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Mental Health Test 2

165 Questions
Mental Health Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Spiritual hunger can best be defined as
    • A. 

      A yearning to know all of life’s answers in the darkest of hours

    • B. 

      A calling to be a priest, nun, or monk in times of crisis

    • C. 

      A search for that which cannot be found in one’s traditional religion

    • D. 

      A rebellious attitude about life in which one views apparent hypocrisy

  • 2. 
    This is not thought to be a factor in the mass raising of spiritual consciousness evident today.
    • A. 

      The first lunar landing

    • B. 

      The telecommunications age

    • C. 

      The invasion of Tibet by China

    • D. 

      The atomic bomb devastation in Japan

  • 3. 
    Spirituality can best be defined as follows:
    • A. 

      One’s first breath

    • B. 

      Transcendence, higher consciousness, compassion, and enlightenment

    • C. 

      A gift to accompany one through life

    • D. 

      At this time, we do not have an adequate definition of this term

  • 4. 
    Synchronicityis a term that means:
    • A. 

      A clairvoyant experience or déjà vu phenomenon

    • B. 

      A chronological series of unrelated events in different locales

    • C. 

      Two unrelated, but meaningful events that occur within the same time period

    • D. 

      An unconscious message of intuition that helps one solve problems

  • 5. 
    Carl Jung believed specifically that:
    • A. 

      People create their own reality at an unconscious level

    • B. 

      There is a spiritual element to human nature

    • C. 

      Two unrelated events can have significant meaning

    • D. 

      Divine wisdom resides at the level of the collective unconscious

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    The order of M. Scott Peck’s stages of spiritual growth is which of the following?
    • A. 

      Chaotic antisocial, skeptic, formal institutional, and mystic communal

    • B. 

      Mystic communal, chaotic antisocial, skeptic, and formal institutional

    • C. 

      Skeptic, chaotic antisocial, formal institutional, and mystic communal

    • D. 

      Chaotic antisocial, formal institutional, skeptic, and mystic communal

  • 7. 
    According to M. Scott Peck, a person who sees God’s will in terms of punishment and reward would fall in this category.
    • A. 

      Formal institutional individual

    • B. 

      Chaotic antisocial individual

    • C. 

      Mystic communal individual

    • D. 

      Skeptic individual

  • 8. 
    The first premise of Mother Earth Spirituality suggests that:
    • A. 

      We are caretakers of the earth

    • B. 

      Each person takes a vision quest to connect with Mother Earth

    • C. 

      The earth is a living organism to be honored

    • D. 

      One must follow the sacred path of the medicine wheel

  • 9. 
    According to Hildegard von Bingen, the path of human spirituality can best be summed up as:
    • A. 

      The same as Joan Borysenko’s

    • B. 

      A slow conversion to the light

    • C. 

      God is a female deity

    • D. 

      A mystical experience

  • 10. 
    According to Matthew Fox, Via Creativa is best described as:
    • A. 

      A sense of completion of a creative project

    • B. 

      A sense of enlightenment

    • C. 

      A sense of compassion

    • D. 

      A sense of awe and wonder of all creation

  • 11. 
    How many laws of spirituality are there according to Deepak Chopra?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      5

    • D. 

      7

    • E. 

      9

  • 12. 
    According to Joseph Campbell, this is the progression of the hero’s journey:
    • A. 

      Departure, struggle, and conquer

    • B. 

      Departure, initiation, and return

    • C. 

      Decoding the mythology of life

    • D. 

      Following one’s bliss

  • 13. 
    Once defining stress as an inability to cope, stress expert Joan Borysenko now defines stress as:
    • A. 

      An imbalance between the conscious and unconscious minds

    • B. 

      An imbalance of mind, body, and spirit

    • C. 

      A lack of harmony due to guilt

    • D. 

      A lack of connectedness

  • 14. 
    The philosophy of Taoism advocates:
    • A. 

      A balance of opposites

    • B. 

      Inner peace for wholeness

    • C. 

      To embrace life joyously

    • D. 

