Estuary Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

50 Questions  I  By Mikeria561
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1.  A(n) ____________ represents a former meltwater channel or tunnel in glacial ice that was filled with sand and gravel.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A _______ forms when a block of ice is buried in drift and subsequently melts creating a pit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  All of the following statements concerning dry lands are true except for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Northern Hemisphere.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The daily tidal range is GREATEST during _______ tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The daily tidal range is LEAST during _______ tide
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A name commonly used as a synonym for the Ice Age is __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  ***A______ is an isolated remnant of bedrock standing above a wave-cut platform.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Drumlins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The_______ was the most recent Pleistocene glacial episode in North America.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which of the following best describes the climatic factors that cause low latitude deserts like the Sahara in Africa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The term "drift" __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  ****Large estuaries are more common on a _______ coastline.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  ______ tide is an incoming or rising tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Desertification:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Where is the world’s second largest continental ice sheet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  A ________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The cross-valley profile of a valley eroded by an alpine glacier is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Desert and steppe lands cover about what percentage of Earth’s land area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  A broad accumulation of stratified drift deposited adjacent to the downstream edge of an end moraine is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  ____________ is an irregular, usually thin till layer laid down by a retreating glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  _______ are coastal structures designed to keep tidal inlets from shifting location or filling with sand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  What mature, desert landscape feature consists of coalesced alluvial fans?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  _______ have rainfall amounts and soil moisture contents between those of true deserts and humid lands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  What type of moraine is formed by the merging of two lateral moraines at a junction of two valley glaciers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  _____ are erosional features produced by valley/alpine glaciers.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  **Incoming waves slow down and rotate towards the orientation of being parallel to the shoreline. This process is known as______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  __________ is one of the two, major flow mechanisms in a glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The two types of glaciers are ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which one of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A fiord is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Type of dune is illustrated below? (looks like a wavy star shaped pattern)
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  A ____________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Which process occurs where a glacier enters the sea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The loess deposited in many parts of the Midwest __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  How is desert pavement formed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which one of the moraines listed below is NOT characteristic of continental glaciation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  _______ first developed the theory that small variations in the Earth-Sun distance were responsible for short-term climate oscillations (1000-100,000).
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  **Which one of the following applies to a valley glacier that lengthens (extends its terminus downslope) over a period of many years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  What controls erosion and deposition in eolian environments?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Inselbergs are ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Clay and silt left over from dunes or glacial rock flour that were transported long distances by winds are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  A(n)______ is similar in appearance to a sinkhole of a karst area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which one of the following is a landform created by wave erosion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The bottom or downward tip of a crevasse marks the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Abrasion and plucking generally involve what part of a glacier?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Over the past few thousand years, how, if at all, has sea level been changing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Most dry lands lie between_________degrees north and south of the equator.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Longshore drift:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Southern Hemisphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
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