Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

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Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

  
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1.  What controls erosion and deposition in eolian environments?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  _______ first developed the theory that small variations in the Earth-Sun distance were responsible for short-term climate oscillations (1000-100,000).
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which one of the following is a landform created by wave erosion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Southern Hemisphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The daily tidal range is GREATEST during _______ tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following best describes the climatic factors that cause low latitude deserts like the Sahara in Africa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The term "drift" __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Drumlins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  What mature, desert landscape feature consists of coalesced alluvial fans?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  **Which one of the following applies to a valley glacier that lengthens (extends its terminus downslope) over a period of many years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The_______ was the most recent Pleistocene glacial episode in North America.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  All of the following statements concerning dry lands are true except for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A ____________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which one of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which one of the moraines listed below is NOT characteristic of continental glaciation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Abrasion and plucking generally involve what part of a glacier?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Desertification:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Over the past few thousand years, how, if at all, has sea level been changing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Desert and steppe lands cover about what percentage of Earth’s land area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  **Incoming waves slow down and rotate towards the orientation of being parallel to the shoreline. This process is known as______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  What type of moraine is formed by the merging of two lateral moraines at a junction of two valley glaciers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  ______ tide is an incoming or rising tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Where is the world’s second largest continental ice sheet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Northern Hemisphere.
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A(n)______ is similar in appearance to a sinkhole of a karst area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  __________ is one of the two, major flow mechanisms in a glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  _______ are coastal structures designed to keep tidal inlets from shifting location or filling with sand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  A fiord is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The cross-valley profile of a valley eroded by an alpine glacier is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  ****Large estuaries are more common on a _______ coastline.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  A name commonly used as a synonym for the Ice Age is __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Most dry lands lie between_________degrees north and south of the equator.
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  The two types of glaciers are ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Type of dune is illustrated below? (looks like a wavy star shaped pattern)
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The loess deposited in many parts of the Midwest __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  A ________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The daily tidal range is LEAST during _______ tide
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  ***A______ is an isolated remnant of bedrock standing above a wave-cut platform.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  A broad accumulation of stratified drift deposited adjacent to the downstream edge of an end moraine is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Longshore drift:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  A(n) ____________ represents a former meltwater channel or tunnel in glacial ice that was filled with sand and gravel.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Inselbergs are ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Clay and silt left over from dunes or glacial rock flour that were transported long distances by winds are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  _____ are erosional features produced by valley/alpine glaciers.
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  ____________ is an irregular, usually thin till layer laid down by a retreating glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which process occurs where a glacier enters the sea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The bottom or downward tip of a crevasse marks the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  A _______ forms when a block of ice is buried in drift and subsequently melts creating a pit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  _______ have rainfall amounts and soil moisture contents between those of true deserts and humid lands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  How is desert pavement formed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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