Nurs 200 - Exam 2 - Chapter 27: Asepsis And Infection Control

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1.  The fourth part of the infection cycle is:
2.  ____ for growth and multiplication of microorganisms is the natural habitat of the organism. It could be humans, animals, soil, food, water, milk, and inanimate objects.
3.  Which of the following is not true about transmission-based precautions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Transmission can be through:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Nonhuman carriers that transmit organisms from one host ot another are known as
6.  _____ destroys all microorganisms including spores
7.  Which of the following is not a most common source for nosocomial infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Surgical masks filter only _________ air
9.  Before pouring a sterile solution from a bottle that has been previously used, ____ it by pouring a small amount out into a waste receptable to "clean" the rim of the bottle.
10.  These CDC precausions are used in addition to standard precausions for patients in the hospital with suspected infection with pathogens that can be transmitted by airborne, droplet, or contact routes.
11.  An infection is referred to as _____ when it results from a treatment or diagnostic procedure.
12.  What is the most significant and most ocmmonly ovbserved infection-causing agent in healthcare institutions?
13.  What classification of bacteria has the potential to adjust to the environment
14.  In humans, which of the following is not a common portals of exit or escape routes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and bloodstream infections are the three most common sources for ______ infections.
16.  Double gloving is recommended if the healtcare worker is going to be exposed to ____ or ____ fluids. (separate answers with a space)
17.  During which stage of infection are the signs and symptoms nonspecific?
18.  The second component of the infection cycle is:
19.  True or False:A person may continually pass through the four phases with the same infectious process, based on only one infectious exposure.
A.
B.
20.  Symptoms of systemic infections include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following isn't one of the body's lines of defense against infection?
22.  Which of the following is not a measure used by healthcare agencies to reduce the incidence of HAIs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which asepsis is considered contaminated if it is touched by any object that is not without pathogens, microorganisms, and spores.
24.  True or False:HAIs are the same as nosocomial infections
A.
B.
C.
25.  The term _____ is used specifically to indicate an infection originating or takng place in a hospital.
26.  A ______ test determnies which antibiotic is most effective against a resistant microorganism.
27.  Which of the following is the most serious of the listed antibiotic-resistant organisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which type of precautions is used for a patient whose immune system is compromised (eg one recovering from transplant surgery or receiving chemotherapy)
29.  Gram-_____ bacteria are stained purple because they have thick cell walls that resist decolourization.
30.  Antigens and antibodies are part of the body's _____ response
31.  During which stage of infection is the person most infectous?
32.  Most sterile solutions are considered sterile for ____ hours after being opened.
33.  True or False:The source of infection is always exogenous.
A.
B.
34.  _____ of the organisms is its ability to cause disease
35.  Which of the following is not true about aerosols?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  _____ nails are not recommended because they harbour more bacteria than do natural nails. They are also at risk for funcgal infection in the nail bed and are associated with less vigorous scrubbing.
37.  The smallest of all microorganisms, visible only with an electron microscope is a
38.  ______ transmission is when an infected host coughs, sneezes, or talks and less than 5um
39.  The entry route is usually _____ exit route.
A.
B.
C.
40.   Which of the following statements is false?
41.  Droplet transmission is similar to airborne transmission, but it is larger than ____um
42.  [MRSA/VRE] is morelikely to be spread through contaminated surfaces, such as side rails or an overbed table, because it lives much longer in the environment.
43.  Wich types of mask rilter inspitred air in addition to filtering expired air?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Small-particle droplet _____ can remain suspended in the air and travel longer distanches than aerosols.
45.  ________ destroys all pathogenic organisms except spores. It is used when preparing the skin for a procedure or cleaning a piece of equipment that does not enter a sterile body part.
46.  Which of the following is not involved in breaking the cycle of infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Bacteria that normally cause no problem but, with certain factors, may potentially be harmful are reffered to as ______.
