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Mitosis And Meiosis - ChAPters 12-13 - AP Biology

40 Questions  I  By Muitran
mitosis and meiosis - chAPters 12-13 - AP biology

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1.  After telophase I of meiosis, the chromosomal makeup of each daughter cell is
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2.  You isolate DNA from three different cell types of an organism, determine the relative DNA content for each type, and plot the results on the graph shown here: Which sample might represent an animal cell in G2 phase of the cell cycle?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  You have in your possession a microscope slide with meiotic cells on it and a light microscope. What would you look for if you wanted to identify metaphase I cells on the slide?
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4.  During which phases of mitosis are chromosomes composed of two chromatids?
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5.  Asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction are different in that
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6.  Which of the life cycles is typical for most fungi and some protists?
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7.  A mutation results in a cell that no longer produces a normal protein kinase for the M phase checkpoint. Which of the following would likely be the immediate result of this mutation?
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8.  You isolate DNA from three different cell types of an organism, determine the relative DNA content for each type, and plot the results on the graph shown here: Which sample might represent a sperm cell?
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B.
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D.
E.
9.  Select the term below that is most closely related to this phrase: the shortest part of the cell cycle     A.    G0     B.    G1     C.    S     D.    G2     E.    M
10.  Which of the following is the term for a human cell that contains 22 pairs of autosomes and two X chromosomes?
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B.
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11.  For a species with a haploid number of 23 chromosomes, how many different combinations of maternal and paternal chromosomes are possible for the gametes?
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12.  Match the following statement with one of the statements below: Homologous chromosomes synapse and crossing over occurs.     A.    The statement is true for mitosis only.     B.    The statement is true for meiosis I only.     C.    The statement is true for meiosis II only.     D.    The statement is true for mitosis and meiosis I.     E.    The statement is true for mitosis and meiosis II.
13.  Which of the following occurs in meiosis but not in mitosis?
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B.
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14.  Which of these statements is false?
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15.  What is a genome?
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16.  Select the term below that is most closely related to this phrase: Fibroblasts have receptors for this substance on their plasma membranes.     A.    PDGF     B.    MPF     C.    protein kinase     D.    cyclin     E.    Cdk
17.  How do cells at the completion of meiosis compare with cells that have replicated their DNA and are just about to begin meiosis?
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18.  What causes the decrease in the amount of cyclin at a specific point in the cell cycle?
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19.  In animals, meiosis results in gametes, and fertilization results in
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20.  A group of cells is assayed for DNA content immediately following mitosis and is found to have an average of 8 picograms of DNA per nucleus. Those cells would have ________ picograms at the end of the S phase and ________ picograms at the end of G2.
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21.                  A.     telophase                 B.     anaphase                 C.     prometaphase                 D.     metaphase                 E.     prophase   Choose the answer from above that best fits this description: Centrioles begin to move apart in animal cells.
22.  Select the term below that is most closely related to this phrase: a protein synthesized at specific times during the cell cycle that associates with a kinase to form a catalytically active complex     A.    PDGF     B.    MPF     C.    protein kinase     D.    cyclin     E.    Cdk
23.  Which of the following is false regarding the bacterial chromosome?
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B.
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24.  If a cell has 8 chromosomes at metaphase of mitosis, how many chromosomes will it have during anaphase?
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25.  Which number represents the point in the cell cycle during which the chromosomes are replicated?
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26.  Which of the following is (are) true concerning cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)?
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27.  All of the following occur during mitosis except the
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28.  Match the following key event of meiosis with one of the stages listed below: Centromeres of sister chromatids uncouple and chromatids separate.     I.    prophase I       V.    prophase II     II.   metaphase I    VI.    metaphase II     III.   anaphase I     VII.    anaphase II     IV.  telophase I     VIII.    telophase II
29.  Movement of the chromosomes during anaphase would be most affected by a drug that
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30.  Which of the following happens at the conclusion of meiosis I?
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31.  Which of the following organisms does not reproduce cells by mitosis and cytokinesis?
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32.  You isolate DNA from three different cell types of an organism, determine the relative DNA content for each type, and plot the results on the graph shown here: During mitosis, diploid cells go from what number to what number?
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B.
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33.  You isolate DNA from three different cell types of an organism, determine the relative DNA content for each type, and plot the results on the graph shown here: During meiosis, cells go from what number to what number?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Select the term below that is most closely related to this phrase: The cyclin component of MPF is destroyed toward the end of this phase.     A.    G0     B.    G1     C.    S     D.    G2     E.    M
35.  Select the term below that is most closely related to this phrase: Nerve and muscle cells are in this phase.     A.    G0     B.    G1     C.    S     D.    G2     E.    M
36.  The correct sequence of steps in the M phase of the cell cycle is
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37.  Which of the life cycles is typical for plants and some algae?
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E.
38.                  A.     telophase                 B.     anaphase                 C.     prometaphase                 D.     metaphase                 E.     prophase   Choose the answer from above that best fits this description: Centromeres uncouple, sister chromatids are separated, and the two new chromosomes move to opposite poles of the cell.
39.  If there are 20 chromatids in a cell, how many centromeres are there?
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40.  Cytokinesis usually, but not always, follows mitosis. If a cell completed mitosis but not cytokinesis, the result would be a cell with
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