      A and C

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    Spiritually speaking, Einstein’s Theory of Relativity suggests that:
    • A. 

      All things connect through some point of energy

    • B. 

      Consciousness may actually be a form of energy

    • C. 

      Spiritual matters are not bound by space and time

    • D. 

      All matter, comprised of energy, has a spiritual quality to it

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    The correct sequence for a stress-management technique to address spiritual well-being is:
    • A. 

      Emptying, grounding, centering, and connecting

    • B. 

      Centering, emptying, grounding, and connecting

    • C. 

      Grounding, centering, emptying, and connecting

    • D. 

      Connecting, grounding, centering, and emptying

  • 17. 
    This process is one where insight and enlightenment may occur:
    • A. 

      The centering process

    • B. 

      The connecting process

    • C. 

      The grounding process

    • D. 

      The emptying process

  • 18. 
    This is considered to be the most painful or stressful of the four steps in the soul growth process:
    • A. 

      The connecting process

    • B. 

      The grounding process

    • C. 

      The centering process

    • D. 

      The emptying process

  • 19. 
    Spiritual potentialis best described as:
    • A. 

      The utilization of one’s outer resources in times of stress

    • B. 

      A manifestation of spirituality to be used in times of stress

    • C. 

      The utilization of one’s inner resources in times of stress

    • D. 

      A collection of inner resources to be used in times of stress

  • 20. 
    This is the fourth pillar of human spirituality:
    • A. 

      Mysticism

    • B. 

      Forgiveness

    • C. 

      Transcendence

    • D. 

      Unconditional love

  • 21. 
    Current research on spirituality deals primarily with:
    • A. 

      Altruism

    • B. 

      Religiosity

    • C. 

      Fifth healing

    • D. 

      Forgiveness

  • 22. 
    Jung’s idea of the shadow is that we all have a dark side of our personality that we need to come to terms with in order to be whole.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Native American spirituality suggests that God or a divine essence resides in all living and nonliving matter.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    In Matthew Fox’s concept of Creation Spirituality, Via Transformativa is the path where we are cocreators for a better world.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    In Joan Borysenko’s view, fear is the greatest roadblock to the path to one’s higher self.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Joan Borysenko has evolved her theory to include the mystical aspects of human spirituality, including UFOs and the search for the Holy Grail.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    From the theology of Jesus of Nazareth, we learn that of faith, hope, and love—love is the greatest aspect of human existence.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    Joseph Campbell believed that the spiritual hunger seen today is a result of a disconnection with our mythology.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    Many of the characteristics of Taoism closely parallel characteristics of Maslow’s theory of self-actualization.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    Theories based on Einstein’s Theory of Relativity lend credence to the idea that consciousness has a spiritual quality to it—an unnamed energy that goes beyond the limits of space and time.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    The centering process is where “enlightenment” takes place.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    “Killing off the old Gods” is an expression used to explain someone who changes religions in Peck’s Skeptic Individual stage.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Experts agree that finding and accomplishing one’s meaning in life is the true essence of spiritual well-being.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    The fourth pillar of human spirituality is based on the concept of unconditional love.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    By and large, spirituality and religion are basically the same thing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    “Spiritual hunger” encourages one to abandon the religion they were raised with.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    Cognitive restructuring is a term best described as:
    • A. 

      A rethinking process of a stressor

    • B. 

      A decision process to take immediate or postponed action

    • C. 

      A confrontation of a stressor

    • D. 

      A Pollyanna approach toward a stressor

  • 38. 
    • A. 

      Rational thoughts should be balanced with irrational thoughts

    • B. 

      One modifies the internal dialogue for stress inoculation

    • C. 

      Self-defeating thoughts should be balanced with positive thoughts

    • D. 

      Self-defeating thoughts can be changed

  • 39. 
    Reframing, in the form of positive affirmations:
    • A. 

      Helps to balance negative self-talk

    • B. 

      Is an example of self-talk

    • C. 

      Is an example of Pollyanna thinking

    • D. 

