Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

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Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

  
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1.  Which of the following best describes the climatic factors that cause low latitude deserts like the Sahara in Africa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  **Incoming waves slow down and rotate towards the orientation of being parallel to the shoreline. This process is known as______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What mature, desert landscape feature consists of coalesced alluvial fans?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Clay and silt left over from dunes or glacial rock flour that were transported long distances by winds are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Where is the world’s second largest continental ice sheet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  __________ is one of the two, major flow mechanisms in a glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which process occurs where a glacier enters the sea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A _______ forms when a block of ice is buried in drift and subsequently melts creating a pit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  A(n) ____________ represents a former meltwater channel or tunnel in glacial ice that was filled with sand and gravel.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  A ________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Drumlins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  What type of moraine is formed by the merging of two lateral moraines at a junction of two valley glaciers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  ______ tide is an incoming or rising tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A ____________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The daily tidal range is LEAST during _______ tide
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  ****Large estuaries are more common on a _______ coastline.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  All of the following statements concerning dry lands are true except for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  ***A______ is an isolated remnant of bedrock standing above a wave-cut platform.
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  _____ are erosional features produced by valley/alpine glaciers.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The cross-valley profile of a valley eroded by an alpine glacier is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  _______ are coastal structures designed to keep tidal inlets from shifting location or filling with sand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which one of the following is a landform created by wave erosion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The loess deposited in many parts of the Midwest __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The term "drift" __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Most dry lands lie between_________degrees north and south of the equator.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  A broad accumulation of stratified drift deposited adjacent to the downstream edge of an end moraine is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  **Which one of the following applies to a valley glacier that lengthens (extends its terminus downslope) over a period of many years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  ____________ is an irregular, usually thin till layer laid down by a retreating glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What controls erosion and deposition in eolian environments?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Northern Hemisphere.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  _______ first developed the theory that small variations in the Earth-Sun distance were responsible for short-term climate oscillations (1000-100,000).
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which one of the moraines listed below is NOT characteristic of continental glaciation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  How is desert pavement formed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The two types of glaciers are ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which one of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The daily tidal range is GREATEST during _______ tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A name commonly used as a synonym for the Ice Age is __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  _______ have rainfall amounts and soil moisture contents between those of true deserts and humid lands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Desertification:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Southern Hemisphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Desert and steppe lands cover about what percentage of Earth’s land area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  A fiord is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Over the past few thousand years, how, if at all, has sea level been changing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Abrasion and plucking generally involve what part of a glacier?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Type of dune is illustrated below? (looks like a wavy star shaped pattern)
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Inselbergs are ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The bottom or downward tip of a crevasse marks the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The_______ was the most recent Pleistocene glacial episode in North America.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A(n)______ is similar in appearance to a sinkhole of a karst area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Longshore drift:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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