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Mitosis And Meiosis - ChAPters 12-13 - AP Biology

40 Questions  I  By Muitran
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mitosis and meiosis - chAPters 12-13 - AP biology

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1.  Select the term below that is most closely related to this phrase: a general term for enzymes that activate or inactivate other proteins by phosphorylating them     A.    PDGF     B.    MPF     C.    protein kinase     D.    cyclin     E.    Cdk
2.  Which of the following statements about crossing over is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  You isolate DNA from three different cell types of an organism, determine the relative DNA content for each type, and plot the results on the graph shown here: During meiosis, cells go from what number to what number?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Where do the microtubules of the spindle originate during mitosis in both plant and animal cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  In the figure above, mitosis is represented by which number?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.                  A.     telophase                 B.     anaphase                 C.     prometaphase                 D.     metaphase                 E.     prophase   Choose the answer from above that best fits this description: Centromeres uncouple, sister chromatids are separated, and the two new chromosomes move to opposite poles of the cell.
7.  Match the following statement with one of the statements below: Independent assortment of chromosomes occurs.     A.    The statement is true for mitosis only.     B.    The statement is true for meiosis I only.     C.    The statement is true for meiosis II only.     D.    The statement is true for mitosis and meiosis I.     E.    The statement is true for mitosis and meiosis II.
8.  Select the term below that is most closely related to this phrase: released by platelets in the vicinity of an injury     A.    PDGF     B.    MPF     C.    protein kinase     D.    cyclin     E.    Cdk
9.  Asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction are different in that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of the following is an example of alternation of generations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  A particular cyclin called cyclin E forms a complex with a cyclin-dependent kinase called Cdk 2.  This complex is important for the progression of the cell from G1 into the S phase of the cell cycle.  Which of the following statements is correct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Select the term below that is most closely related to this phrase: the shortest part of the cell cycle     A.    G0     B.    G1     C.    S     D.    G2     E.    M
13.  What is a chromatid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Select the term below that is most closely related to this phrase: The cyclin component of MPF is destroyed toward the end of this phase.     A.    G0     B.    G1     C.    S     D.    G2     E.    M
15.  Which of the following happens at the conclusion of meiosis I?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The human X and Y chromosomes are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  You have in your possession a microscope slide with meiotic cells on it and a light microscope. What would you look for if you wanted to identify metaphase I cells on the slide?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which diagram represents prophase I of meiosis?
19.  Independent assortment of chromosomes is a result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  In which group of eukaryotic organisms does the nuclear envelope remain intact during mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following is (are) true concerning cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Crossing over occurs during which phase of meiosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  How do the two members of a pair of homologous chromosomes differ from each other?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The formation of a cell plate is beginning across the middle of a cell and nuclei are re-forming at opposite ends of the cell. What kind of cell is this?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which number represents the point in the cell cycle during which the chromosomes are replicated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  You isolate DNA from three different cell types of an organism, determine the relative DNA content for each type, and plot the results on the graph shown here: If the cells were from a plant, which sample might represent a gametophyte cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following is missing from the life cycle progression shown below?  sporophyte-meiosis-spore-________-gametophyte-mitosis-gametes- fertilization-zygote
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The lettered circle in the figure above shows a diploid nucleus with four chromosomes. There are two pairs of homologous chromosomes, one long and the other short. One haploid set is symbolized as black and the other haploid set is gray. The chromosomes in the unlettered circle have not yet replicated. Choose the correct chromosomal conditions for the following stage. *At prometaphase of mitosis
29.  Regarding mitosis and cytokinesis, one difference between higher plants and animals is that in plants
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  After telophase I of meiosis, the chromosomal makeup of each daughter cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  You isolate DNA from three different cell types of an organism, determine the relative DNA content for each type, and plot the results on the graph shown here: Which sample might represent a sperm cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Match the following key event of meiosis with one of the stages listed below:  Tetrads of chromosomes are aligned at the center of the cell; independent assortment soon follows.     I.    prophase I       V.    prophase II     II.   metaphase I    VI.    metaphase II     III.   anaphase I     VII.    anaphase II     IV.  telophase I     VIII.    telophase II
33.                  A.     telophase                 B.     anaphase                 C.     prometaphase                 D.     metaphase                 E.     prophase   Choose the answer from above that best fits this description: Centrioles begin to move apart in animal cells.
34.  Which drawing represents anaphase of mitosis?
35.  Imagine looking through a microscope at a squashed onion root tip. The chromosomes of many of the cells are plainly visible. In some cells, replicated chromosomes are aligned along the center (equator) of the cell. These particular cells are in which stage of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  What is the name of enzymes that control the activities of other proteins by phosphorylating them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which number represents DNA synthesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  In animals, meiosis results in gametes, and fertilization results in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which drawing represents a stage of meiosis in which independent assortment might occur if there were more than one pair of chromosomes represented?
40.  Which of the following is true concerning cancer cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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