Nurs 200 - Exam 2 - Chapter 27: Asepsis And Infection Control

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1.  Which of the following is not a measure used by healthcare agencies to reduce the incidence of HAIs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Antigens and antibodies are part of the body's _____ response
3.  An infection-control professional (ICP) is not responsible for which of the followign:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  True or False:The source of infection is always exogenous.
A.
B.
5.  OSHA resquires that healthcare agencies have ____ _____ ____ (PPE), such as gloves, gowns, masks, and protective eyewear, available.
6.  Which of the following is okay to do when wearing gloves?
7.  Which of the following is the most serious of the listed antibiotic-resistant organisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  [MRSA/VRE] is morelikely to be spread through contaminated surfaces, such as side rails or an overbed table, because it lives much longer in the environment.
9.  An infection is referred to as _____ when the causative organisms is acquired rom other people.
10.  Which of the following is not true about transmission-based precautions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following is untrue about surgical asepsis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Symptoms of systemic infections include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Fungi are present in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the follownig is not used to categorize bacteria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Nonhuman carriers that transmit organisms from one host ot another are known as
16.  During which stage of infection is the person most infectous?
17.  What classification of bacteria has the potential to adjust to the environment
18.  _____ destroys all microorganisms including spores
19.  Double gloving is recommended if the healtcare worker is going to be exposed to ____ or ____ fluids. (separate answers with a space)
20.  ________ destroys all pathogenic organisms except spores. It is used when preparing the skin for a procedure or cleaning a piece of equipment that does not enter a sterile body part.
21.  What classification of bacteria, although usually easily removed by thorough handwashing, when they are present in large numbers over a long period of time can become resident bacteria.
22.  The entry route is usually _____ exit route.
A.
B.
C.
23.  Which government agency requires that employers offier HBV vaccine free of charge to employees, establishes minimum health and safety standards for works, regulations for use of universal precautions in settings in which occupational exposures to blood were possible.
24.  An infection had is acquired during the course of treatment for other conditions that was not noted to be present upon admission is known as a:
25.  An infection is referred to as _____ when it results from a treatment or diagnostic procedure.
26.  The smallest of all microorganisms, visible only with an electron microscope is a
27.  Which of the following is not a most common source for nosocomial infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  During which stage of infection are the microorganisms growing and multiplying?
29.  Which of the following is not true about aerosols?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  True or False:Alcohol-based handrubs are not as effective in reducing bacterial counts on the hands than does antimicrobial soap.
A.
B.
31.  An infection is referred to as _____ when the causative organism comes from microbial life harboured in the person.
32.  What is the most effective way to help prevent the spread of organisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  What is a disease-producing microorganism
34.  Small-particle droplet _____ can remain suspended in the air and travel longer distanches than aerosols.
35.  True or False:Gloves are a good substitute for good hand hygiene
A.
B.
36.  The term _____ is used specifically to indicate an infection originating or takng place in a hospital.
37.  True or False:Since iatrogenic infections result from a treatment or diagnostic procedure, all nosocomial infections are iatrogenic.
A.
B.
38.  Droplet transmission is similar to airborne transmission, but it is larger than ____um
39.  The foreign material that stimulates an immune response is called a
40.  Which of these is untrue about medical asepsis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Linzolid (Zyvox), administered orally or by IV, is effectively used to treat this species of resistant microorganisms (the nonresistant species is often found in normal intestinal and female genita tracts)
42.  Wich types of mask rilter inspitred air in addition to filtering expired air?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The body commonly responds to antigens by producing a
44.  Some humans are reservoirs for the infectious agent but do not exhibit any manifestations of the disease, they are called:
45.  Which stage of infection is the interval between the pathogen's invasion of the body and the appearance of symptoms?
46.  Contaminated inanimate objects are
47.  The fifth step on the infection process:
48.  The precautions used in the care of all hospitalized individuals regardless of their diagnosis or possible infectous status and were set forth by the CDC.
49.  Lice or mosquitos can be a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  MRSA and VRE are most often transmitted by _____.