      Helps to balance rational and irrational thoughts

  • 40. 
    NLP is best defined as:
    • A. 

      New Linguistic Programming

    • B. 

      Norepinephrine Low Programming

    • C. 

      Neurolinguistic Programming

    • D. 

      Neocortical Light Programming

  • 41. 
    This is not an example of cognitive distortion:
    • A. 

      Pessimism

    • B. 

      Victimization

    • C. 

      Self-talk

    • D. 

      Should-ing

  • 42. 
    This is the suggested order to reconstruct negative thoughts into positive ones:
    • A. 

      Appraise, adopt, reappraise, evaluate

    • B. 

      Evaluation, awareness reappraisal

    • C. 

      Awareness, reappraise, adopt, evaluate

    • D. 

      Awareness, evaluate, adopt, reappraise

  • 43. 
    From his time in the concentration camps, Viktor Frankl learned this simple axiom to help survive:
    • A. 

      “Put on a happy face.”

    • B. 

      “Accentuate the positive, eliminate the negative.”

    • C. 

      “Take responsibility for your own thoughts.”

    • D. 

      “Fine-tune your expectations.”

  • 44. 
    The four stages of cognitive restructuring are:
    • A. 

      Awareness, evaluation, reappraisal, and adoption

    • B. 

      Awareness, acceptance, adoption, and reappraisal

    • C. 

      Awareness, reappraisal, adoption, and evaluation

    • D. 

      Awareness, reappraisal, adoption, and acceptance

  • 45. 
    Studies that observed the interaction between children and their parents showed that, on average, the ratio of negative comments to positive comments was 400 to 1.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    The attribution theory is based on the idea of victimization.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    NLP is based on the concept that language confines thinking.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    Conceptually, “thought stopping” is the same thing as self-talk.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    The conscious mind understands negative thoughts well.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    According the research by Richard Wiseman on the topic of luck, luck and optimism are really the same thing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    This theory of behavior was tested by training dogs with a ringing bell:
    • A. 

      Operant conditioning

    • B. 

      Classical conditioning

    • C. 

      Essential conditioning

    • D. 

      Traditional conditioning

  • 52. 
    This behavioral theory speaks to the nature of voluntary behaviors:
    • A. 

      Essential conditioning

    • B. 

      Operant conditioning

    • C. 

      Traditional conditioning

    • D. 

      Classical conditioning

  • 53. 
    This behavioral theory is based on the admiration of mentors:
    • A. 

      Operant conditioning

    • B. 

      Classical conditioning

    • C. 

      Modeling conditioning

    • D. 

      Traditional conditioning

  • 54. 
    Of the following parts of one’s personality, which one is thought to be most greatly influenced to cope with stress?
    • A. 

      Attitudes

    • B. 

      Beliefs

    • C. 

      Behaviors

    • D. 

      Values

  • 55. 
    This is the suggested order to make positive behavioral changes through the behavioral modification model:
    • A. 

      Denial, evaluate, awareness, desire, cognitive restructuring, substitution

    • B. 

      Denial, awareness, desire, cognitive restructuring, substitution, evaluate

    • C. 

      Denial, desire, awareness, cognitive restructuring, substitution, evaluate

    • D. 

      Denial, evaluate, desire, awareness, cognitive restructuring, substitution

  • 56. 
    Assertiveness can best be described as:
    • A. 

      An expression of self-esteem

    • B. 

      Expressing personal rights and feelings

    • C. 

      That which is neither passive nor aggressive

    • D. 

      Fundamental human rights

  • 57. 
    This behavior is an example of assertiveness:
    • A. 

      Responding to situations rather than reacting to them

    • B. 

      Posturing yourself in conversation with weight unequally distributed

    • C. 

      Manipulating factors in your environment to go in your favor

    • D. 

      Telling someone to “get lost” who accosts you in public

  • 58. 
    Which of the following statements are true?
    • A. 

      Aggressive behavior is based on intimidation and manipulation.

    • B. 

      Passive behavior frequently results in feelings of victimization.

    • C. 

