Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

50 Questions  I  By Mikeria561
Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

  
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1.  How is desert pavement formed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A ____________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  ____________ is an irregular, usually thin till layer laid down by a retreating glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  ______ tide is an incoming or rising tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  ***A______ is an isolated remnant of bedrock standing above a wave-cut platform.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  _______ first developed the theory that small variations in the Earth-Sun distance were responsible for short-term climate oscillations (1000-100,000).
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A name commonly used as a synonym for the Ice Age is __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Over the past few thousand years, how, if at all, has sea level been changing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  A broad accumulation of stratified drift deposited adjacent to the downstream edge of an end moraine is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  What controls erosion and deposition in eolian environments?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  **Which one of the following applies to a valley glacier that lengthens (extends its terminus downslope) over a period of many years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Inselbergs are ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The cross-valley profile of a valley eroded by an alpine glacier is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The daily tidal range is GREATEST during _______ tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The_______ was the most recent Pleistocene glacial episode in North America.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Desert and steppe lands cover about what percentage of Earth’s land area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Southern Hemisphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which one of the moraines listed below is NOT characteristic of continental glaciation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  What type of moraine is formed by the merging of two lateral moraines at a junction of two valley glaciers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  What mature, desert landscape feature consists of coalesced alluvial fans?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The two types of glaciers are ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Longshore drift:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  _______ are coastal structures designed to keep tidal inlets from shifting location or filling with sand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Northern Hemisphere.
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Abrasion and plucking generally involve what part of a glacier?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which process occurs where a glacier enters the sea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Most dry lands lie between_________degrees north and south of the equator.
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which one of the following is a landform created by wave erosion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The bottom or downward tip of a crevasse marks the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  ****Large estuaries are more common on a _______ coastline.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The term "drift" __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  A ________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  A fiord is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  _______ have rainfall amounts and soil moisture contents between those of true deserts and humid lands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which one of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Desertification:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  A(n) ____________ represents a former meltwater channel or tunnel in glacial ice that was filled with sand and gravel.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Drumlins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  **Incoming waves slow down and rotate towards the orientation of being parallel to the shoreline. This process is known as______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  _____ are erosional features produced by valley/alpine glaciers.
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  A _______ forms when a block of ice is buried in drift and subsequently melts creating a pit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  __________ is one of the two, major flow mechanisms in a glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Clay and silt left over from dunes or glacial rock flour that were transported long distances by winds are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Type of dune is illustrated below? (looks like a wavy star shaped pattern)
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The daily tidal range is LEAST during _______ tide
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Where is the world’s second largest continental ice sheet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  A(n)______ is similar in appearance to a sinkhole of a karst area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The loess deposited in many parts of the Midwest __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which of the following best describes the climatic factors that cause low latitude deserts like the Sahara in Africa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  All of the following statements concerning dry lands are true except for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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