know whether she is 20 or 30 years old. This reflects the concept of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The 35-year-old grandmother, the 65-year-old father of a preschooler, the 15-year-old surgeon, and the 70-year-old student all serve to illustrate that...
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The concept of discontinuity is characterized by...
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  With regard to the three important issues concerning developent -- nature-nutre, stability-change, and continuity-discontinuity, life span psychologists:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Most contemporary psychoanalytic theorists believe that Sigmund Freud:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Piaget's four stages of cognitive development:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  A recent television documentary concluded that, from birth, girls are more nurturing than boys. You agree with this because females needed to be more nurturing to aid the survival of the species. Your view reflects the -- perspective of development
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  John Bowlby illustrated an important application of ethological theory to human development where he stressed that attachment to a caregiver -- has important consequences throughout the lifespan.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  A criticism of ecological theory is that it underemphasizes -- and --
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  When researches use surface labels such as "Blacks," "Hispanics," and "Caucasians," they underrepresent the differences that exist among people within the same racial group, a practice referred to as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  In an experimental study, which group receives the treatment (independent variable)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Many individuals become wiser as they age, but their performance on tasks that require speend in processing information starts to decline. This illustrates how throughout life, some dimensions or componenets of a dimension expand and others shrink, or how development is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Which of the following is NOT a trend related to families around the world?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Patrick suffers from --, a genetic abnormality in which delayed blood clotting causes internal and external bleeding. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Penny has been diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. Which of the following would be an appropriate course of treatment for her?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Mary and Jim are expecting a child and prenatal diagnostic procedures have confirmed that the fetus has --, a neural tube disorder that causes brain and spine abnormalities. Their physician has explained that this gene-linked abnormality could be treated with corrective surgery at birth, orthopedic devices, and physical or medical theraphy.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Lindsay's body does not produce enough insulin, causing an abnormal metabolism of sugar. She is receiving insulin treatment. Lindsay has...
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Joshua, 2, has been diagnosed with --, a blood disorder that limits the body's oxygen supply and can cause joint swelling and heart and kidney failure. This genetic disorder can be treated through penicillin, pain medication, antibiotics, and blood transfusions. His doctor has indicated that a study named Baby HUG may offer a better drug in the future. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Benny has been diagnosed with a gene-linked abnormality characterized by deceleration of mental and physical development caused by an accumulation of lipids in the nervous system. He has been put on medication and a special diet, but his family has been told that he will probably not live beyond the age of five. Benny is suffering from...
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Evolution takes place:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  A fertilized human egg cannot grow into a crocodile, duck, or fish specifically because of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Combining the genes of two parents in offspring is one of the ways in which -- increases in the population, which is valuable for a species because it provides more characteristics for natural selection to operate on. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Most individuals who have X-linked diseases are...
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following statements about the working of genes is NOT true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Which of the following best exemplifies an evocative genotype-environment correlation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Researchers are exploring the potential for using NIPD to diagnose a baby's sex, as early as five weeks after conception, and Down Syndrome. However, being able to detect an offspring's sex and various diseases and defects so early through NIPD raises ethical concerns about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Which of the following statements is true regarding the differences between outcomes for adopted and nonadopted children?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Parents' personalities or intellectual orientation, the family's socioeconomic status, and the neighborhood in which they live are all instances of the -- of siblings. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Parents often interact differently with each sibling, and siblings interact differently with parents. Even these experiences occurring within the family can be part of the -- of siblings. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Behavior geneticist Robert Plomin has found that shared environment accounts for -- of the variation in children's personality or interests.
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  -- is the evolutionary process by which those individuals of a species that are best adapted are the ones that survive and reproduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  -- behavior is behavior that promotes an organism's survival in the natural habitat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  According to evolutionary development psychologists, many evolved psychological mechanisms are --. That is, the mechanisms apply only to a specific aspect of a person's makeup. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Cody is the star pitcher for his high school baseball team. His father is a retired minor league baseball pitcher, and his mother played softball in college. The epigenic view of development would say that Cody's pitching ability is the result of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Which of the following statements regarding environmental experience is TRUE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Typical prenatal development lasts between:
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  The period of development that includes the creation of the zygote, attachment to the uterine wall, and the continued cell division is known as the -- period. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Implantatin of the blastocyst to the uterine wall occurs at about -- days after conception. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Chu-Lin's doctor tells her that her baby will have problems with its respiratory and digestive systems. The doctor explains that the problems originated when the zygote divided into three major cell layers. Evidently, there was a problem in the formation of the...