      People who express themselves assertively typically get their way.

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      B and C

    • F. 

      All of the above

  • 59. 
    With regard to behavior modification, instrumental values are those which are core to the meaning of our life.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 60. 
    Before a behavior can be changed, a person has to admit that indeed the behavior is undesirable.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 61. 
    Cognitive restructuring is an important step in behavioral change.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 62. 
    There is no one method of behavioral change, rather, effective change occurs when many methods are combined together.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 63. 
    Assertiveness is being strong-willed and mildly aggressive.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    The opposite of assertiveness is aggressiveness.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 65. 
    Virtually all effective stress-management skills adopted into one’s lifestyle would be considered as behavior modification.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 66. 
    It was not until this decade that art therapy emerged as its own discipline:
    • A. 

      1940s

    • B. 

      1970s

    • C. 

      1960s

    • D. 

      1950s

  • 67. 
    It is believed that the professional roots of art therapy originated from the works of:
    • A. 

      Dr. Carl Simonton

    • B. 

      Dr. Margaret Naumburg

    • C. 

      Dr. Kübler-Ross

    • D. 

      Dr. Carl Jung

    • E. 

      Dr. Nolan Lewis

  • 68. 
    Dr. Carl Simonton is credited with introducing art therapy for his patients diagnosed with:
    • A. 

      Migraine headaches

    • B. 

      Anorexia

    • C. 

      Post-traumatic stress disorder

    • D. 

      AIDS

    • E. 

      Cancer

  • 69. 
    The following statement is true regarding art therapy:
    • A. 

      Women doodle more than men

    • B. 

      Colors are not as important as the image itself

    • C. 

      Every mark, color, image, and line drawn has a relevant meaning

    • D. 

      Nonverbal expression is more important than verbal expression

  • 70. 
    According to Dr. Bernie Siegel, who used art therapy with his cancer patients, the color orange typically suggests:
    • A. 

      Feeling grounded to the earth

    • B. 

      A greater sense of spirituality

    • C. 

      Remorse and guilt

    • D. 

      A change in one’s health status

  • 71. 
    According to Dr. Bernie Siegel, who used art therapy with his cancer patients, the color purple typically suggests:
    • A. 

      A greater sense of spirituality

    • B. 

      Remorse and guilt

    • C. 

      A change in one’s health status

    • D. 

      Feeling grounded to the earth

  • 72. 
    According to Dr. Bernie Siegel, who used art therapy with his cancer patients, the color red typically suggests:
    • A. 

      Emotional peaks, anger, love

    • B. 

      A change in one’s health status

    • C. 

      A greater sense of spirituality

    • D. 

      Vibrant energy

  • 73. 
    This medium is thought to be the best to elicit feelings and emotions for nonverbal self-expression:
    • A. 

      Cayons

    • B. 

      Clay

    • C. 

      Pastels

    • D. 

      Colored pencils

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 74. 
    Art therapy is thought to be a good coping technique because:
    • A. 

      It increases awareness through nonverbal expression

    • B. 

      It allows the expression of nonverbal thoughts

    • C. 

      It balances right (nonverbal) and left (verbal) brain functions

    • D. 

      It releases toxic thoughts from the unconscious mind

    • E. 

      A, B, and C

    • F. 

      B, C, and D

  • 75. 
    The following can be said with validity about doodling:
    • A. 

      Doodles are not yet considered a form of art therapy.

    • B. 

      Doodles occupy the mind, rather than create a sense of self-awareness.

    • C. 

      Horizontal lines convey fear and anxiety.

    • D. 

      Aggression is expressed in dark, heavy, and jagged lines.

  • 76. 
    This statement is not true about the interpretation of art therapy:
    • A. 

      Catharsis is more important than interpretation.

    • B. 

      Although each color seems to be archetypal, there are different meanings.

    • C. 

      In the hands of a good expert, interpretation is rather simple.

    • D. 

      The most important factor is the patient/client’s impressions.

  • 77. 
    The use of this color in art therapy is suggested to represent passion:
    • A. 