48.  An infection is referred to as _____ when the causative organism comes from microbial life harboured in the person.
49.  Which asepsis is considered contaminated if it bears or is suspected of bearing pathogens?
50.  About 8% to 12% of healthcare workers have reported a sensitivity to _____. The cornstarch powder or talc used to make gloves easier to put on makes the sensitivity better/worse(separate answers with a space)
51.  Which government agency requires that employers offier HBV vaccine free of charge to employees, establishes minimum health and safety standards for works, regulations for use of universal precautions in settings in which occupational exposures to blood were possible.
52.  True or False:Gloves are a good substitute for good hand hygiene
A.
B.
53.  True or False:There is a cure for latex gloves
A.
B.
54.  During which stage of infection are the microorganisms growing and multiplying?
55.  Specific signs and symptoms occur at which stage of infection?
56.  Step one of the infection cycle is:
57.  True or False:Since iatrogenic infections result from a treatment or diagnostic procedure, all nosocomial infections are iatrogenic.
A.
B.
58.  The third step of the infection process is:
59.  True or False:Most states have a mandatory public reporting of HAIs.
A.
B.
60.  What is the most effective way to help prevent the spread of organisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Lice or mosquitos can be a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  E. coli is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Fungi are present in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  _____ used to describe a protective procedure that limits the spread of infectous diseases among hospitalized patients, hospital personnel, and visitors was historically used. Hospitals specializing in this procedure have closed.
65.  Hi you_____ asepsis techniques are appropriate for most procedures in the home.
66.  The sixth part of the infection cycle is:
67.  The precautions used in the care of all hospitalized individuals regardless of their diagnosis or possible infectous status and were set forth by the CDC.
68.  The correct progression of an infection phases is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  True or False:A mask is worn only once but can be lowered around the neck and then brought back over the mouth and nose for reuse.
A.
B.
70.  Which period is considered the recovery period.
71.  Contaminated inanimate objects are
72.  Some humans are reservoirs for the infectious agent but do not exhibit any manifestations of the disease, they are called:
73.  _____ is a disease state that restuls from the presence of pathogens. It occurs as a result of a cycllic process consisting of six components.
74.  Linzolid (Zyvox), administered orally or by IV, is effectively used to treat this species of resistant microorganisms (the nonresistant species is often found in normal intestinal and female genita tracts)
75.  Most healthcare-associated infections are caused by which microorganisms?
76.  What classification of bacteria, although usually easily removed by thorough handwashing, when they are present in large numbers over a long period of time can become resident bacteria.
77.  An infection-control professional (ICP) is not responsible for which of the followign:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Which stage of infection is the interval between the pathogen's invasion of the body and the appearance of symptoms?
79.  MRSA and VRE are most often transmitted by _____.
80.  The greatest risk of seoconversion (development of antibodies in response to an infection) after a needlestick injury is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  True or False:A new RN is more likely to adhere to hand hygiene techniques than a long-time employed RN
A.
B.
82.  Most bacteria are aerobic or anaerobic?
83.  Which of the following is untrue about surgical asepsis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which of the following is is not a typical access site for nosocomial infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  True or False:A high RN-to-patient ratio has a higher correlation of HAIs.
A.
B.
86.  The practice of _____ includes all activities to prevent infection or break the chain of infection
87.  The foreign material that stimulates an immune response is called a
88.  Which is not a disinfecting method available for use in the home?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Which of these is untrue about medical asepsis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  What is a disease-producing microorganism
91.  An infection is referred to as _____ when the causative organisms is acquired rom other people.
92.  Which of the follownig is not used to categorize bacteria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  OSHA resquires that healthcare agencies have ____ _____ ____ (PPE), such as gloves, gowns, masks, and protective eyewear, available.
94.  When an organism becomes attached to dust particles it is considered a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  The body commonly responds to antigens by producing a
96.  True or False:Alcohol-based handrubs are not as effective in reducing bacterial counts on the hands than does antimicrobial soap.
A.
B.
97.  The fifth step on the infection process:
98.  An infection had is acquired during the course of treatment for other conditions that was not noted to be present upon admission is known as a:
99.  Lymphocytes are a type of celll-mediated defense, or also known as:
100.  Which of the following is okay to do when wearing gloves?
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