51.  True or False:A mask is worn only once but can be lowered around the neck and then brought back over the mouth and nose for reuse.
A.
B.
52.  Most sterile solutions are considered sterile for ____ hours after being opened.
53.  These CDC precausions are used in addition to standard precausions for patients in the hospital with suspected infection with pathogens that can be transmitted by airborne, droplet, or contact routes.
54.  Which of the following isn't one of the body's lines of defense against infection?
55.  _____ of the organisms is its ability to cause disease
56.  _____ nails are not recommended because they harbour more bacteria than do natural nails. They are also at risk for funcgal infection in the nail bed and are associated with less vigorous scrubbing.
57.  When an organism becomes attached to dust particles it is considered a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Step one of the infection cycle is:
59.  The third step of the infection process is:
60.  Surgical masks filter only _________ air
61.  Which type of precautions is used for a patient whose immune system is compromised (eg one recovering from transplant surgery or receiving chemotherapy)
62.  Most healthcare-associated infections are caused by which microorganisms?
63.  _____ used to describe a protective procedure that limits the spread of infectous diseases among hospitalized patients, hospital personnel, and visitors was historically used. Hospitals specializing in this procedure have closed.
64.  Gram-_____ bacteria are stained purple because they have thick cell walls that resist decolourization.
65.  Before pouring a sterile solution from a bottle that has been previously used, ____ it by pouring a small amount out into a waste receptable to "clean" the rim of the bottle.
66.  True or False:HAIs are the same as nosocomial infections
A.
B.
C.
67.  Most bacteria are aerobic or anaerobic?
68.  The second component of the infection cycle is:
69.  Bacteria that normally cause no problem but, with certain factors, may potentially be harmful are reffered to as ______.
70.  True or False:Most states have a mandatory public reporting of HAIs.
A.
B.
71.  The sixth part of the infection cycle is:
72.  What is the most significant and most ocmmonly ovbserved infection-causing agent in healthcare institutions?
73.  During which stage of infection are the signs and symptoms nonspecific?
74.  Which asepsis is considered contaminated if it bears or is suspected of bearing pathogens?
75.  ____ for growth and multiplication of microorganisms is the natural habitat of the organism. It could be humans, animals, soil, food, water, milk, and inanimate objects.
76.  A ______ test determnies which antibiotic is most effective against a resistant microorganism.
77.  E. coli is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Which period is considered the recovery period.
79.  ______ transmission is when an infected host coughs, sneezes, or talks and less than 5um
80.  True or False:There is a cure for latex gloves
A.
B.
81.  Urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and bloodstream infections are the three most common sources for ______ infections.
82.  The fourth part of the infection cycle is:
83.  In humans, which of the following is not a common portals of exit or escape routes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Hi you_____ asepsis techniques are appropriate for most procedures in the home.
85.  Lymphocytes are a type of celll-mediated defense, or also known as:
86.  True or False:A person may continually pass through the four phases with the same infectious process, based on only one infectious exposure.
A.
B.
87.  Which is not a disinfecting method available for use in the home?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  About 8% to 12% of healthcare workers have reported a sensitivity to _____. The cornstarch powder or talc used to make gloves easier to put on makes the sensitivity better/worse(separate answers with a space)
89.   Which of the following statements is false?
90.  Which asepsis is considered contaminated if it is touched by any object that is not without pathogens, microorganisms, and spores.
91.  True or False:A new RN is more likely to adhere to hand hygiene techniques than a long-time employed RN
A.
B.
92.  _____ is a disease state that restuls from the presence of pathogens. It occurs as a result of a cycllic process consisting of six components.
93.  The practice of _____ includes all activities to prevent infection or break the chain of infection
94.  Which of the following is not involved in breaking the cycle of infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  The greatest risk of seoconversion (development of antibodies in response to an infection) after a needlestick injury is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Specific signs and symptoms occur at which stage of infection?
97.  Which of the following is is not a typical access site for nosocomial infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  The correct progression of an infection phases is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Transmission can be through:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  True or False:A high RN-to-patient ratio has a higher correlation of HAIs.
A.
B.
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