      Blue

    • B. 

      Purple

    • C. 

      Red

    • D. 

      Green

  • 78. 
    The use of this color in art therapy is suggested to represent change:
    • A. 

      Red

    • B. 

      Orange

    • C. 

      Yellow

    • D. 

      Blue

  • 79. 
    The use of this color in art therapy is suggested to represent a spiritual nature:
    • A. 

      Red

    • B. 

      White

    • C. 

      Blue

    • D. 

      Purple

  • 80. 
    The use of this color in art therapy is suggested to represent energy:
    • A. 

      Black

    • B. 

      Yellow

    • C. 

      White

    • D. 

      Magenta

  • 81. 
    The use of this color in art therapy is suggested to represent ambiguity:
    • A. 

      Black

    • B. 

      White

    • C. 

      Grey

    • D. 

      Beige

  • 82. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 83. 
    In art therapy, as much can be revealed by what is not drawn as by what is drawn.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 84. 
    As a rule, women more so than men, tend to draw faces while doodling.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 85. 
    Art therapists may actually have people draw fantasy animals to uncover unconscious thoughts about their feelings.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 86. 
    Interpretations are the most difficult aspect of art therapy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 87. 
    The art from dream images is more significant than that drawn from fantasy animals.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 88. 
    The use of the color blue in art therapy is a symbolic message from the unconscious mind about passion (anger or love).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 89. 
    The use of the color orange in art therapy is a symbolic message from the unconscious mind about change in one’s life.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 90. 
    The use of the color purple in art therapy is a symbolic message from the unconscious mind regarding one’s spiritual nature
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 91. 
    The use of the color yellow in art therapy is a symbolic message from the unconscious mind regarding happiness and joy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 92. 
    As far as we know, humor as a healing agent and coping technique dates back to:
    • A. 

      Medieval times

    • B. 

      Ancient Greece

    • C. 

      Neanderthal times

    • D. 

      Victorian England

  • 93. 
    Humor is best described as:
    • A. 

      A perception

    • B. 

      An emotion

    • C. 

      A welcomed distraction

    • D. 

      A feeling

  • 94. 
    Black humor is thought to be:
    • A. 

      Political humor

    • B. 

      Ethnic humor

    • C. 

      Morbid humor

    • D. 

      Racial humor

  • 95. 
    This type of humor is thought to be helpful in relieving the fear of death.
    • A. 

      Absurd humor

    • B. 

      Black humor

    • C. 

      Ironic humor

    • D. 

      Slapstick comedy

  • 96. 
    This type of humor is based on latent aggressions.
    • A. 

      Ironic humor

    • B. 

      Slapstick comedy

    • C. 

      Black humor

    • D. 

      Satirical humor

  • 97. 
    This is considered to be the lowest form of humor:
    • A. 

      Puns

    • B. 

      Bathroom humor

    • C. 

      Sarcasm

    • D. 

      Dry humor

  • 98. 
    James Bond movies and some Disney movies share this style of humor:
    • A. 

      Gallows humor

    • B. 

      Satire

    • C. 

      Double entendres

    • D. 

      Dry humor

  • 99. 
    This theory would most likely explain the use of irony.
    • A. 

      Divinity theory

    • B. 

      Superiority theory

    • C. 

      Incongruity theory

    • D. 

      Release/relief theory

  • 100. 
    This theory would most likely explain the popularity of sexual jokes:
    • A. 

      Divinity theory

    • B. 

      Superiority theory

    • C. 

      Release/relief theory

    • D. 

      Incongruity theory

  • 101. 
    From the works of Raymond Moody, this sense of humor style would be best to describe the act of an anonymous graffitist.
    • A. 

      Life of the party sense of humor

    • B. 

      Creative sense of humor

    • C. 

      Good sport sense of humor

    • D. 

      Conventional sense of humor

  • 102. 
    According to a study published in Psychology Today, the average person laughs this many times per day:
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      15

    • D. 

      20

  • 103. 
    From research by Dr. William Fry, we know that in the short term, laughter can produce the following results:
    • A. 

