Estuary Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

50 Questions  I  By Mikeria561
Please take the quiz to rate it.

River Quizzes & Trivia
.

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Questions and Answers

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
  • 1. 
    **Which one of the following applies to a valley glacier that lengthens (extends its terminus downslope) over a period of many years?
    • A. 

      Wastage exceeds accumulation

    • B. 

      Accumulation exceeds wastage

    • C. 

      Accumulation and wastage are about equal

    • D. 

      None of the above.


  • 2. 
    What type of moraine is formed by the merging of two lateral moraines at a junction of two valley glaciers?
    • A. 

      Kettle

    • B. 

      Ground

    • C. 

      Terminal

    • D. 

      Medial


  • 3. 
    __________ is one of the two, major flow mechanisms in a glacier.
    • A. 

      Frost heaving

    • B. 

      Crevassal Slip

    • C. 

      Morainal Sliding

    • D. 

      Basal Slip (Sliding)


  • 4. 
    The_______ was the most recent Pleistocene glacial episode in North America.
    • A. 

      Kansan

    • B. 

      Indianan

    • C. 

      Wisconsinan

    • D. 

      Dakotan


  • 5. 
    _____ are erosional features produced by valley/alpine glaciers.
    • A. 

      Drumlins

    • B. 

      Cirques

    • C. 

      Moraines

    • D. 

      Eskers


  • 6. 
    The two types of glaciers are ________.
    • A. 

      Valley and mountain

    • B. 

      Continental and polar

    • C. 

      Valley (alpine) and continental

    • D. 

      Polar and mountain


  • 7. 
    The cross-valley profile of a valley eroded by an alpine glacier is:
    • A. 

      “U” shaped

    • B. 

      “V” shaped

    • C. 

      “S” shaped

    • D. 

      “A” shaped

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 8. 
    _______ first developed the theory that small variations in the Earth-Sun distance were responsible for short-term climate oscillations (1000-100,000).
    • A. 

      H. Goering

    • B. 

      Louis Agassiz

    • C. 

      M. Milankovich

    • D. 

      H. Marcee


  • 9. 
    A(n)______ is similar in appearance to a sinkhole of a karst area.
    • A. 

      Kettle

    • B. 

      Esker

    • C. 

      Cirque

    • D. 

      Moraine

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 10. 
    Where is the world’s second largest continental ice sheet?
    • A. 

      Iceland

    • B. 

      Siberia

    • C. 

      Antarctica

    • D. 

      Greenland

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 11. 
    _______ have rainfall amounts and soil moisture contents between those of true deserts and humid lands.
    • A. 

      Steppes

    • B. 

      Tundras

    • C. 

      Sundras

    • D. 

      Sabkhas


  • 12. 
    All of the following statements concerning dry lands are true except for:
    • A. 

      Precipitation totals are low; dew points are lower in the summer than winter.

    • B. 

      Evaporation potential exceeds actual precipitation.

    • C. 

      Storms are infrequent and rainfall amounts are highly variable.

    • D. 

      Wind is the dominant agent of erosion and sediment transport.


  • 13. 
    A ________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
    • A. 

      Wash

    • B. 

      Playa

    • C. 

      Rivulet

    • D. 

      Rill


  • 14. 
    Most dry lands lie between_________degrees north and south of the equator.
    • A. 

      5 and 10

    • B. 

      20 and 30

    • C. 

      40 and 50

    • D. 

      0 and 5


  • 15. 
    Which of the following best describes the climatic factors that cause low latitude deserts like the Sahara in Africa?
    • A. 

      Cool, dry air aloft is descending; surface winds are blowing toward the equator.

    • B. 

      Warm, humid air aloft is descending; surface winds blow away from the equator

    • C. 

      Warm, humid air is rising; surface winds are calm.

    • D. 

      Cool, dry air at the surface is rising, causing winds to blow away from the equator.


  • 16. 
    Clay and silt left over from dunes or glacial rock flour that were transported long distances by winds are called:
    • A. 

      Cross beds

    • B. 

      Dunes

    • C. 

      Till

    • D. 

      Loess


  • 17. 
    What controls erosion and deposition in eolian environments?
    • A. 

      Wind speed

    • B. 

      Barometric pressure

    • C. 

      Temperatures

    • D. 

      Latitude and longitude


  • 18. 
    Desertification:
    • A. 

      Is increasingly becoming a problem

    • B. 

      Is a natural process

    • C. 

      Is exacerbated by human processes

    • D. 

      Results in droughts and famine

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 19. 
    How is desert pavement formed?
    • A. 

      Blowing wind removes fine-size particles; coarser particles abrades to sand size

    • B. 

      Intense chemical weathering removes the sand and silt particles, leaving coarse rock debris covering the land surface

    • C. 

      Running water deposits gravel and sand over finer sized particles.

    • D. 

      Deflation and sheet wash remove fine sized particles leaving coarse weathered rock fragments concentrated at the surface.


  • 20. 
    Type of dune is illustrated below? (looks like a wavy star shaped pattern)
    • A. 

      Longitudinal

    • B. 

      Transverse

    • C. 

      Star

    • D. 

      Parabolic


  • 21. 
    ______ tide is an incoming or rising tide.
    • A. 

      Flood

    • B. 

