Nurs 200 - Exam 2 - Chapter 27: Asepsis And Infection Control

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1.  The body commonly responds to antigens by producing a
2.  Surgical masks filter only _________ air
3.  _____ is a disease state that restuls from the presence of pathogens. It occurs as a result of a cycllic process consisting of six components.
4.  True or False:The source of infection is always exogenous.
A.
B.
5.  During which stage of infection are the microorganisms growing and multiplying?
6.  The greatest risk of seoconversion (development of antibodies in response to an infection) after a needlestick injury is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following is not true about aerosols?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  ________ destroys all pathogenic organisms except spores. It is used when preparing the skin for a procedure or cleaning a piece of equipment that does not enter a sterile body part.
9.  _____ used to describe a protective procedure that limits the spread of infectous diseases among hospitalized patients, hospital personnel, and visitors was historically used. Hospitals specializing in this procedure have closed.
10.  True or False:There is a cure for latex gloves
A.
B.
11.  Symptoms of systemic infections include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following is is not a typical access site for nosocomial infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  An infection is referred to as _____ when the causative organisms is acquired rom other people.
14.  During which stage of infection are the signs and symptoms nonspecific?
15.  About 8% to 12% of healthcare workers have reported a sensitivity to _____. The cornstarch powder or talc used to make gloves easier to put on makes the sensitivity better/worse(separate answers with a space)
16.  _____ of the organisms is its ability to cause disease
17.  True or False:Alcohol-based handrubs are not as effective in reducing bacterial counts on the hands than does antimicrobial soap.
A.
B.
18.  An infection-control professional (ICP) is not responsible for which of the followign:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which asepsis is considered contaminated if it bears or is suspected of bearing pathogens?
20.  OSHA resquires that healthcare agencies have ____ _____ ____ (PPE), such as gloves, gowns, masks, and protective eyewear, available.
21.  A ______ test determnies which antibiotic is most effective against a resistant microorganism.
22.  Step one of the infection cycle is:
23.  Which of the following is not a measure used by healthcare agencies to reduce the incidence of HAIs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  E. coli is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  [MRSA/VRE] is morelikely to be spread through contaminated surfaces, such as side rails or an overbed table, because it lives much longer in the environment.
26.  True or False:Since iatrogenic infections result from a treatment or diagnostic procedure, all nosocomial infections are iatrogenic.
A.
B.
27.  ____ for growth and multiplication of microorganisms is the natural habitat of the organism. It could be humans, animals, soil, food, water, milk, and inanimate objects.
28.  Linzolid (Zyvox), administered orally or by IV, is effectively used to treat this species of resistant microorganisms (the nonresistant species is often found in normal intestinal and female genita tracts)
29.  The third step of the infection process is:
30.  Hi you_____ asepsis techniques are appropriate for most procedures in the home.
31.   Which of the following statements is false?
32.  In humans, which of the following is not a common portals of exit or escape routes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which asepsis is considered contaminated if it is touched by any object that is not without pathogens, microorganisms, and spores.
34.  An infection had is acquired during the course of treatment for other conditions that was not noted to be present upon admission is known as a:
35.  Which of the following is not a most common source for nosocomial infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Wich types of mask rilter inspitred air in addition to filtering expired air?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Bacteria that normally cause no problem but, with certain factors, may potentially be harmful are reffered to as ______.
38.  An infection is referred to as _____ when it results from a treatment or diagnostic procedure.
39.  ______ transmission is when an infected host coughs, sneezes, or talks and less than 5um
40.  MRSA and VRE are most often transmitted by _____.
41.  The term _____ is used specifically to indicate an infection originating or takng place in a hospital.
42.  What is the most effective way to help prevent the spread of organisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Nonhuman carriers that transmit organisms from one host ot another are known as
44.  True or False:HAIs are the same as nosocomial infections
A.
B.
C.
45.  Lymphocytes are a type of celll-mediated defense, or also known as:
46.  Most bacteria are aerobic or anaerobic?
47.  The precautions used in the care of all hospitalized individuals regardless of their diagnosis or possible infectous status and were set forth by the CDC.