      Increase oxygen supply, increase white blood cell count, massage organs

    • B. 

      Stabilize blood pressure, stimulate circulation, decrease muscular tension

    • C. 

      Facilitate digestion, increase white blood cell count, stimulate circulation

    • D. 

      Increase white blood cell count, stabilize blood pressure, massage organs

  • 104. 
    This type of humor is thought to be best suited to reduce stress-related anger and help maintain a sense of psychic balance:
    • A. 

      Self-parody

    • B. 

      Puns and quick wit

    • C. 

      Black humor

    • D. 

      Irony

  • 105. 
    This type of humor is thought to be the least suited to reduce stress and help maintain a sense of psychic balance:
    • A. 

      Sarcasm

    • B. 

      Self-parody

    • C. 

      Irony

    • D. 

      Black humor

  • 106. 
    Comic Weird Al Yankovic’s humor can best be described as:
    • A. 

      Black humor

    • B. 

      Irony

    • C. 

      Sarcasm

    • D. 

      Parody

  • 107. 
    Although Saturday Night Live uses many types of humor, they are best known for:
    • A. 

      Black humor

    • B. 

      Irony

    • C. 

      Sarcasm

    • D. 

      Satire

  • 108. 
    Those in high-stress professions, such as nurses, policemen, and EMTs, are renowned for using this type of humor to alleviate job stress:
    • A. 

      Parody

    • B. 

      Sarcasm

    • C. 

      Bathroom humor

    • D. 

      Black humor

  • 109. 
    Bugs Bunny and Road Runner cartoons share this type of humor:
    • A. 

      Bathroom humor

    • B. 

      Gallows humor

    • C. 

      Sarcasm

    • D. 

      Slapstick humor

  • 110. 
    Blonde jokes and Polish jokes would be best identified with this theory:
    • A. 

      Release/relief theory

    • B. 

      Divinity theory

    • C. 

      Incongruity theory

    • D. 

      Superiority theory

  • 111. 
    Laughter was not always looked upon with favor. At one time in history, laughter was thought to be the work of the devil.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 112. 
    For humor to exist, there must be these three things: humorous stimulation, a perception of the stimulation, and an expression of humor.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 113. 
    An example of absurd/nonsense humor is Gary Larson’s cartoon strip, The Far Side.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 114. 
    An oxymoron is an example of irony.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 115. 
    Disney cartoons and James Bond movies share a common type of humor with the use of double entendres.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 116. 
    Split-brain research has shown that humor is a left brain function.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 117. 
    The chemical composition of tears produced from laughter is the same as those produced by other methods (e.g., cutting onions).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 118. 
    The healing aspect of the laughter response is thought to promote the release of various chemical messengers, which in turn strengthen the integrity of the immune system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 119. 
    Metamessagesare defined by Dr. Deborah Tannen as:
    • A. 

      Directness of one’s actual intention to communicate

    • B. 

      The thought that comes to mind after we have actually spoken

    • C. 

      The thought that comes to mind before we actually speak

    • D. 

      Indirectness of one’s actual intention to communicate

  • 120. 
    The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis suggests that:
    • A. 

      Miscommunication results in the ability to express our true feelings

    • B. 

      Our perception of reality is based on the limits of our vocabulary

    • C. 

      Type A’s have rapid and explosive speech patterns

    • D. 

      When we are stressed, we exaggerate our own communication style

  • 121. 
    Schismogenesis is a term to suggest that:
    • A. 

      Our perception of reality is based on the limits of our vocabulary

    • B. 

      When we are stressed, we exaggerate our own communication style

    • C. 

      Type A’s have rapid and explosive speech patterns

    • D. 

      Miscommunication results in the ability to express our true feelings

  • 122. 
    Giving the “OK” sign to someone is labeled as this aspect of nonverbal communication.
    • A. 

      Adapters

    • B. 

      Regulators

    • C. 

      Emblems/illustrators

    • D. 

      Paralanguage

  • 123. 
    This conflict style is thought to be the hardest to resolve:
    • A. 

