Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

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Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

  
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1.  The daily tidal range is LEAST during _______ tide
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  _____ are erosional features produced by valley/alpine glaciers.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  _______ are coastal structures designed to keep tidal inlets from shifting location or filling with sand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  A _______ forms when a block of ice is buried in drift and subsequently melts creating a pit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which process occurs where a glacier enters the sea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The loess deposited in many parts of the Midwest __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The_______ was the most recent Pleistocene glacial episode in North America.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The cross-valley profile of a valley eroded by an alpine glacier is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Northern Hemisphere.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  What mature, desert landscape feature consists of coalesced alluvial fans?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  A(n)______ is similar in appearance to a sinkhole of a karst area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  How is desert pavement formed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Where is the world’s second largest continental ice sheet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  What type of moraine is formed by the merging of two lateral moraines at a junction of two valley glaciers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  What controls erosion and deposition in eolian environments?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  ****Large estuaries are more common on a _______ coastline.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  A broad accumulation of stratified drift deposited adjacent to the downstream edge of an end moraine is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Drumlins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  ____________ is an irregular, usually thin till layer laid down by a retreating glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Clay and silt left over from dunes or glacial rock flour that were transported long distances by winds are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  _______ first developed the theory that small variations in the Earth-Sun distance were responsible for short-term climate oscillations (1000-100,000).
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The term "drift" __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which one of the moraines listed below is NOT characteristic of continental glaciation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  All of the following statements concerning dry lands are true except for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  __________ is one of the two, major flow mechanisms in a glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Abrasion and plucking generally involve what part of a glacier?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Which one of the following is a landform created by wave erosion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  A name commonly used as a synonym for the Ice Age is __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A ________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Desert and steppe lands cover about what percentage of Earth’s land area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  The bottom or downward tip of a crevasse marks the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The daily tidal range is GREATEST during _______ tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Southern Hemisphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Desertification:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  ***A______ is an isolated remnant of bedrock standing above a wave-cut platform.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  A(n) ____________ represents a former meltwater channel or tunnel in glacial ice that was filled with sand and gravel.
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The two types of glaciers are ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Most dry lands lie between_________degrees north and south of the equator.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Over the past few thousand years, how, if at all, has sea level been changing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Type of dune is illustrated below? (looks like a wavy star shaped pattern)
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Inselbergs are ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Longshore drift:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  ______ tide is an incoming or rising tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  **Incoming waves slow down and rotate towards the orientation of being parallel to the shoreline. This process is known as______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  **Which one of the following applies to a valley glacier that lengthens (extends its terminus downslope) over a period of many years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which one of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  A fiord is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  _______ have rainfall amounts and soil moisture contents between those of true deserts and humid lands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which of the following best describes the climatic factors that cause low latitude deserts like the Sahara in Africa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  A ____________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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