48.  The practice of _____ includes all activities to prevent infection or break the chain of infection
49.  Most healthcare-associated infections are caused by which microorganisms?
50.  Specific signs and symptoms occur at which stage of infection?
51.  The sixth part of the infection cycle is:
52.  The fifth step on the infection process:
53.  Contaminated inanimate objects are
54.  True or False:Gloves are a good substitute for good hand hygiene
A.
B.
55.  Which of the following isn't one of the body's lines of defense against infection?
56.  True or False:A high RN-to-patient ratio has a higher correlation of HAIs.
A.
B.
57.  Urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and bloodstream infections are the three most common sources for ______ infections.
58.  What is a disease-producing microorganism
59.  Which of the following is not involved in breaking the cycle of infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which government agency requires that employers offier HBV vaccine free of charge to employees, establishes minimum health and safety standards for works, regulations for use of universal precautions in settings in which occupational exposures to blood were possible.
61.  Which of the following is not true about transmission-based precautions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  An infection is referred to as _____ when the causative organism comes from microbial life harboured in the person.
63.  What is the most significant and most ocmmonly ovbserved infection-causing agent in healthcare institutions?
64.  These CDC precausions are used in addition to standard precausions for patients in the hospital with suspected infection with pathogens that can be transmitted by airborne, droplet, or contact routes.
65.  True or False:A mask is worn only once but can be lowered around the neck and then brought back over the mouth and nose for reuse.
A.
B.
66.  True or False:Most states have a mandatory public reporting of HAIs.
A.
B.
67.  Double gloving is recommended if the healtcare worker is going to be exposed to ____ or ____ fluids. (separate answers with a space)
68.  Which stage of infection is the interval between the pathogen's invasion of the body and the appearance of symptoms?
69.  The second component of the infection cycle is:
70.  Which of the following is okay to do when wearing gloves?
71.  Before pouring a sterile solution from a bottle that has been previously used, ____ it by pouring a small amount out into a waste receptable to "clean" the rim of the bottle.
72.  Some humans are reservoirs for the infectious agent but do not exhibit any manifestations of the disease, they are called:
73.  True or False:A person may continually pass through the four phases with the same infectious process, based on only one infectious exposure.
A.
B.
74.  The fourth part of the infection cycle is:
75.  Transmission can be through:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Lice or mosquitos can be a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Which of the following is the most serious of the listed antibiotic-resistant organisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Which of the following is untrue about surgical asepsis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Gram-_____ bacteria are stained purple because they have thick cell walls that resist decolourization.
80.  During which stage of infection is the person most infectous?
81.  Which period is considered the recovery period.
82.  When an organism becomes attached to dust particles it is considered a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Which of these is untrue about medical asepsis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which of the follownig is not used to categorize bacteria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  True or False:A new RN is more likely to adhere to hand hygiene techniques than a long-time employed RN
A.
B.
86.  What classification of bacteria, although usually easily removed by thorough handwashing, when they are present in large numbers over a long period of time can become resident bacteria.
87.  Which type of precautions is used for a patient whose immune system is compromised (eg one recovering from transplant surgery or receiving chemotherapy)
88.  Small-particle droplet _____ can remain suspended in the air and travel longer distanches than aerosols.
89.  Droplet transmission is similar to airborne transmission, but it is larger than ____um
90.  Antigens and antibodies are part of the body's _____ response
91.  _____ nails are not recommended because they harbour more bacteria than do natural nails. They are also at risk for funcgal infection in the nail bed and are associated with less vigorous scrubbing.
92.  The entry route is usually _____ exit route.
A.
B.
C.
93.  The smallest of all microorganisms, visible only with an electron microscope is a
94.  The foreign material that stimulates an immune response is called a
95.  Fungi are present in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Most sterile solutions are considered sterile for ____ hours after being opened.
97.  What classification of bacteria has the potential to adjust to the environment
98.  Which is not a disinfecting method available for use in the home?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  The correct progression of an infection phases is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  _____ destroys all microorganisms including spores
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