      Values conflict

    • B. 

      Ego conflict

    • C. 

      Political conflict

    • D. 

      Content conflict

  • 124. 
    This is the primary factor that explains why people are not good listeners.
    • A. 

      People usually prepare their next thought while pretending to listen.

    • B. 

      People don’t maintain good eye contact.

    • C. 

      People are distracted with their own thoughts.

    • D. 

      People don’t concentrate enough on what is being said.

  • 125. 
    Facial expressions are an example of this type of nonverbal communication:
    • A. 

      Paralanguage

    • B. 

      Affect displays

    • C. 

      Regulators

    • D. 

      Adapters

  • 126. 
    Nonverbal language is believed over verbal language when the two seem to contradict each other.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 127. 
    The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis suggests that we use humor to lighten up a heavy conversation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 128. 
    With regard to speaking patterns, regulators are often used to manipulate a conversation through nonverbal gestures.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 129. 
    Of the five suggested styles of conflict management, dialogue is thought to be the best because all parties are allowed to contribute.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 130. 
    Yoga is an ancient Sanskrit word that literally means:
    • A. 

      Union of man and his environment

    • B. 

      The path of spiritual awakening

    • C. 

      Union of mind, body, and spirit

    • D. 

      The path of enlightenment

  • 131. 
    Hatha yoga literally means:
    • A. 

      Union of the sun and the moon

    • B. 

      The path of spiritual awakening

    • C. 

      Union of mind, body, and spirit

    • D. 

      The path of enlightenment

  • 132. 
    The Hatha yoga pranayama is:
    • A. 

      The breathing technique

    • B. 

      The final positive affirmation

    • C. 

      The lotus sitting position

    • D. 

      The neural relaxation response

  • 133. 
    The postures (positions) strived for in Hatha yoga are called:
    • A. 

      Sutras

    • B. 

      Postures

    • C. 

      Rajas

    • D. 

      Asanas

  • 134. 
    The shavasana is also known as the:
    • A. 

      Corpse pose

    • B. 

      Fish pose

    • C. 

      Tree pose

    • D. 

      Mountain pose

  • 135. 
    Surya namaskar is referred to as the:
    • A. 

      Nostril breathing technique

    • B. 

      Mountain pose

    • C. 

      Salute to the sun warm-up exercise

    • D. 

      Positive affirmation statement at the end of the session

  • 136. 
    The art of Hatha yoga requires these aspects for best effectiveness:
    • A. 

      Breathing, stretching, and balance

    • B. 

      An empty stomach, good diet, and concentration

    • C. 

      Meditation, breathing, and balance

    • D. 

      Breathing, concentration, and balance

  • 137. 
    There are many types of yoga. Hatha yoga is the path of physical balance, whereas kundalini yoga, a more meditative practice, is called the path of spiritual awakening.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 138. 
    Pranayama is the breathing aspect of Hatha yoga, with inhalations during the expanding stretch, and exhalations when coming out of a position.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 139. 
    The art of balance in Hatha yoga suggests that for the best effect, one must try to maintain a sense of balance when assuming each asana.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 140. 
    Yoga instructors suggest that you hold each asana for a period of about 10 seconds before you release.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 141. 
    Hatha yoga is renowned for the ability to help people alleviate chronic back pain and carpal tunnel syndrome.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 142. 
    While music therapy dates back to ancient Greece, the use of music with this population of people gave music therapy professional credence in the 20th century:
    • A. 

      Alzheimer’s patients

    • B. 

      World War I veterans

    • C. 

      World War II veterans

    • D. 

      AIDS patients

    • E. 

      Tuberculosis patients

  • 143. 
    Typically the range of human hearing falls between:
    • A. 

      1–100 Hz

    • B. 

      5–5,000Hz

    • C. 

      20–20,000Hz

    • D. 

      10–10,000Hz

  • 144. 
    Sounds above this level are known to cause damage to the human ear:
    • A. 

      110 dB

    • B. 

      130 dB

    • C. 