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  When baby Juan was born, he had problems with his sensory systems. There were noticeable defects in his eyes, ears, and nose. Most likely, Juan's problems came from defects in the formation of the ---
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The life support system for the embryo consists of the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Marsha is 6 months pregnant and she has just slipped and fallen on her hardwood floor. If Marsha's -- is working properly, her baby will likely not suffer any damage from her fall. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The process of organ development during the first 2 months of prenatal development is known as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Which of the following organs or systems develop FIRST in prenatal development?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The basic architecture of the human brain is assembled during the...
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  A straregy that can help prevent neural tube defects is for women to take:
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Neuronal migration occurs at approximately -- weeks after conception. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  A teratogen is any agent that can cause...
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  During which period of fetal development is the unborn baby MOST at risk of developing a structural defect due to the effects of a teratogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Ameera is pregnant and is a heavy smoker. Which of the following is her baby MORE likely to have than is the baby of a nonsmoker?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Prenatal cocaine exposure has been linked to all the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Angelo is 7 years old and has been diagnosed with a learning disability. In addition, he often seems highly excitable and is impulsive. It is possible that Angelo's mother used -- while pregnant. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Which of the following statements about the effects of the use of marijuana on offspring is TRUE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Which of the following statements is FALSE about the effect of substance abuse by pregnant mothers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Giovanna was found to be Rh incompatible with her first child. To prevent her body from producing antibodies that will attack any future Rh-incompatible fetuses, her doctor gave her:
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Which of the following is NOT one of the ways in which AIDS can be transmitted from the mother to the infant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Which of the following maternal diseases carries the risk of delivering overweight babies weighing 10 pounds or more?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  A research review indicated that when newborns have physical defects:
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Obesity during pregnancy increased all of the following risks to the fetus EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Tammy is pregnant with her first child. She tells you that she loves swordfish and has it for dinner two or three times a week. Based on current research, what should you advise Tammy about her diet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Marlena, who just found out she's pregnant, has very poor eating habits. She eats few total calories, very little protein, and unbalanced amounts of vitamins and minerals. If she continues her present habits, which of the following is MOST likely to occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Which of the following disorders is LEAST likely to happen to the child of a mother 16 to 34 years old?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Which maternal age group has increased risks of low birth weight, preterm delivery, and fetal death?
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  The second stage of childbirth begins with the -- and ends with the --. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Which of the following is TRUE of the stages of childbirth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  French obstetrician Ferdinand Lamaze developed a method similar to natural childbirth that is known as....
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Which of the following is NOT a feature of the prepared childbirth program?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Linda's baby is about to be born. The baby's head is at the top of the uterus, and the baby's lower extremeties are on the cervix. This situation is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Which of the following techniques is used to overcome the threat of problems related to the breech position during delivery?
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Which of the following is the Apgar scale especially good at determining?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  A pediatrician is testing baby Rosaria. The doctor rates Rosaria in response to a rattle, reflexes, and reactions to people and objects. Rosaria's pediatrician is using the...
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Dakota was born after 40 weeks of gestation and weighed 4 lbs. Dakota would be considered:
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Malorie was born during her mother's 32nd week of pregnancy. Malorie would be termed a -- baby. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Jasmine and her fetus are Rh incompatible. This means that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Currently, the two most popular NICU interventions that involve parents are -- and --
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  What does a very low NBAS score indicate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  The Apgar Scale is a method used to assess the health of newborns. A score of 3 would:
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  Julianne has lost her baby early in her pregnancy. Which of the following paternal factors could have possibly led to this outcome?
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Which of the following is false regarding the complications of Rh incompatibility? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  Which of the following is FALSE about development of organs after conception?
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Which of the following is TRUE regarding the impact of teratogens?
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  Which of the following statements about teratogens is TRUE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Sarah is a 20 year old college student who is paralyzed from the waist down. She can walk with difficulty with crutches but prefers her wheelchair. Sarah tells you that her condition is due to a birth defect. Which of the following birth defects did Sarah MOST likely have?
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  Two birth defects that are related to a failure of the neural tube to close at about 24 days after conception are -- and --. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Marta recently went to see her doctor and learned that her unborn child was not receiving enough oxygen or nutrients from her. She was informed that there was a problem with the --
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  Prenatal development can be divided into three periods: --, --, and --. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  Mariah had a new baby last month. Mariah cries and worries a lot, is depressed, is not able to sleep well, and has extreme changes in appetite. Given what researchers know about the postpartum period, Mariah:
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  Brie has taken as few drugs as possible during delivery, so she can be alert after her baby is born. She also wants the baby to sleep in her room, so that they can be together after birth. Brie is trying to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Michael and Jessica are having their first child and have told their physician that they would like a rooming-in arrangement. This means that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  Which of the following statements is true of how neurons change in the first years of life?