      120 dB

    • D. 

      100 dB

  • 145. 
    Tone color comes from which quality of music?
    • A. 

      Timbre

    • B. 

      Harmony

    • C. 

      Rhythm

    • D. 

      Pitch

  • 146. 
    Tinnitus refers to:
    • A. 

      Ringing in the ears

    • B. 

      Disturbances in the energy field

    • C. 

      The harmony of music

    • D. 

      The tonal quality of music

  • 147. 
    With regard to music therapy, the Dominant Rhythm Style (DRS) refers to:
    • A. 

      The beat of the heart

    • B. 

      Entrainment of the human energy field

    • C. 

      The Schumann resonance

    • D. 

      The conversion of sound waves to neural impulses

  • 148. 
    According to Dr. John Diamond, this aspect of music therapy has an addictive quality and may cause harm to the body:
    • A. 

      The Schumann resonance

    • B. 

      Essentic forms

    • C. 

      Anapestic beat

    • D. 

      ELFs

  • 149. 
    According to the entrainment theory, this vibration is the frequency of human homeostasis:
    • A. 

      5 dB

    • B. 

      7.8 Hz

    • C. 

      5.2 Hz

    • D. 

      1 dB

  • 150. 
    This theory suggests that music affects emotions through the human energy field:
    • A. 

      The biochemical theory

    • B. 

      The resonance theory

    • C. 

      The entrainment theory

    • D. 

      The metaphysical theory

  • 151. 
    This single factor seems to be the most important regarding the soothing effect of music on the body:
    • A. 

      Timbre

    • B. 

      Pitch

    • C. 

      Rhythm

    • D. 

      Instrumentation

  • 152. 
    Remarkable research by Dr. Dorothy Retallack revealed that:
    • A. 

      Chickens lay more eggs and cows produce more milk with piped-in music

    • B. 

      Plants are affected by music despite the lack of a nervous system

    • C. 

      The human body vibrates at the same oscillation as the planet Earth

    • D. 

      Music at 7.8 Hz played onboard a space shuttle decreased illness

  • 153. 
    According to musicologist H. A. Lingerman, music played on these instruments is believed to strengthen one’s emotional well-being:
    • A. 

      Cello and piano

    • B. 

      Woodwinds and strings

    • C. 

      Synthesizers and harp

    • D. 

      Brass and percussion

  • 154. 
    This well-known singer/songwriter documented the use of music therapy as a healing modality for a chronic illness:
    • A. 

      John Mayer

    • B. 

      Naomi Judd

    • C. 

      Tony Bennett

    • D. 

      Joan Baez

    • E. 

      Dar Williams

  • 155. 
    This response was observed from people listening to the music of Mozart, hence the name, “The Mozart Effect:”
    • A. 

      Remission of cancerous tumors

    • B. 

      Higher SAT scores

    • C. 

      Decreased biorhythms

    • D. 

      Increased endorphin response

  • 156. 
    This theory best explains the healing effect that music has regarding chronic pain:
    • A. 

      Biochemical theory

    • B. 

      Entrainment theory

    • C. 

      Metaphysical theory

    • D. 

      All of these theories

  • 157. 
    By and large, Americans find listening to music to be the most common way to relax, according to the 1991 Mitchum Report on Stress.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 158. 
    Unlike hypertension, tinnitus can be detected without a diagnostic test, yet the loss of hearing is cumulative.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 159. 
    White noise consists of “broadband” sounds consisting of most frequencies of the audible spectrum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 160. 
    Instrumental music (without lyrics) is thought to promote a greater sense of relaxation than music with lyrics.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 161. 
    The entrainment theory of music therapy suggests that the human body is like a radio transformer, in that it receives (absorbs) as well as emits oscillations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 162. 
    It was found that when French monks stopped singing their Gregorian chants (the only change made to their daily schedule), they manifested several stress symptoms.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 163. 
    Singing is thought to be an effective means of music therapy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 164. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 165. 
    Music therapy seems to show no beneficial effects to reduce chronic pain.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False