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  When babies engage in physical activity or use language, some synaptic connections will be strengthened, while the unused ones are replaced by other pathways or disappear. A neuroscientists would identify this process as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  Which of the following statements about infants and REM sleep is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  Sine 1992, the American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that -- to reduce the risk of SIDS
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  A national study of more than 3,000 randomly selected 4 to 24 month olds documented that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  Kimberly, a mother of two, is planning to have a third child. Since both of her children are struggling with weight issues, Kimberly wants to know how she can give her third child a better chance at achieving a healthy weight. You would advocate that she do all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  Some people take Baruti's swollen belly to be a sign that he is well-fed and healthy. But the boy suffers from a condition that causes his vital organs to collect the nutrients that are present, thus depriving other body parts of those nutrients. Baruti's thin, brittle, and colorless hair, swollen feet and stomach, and listless behavior are all tell-tale signs that he suffers from:
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  Pedro and Maria are 7 year olds who live in rural Guatemala. Pedro's mother had taken nutritional supplements when she was pregnant with him. Pedro was also given nutritional supplements as an infant. Maria's parents simply feed her a normal age-appropriate diet. The findings of a study that linked the diets of rural Guatemalan infants with their social development at the time they entered elementary school would indicate that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  Kyle and Amy want their baby to walk early, so they place the baby's favorite toy where the child cannot reach it from a crawling position. Kyle and Amy believe that this will motivate the baby to stand upright to retreive the toy and will thus result in him walking sooner. Their belief is most consistent with the -- view of development. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  Whenever baby Beth hears a loud noise she responds with a -- reflex where she arches her back, throws back her head, flings out her arms and legs, and then rapidly closes her arms and legs. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  3-month old Hermes' mother is Jamaican. She gives him daily massages and stretches his limbs. Robert's mother is Irish-American and does not provide any such physical stimulation. Research in cultural diversity and developmental milestones would suggest that...
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  Jake, age 11 months, is able to pick up cereal and bits of fruit off the tray of his high chair by grasping them with his thumb and forefinger. Jake has developed the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  Baby Jane, three days old, is shown four drawings. One is a bright blue square, one is a white oval, and one is a drawing of a face. In view of Fantz' work, which will she probably prefer to look at?
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  When you see an airplane in the air flying away from you, it appears to get smaller. However, you know that it stays the same size. The difference between your sensation and your perception of the plane illustrates the concept of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  Amber knows that a dinner plate is the same object whether it is flat on the table or standing in the dish drainer. Amber has developed:
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  Winnie is considering the use of anesthesia during the circumcision of her newborn son. She wants to know if newborns can feel pain. What would you tell her?
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  Bo, two months old, weighs 10 pounds. His father wants to know how many calories he should be consuming everyday. What would you tell him?
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  Of the following infants, who is most at risk for SIDS?
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  Melissa is 10 days old. She sleeps about 18 hours a day. She:
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  14-year-old Michael Rehbein had the left hemisphere of his brain removed to end uncontrollable seizures, and gradually his right hemisphere began to reorganize and take over functions that normally occur in the brain's left hemisphere. This case study is cited in the text in order to demonstrate that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  Emily has suffered damage to her temporal lobes due to a fall from the changing table and her doctor has told her parents that this would probably affect her:
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  While scooting on the floor, baby Giovanni fell down the stairs. If she can no longer see, it is likely that her -- lobe was damaged. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  Mark fell down the stairs and the doctor told his parents that his parietal lobe was damaged. Mark's parents were told that he would have difficult with:
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  While watching a football game, Martin jumped up to cheer and dropped baby Theresa to the floor. If she later has trouble with voluntary movement, it could indicate that her -- lobe was damaged. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  On his second birthday, Robbie is 3 feet tall. Approximately how tall is he likely to be as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  Infants control the muscles of their trunk and arms before they control their hands and finers, and they use their whole hands before they can control several fingers. This indicates a -- pattern of growth. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  Infants can see objects before they can control their torso, and they can use their hands long before they can crawl or walk. This would indicate that they have a -- pattern of growth. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  Baby Kendra, who is 6 days old, is presented with two nursing pads. One comes from her mother, and the other has not been used. Which one will Kendra probably prefer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  Which of the following contributes to unhealthy weight gain in infants?
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  In which of the following circumstances is it recommended that a mother should not breastfeed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  Which of the following is an issue in interpreting the benefits of breast feeding that was underscored in a recent large-scale research review?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  Four-month-old infants rely greatly on -- to determine how they will grip an object; 8-month-olds are more likely to use -- as a guide. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  Perceptual constancy is reflected when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  "The Cat in the Hat" study was conducted to investigate if a fetus would prefer a story after birth if the story had been read while the fetus was in the womb. What did they find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  Amanda is 6 days old. Which of the following statements about Amanda's hearing is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  Which of the following statements about perceptual motor coupling in infants is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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