      Rip

    • C. 

      Drift

    • D. 

      Ebb


  • 22. 
    Over the past few thousand years, how, if at all, has sea level been changing?
    • A. 

      It has fallen about 10 inches per century

    • B. 

      It has remained about the same

    • C. 

      It has risen about 10 centimeters per century

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 23. 
    ****Large estuaries are more common on a _______ coastline.
    • A. 

      Emergent

    • B. 

      Submergent

    • C. 

      Stable

    • D. 

      Retreating

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 24. 
    Longshore drift:
    • A. 

      Causes mass movement of sediment downshore

    • B. 

      Creates a loss of sediment from some beaches

    • C. 

      Creates an increase in sediment on some beaches

    • D. 

      Can be stabilized by groins and jetties

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 25. 
    **Incoming waves slow down and rotate towards the orientation of being parallel to the shoreline. This process is known as______.
    • A. 

      Relaxing

    • B. 

      Reflection

    • C. 

      Refraction

    • D. 

      Refluxing

    • E. 

      Recalcitrating


  • 26. 
    ***A______ is an isolated remnant of bedrock standing above a wave-cut platform.
    • A. 

      Sea spit

    • B. 

      Sea stack

    • C. 

      Sea rampart

    • D. 

      Sea span


  • 27. 
    _______ are coastal structures designed to keep tidal inlets from shifting location or filling with sand.
    • A. 

      Breakwaters

    • B. 

      Groins

    • C. 

      Seawalls

    • D. 

      Jetties

    • E. 

      Tombolos


  • 28. 
    A name commonly used as a synonym for the Ice Age is __________.
    • A. 

      Pennsylvanian period

    • B. 

      Miocene epoch

    • C. 

      Mesozoic era

    • D. 

      Pleistocene epoch


  • 29. 
    Which one of the moraines listed below is NOT characteristic of continental glaciation?
    • A. 

      Lateral moraine

    • B. 

      Terminal moraine

    • C. 

      Ground moraine

    • D. 

      Recessional moraine


  • 30. 
    The bottom or downward tip of a crevasse marks the ____________.
    • A. 

      Boundary between parts of the glacier moving by basal sliding and crevassal slip

    • B. 

      Boundary between the basal sliding and external flowage zones

    • C. 

      Bottom of the basal sliding zone

    • D. 

      Top of the internal deformation and flowage zone


  • 31. 
    A fiord is a __________.
    • A. 

      Lake in a cirque

    • B. 

      Valley before it was glaciated

    • C. 

      Drowned glacial trough

    • D. 

      Period of the Ice Age


  • 32. 
    Drumlins are __________.
    • A. 

      Composed of outwash

    • B. 

      Ridges formed on top of a glacier

    • C. 

      Formed in the zone of fracture

    • D. 

      Not found singly, but in clusters


  • 33. 
    Abrasion and plucking generally involve what part of a glacier?
    • A. 

      The internal, flowage zone

    • B. 

      The snout zone

    • C. 

      The surface, brittle zone

    • D. 

      The basal, sliding zone


  • 34. 
    The term "drift" __________.
    • A. 

      Refers only to alpine glaciers

    • B. 

      Refers only to moraines

    • C. 

      Is synonymous with the term "till"

    • D. 

      means any sediments of glacial origin


  • 35. 
    A(n) ____________ represents a former meltwater channel or tunnel in glacial ice that was filled with sand and gravel.
    • A. 

      Esker

    • B. 

      Yazoo ridge

    • C. 

      Valley plain

    • D. 

      Kettle


  • 36. 
    Which process occurs where a glacier enters the sea?
    • A. 

      Kaming

    • B. 

      Calving

    • C. 

      Surging

    • D. 

      Drowning


  • 37. 
    A _______ forms when a block of ice is buried in drift and subsequently melts creating a pit.
    • A. 

      Tarn

    • B. 

      Paternoster

    • C. 

      Kame

    • D. 

      Kettle


  • 38. 
    ____________ is an irregular, usually thin till layer laid down by a retreating glacier.
    • A. 

      Terminal moraine

    • B. 

      Outwash blanket

    • C. 

      Kame sheet

    • D. 

      Ground moraine


  • 39. 
    A broad accumulation of stratified drift deposited adjacent to the downstream edge of an end moraine is a __________.
    • A. 

      Kame terrace

    • B. 

      esker

    • C. 

      Outwash plain

    • D. 

      Ground moraine


  • 40. 
    Which one of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      Desert landscapes are monotonous, relatively flat areas covered to various depths with sand

    • B. 

      Deserts and dry lands are concentrated in areas of ascending air masses and relatively low atmospheric pressures

    • C. 

      Despite infrequent rainfalls, erosional and depositional features of running water are important in desert landscapes

    • D. 

      Rainshadow deserts occur where air masses descend after first having risen to cross a mountain range


  • 41. 
    A ____________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
    • A. 

      Rivulet

    • B. 

      Playa

    • C. 

      Rill

    • D. 

      Wash


  • 42. 
    The loess deposited in many parts of the Midwest __________.
    • A. 

      was once glacial outwash deposits

    • B. 

      is in the form of transverse dunes

    • C. 

      Is uniformly thick

    • D. 

      had its source in desert regions


  • 43. 
    Desert and steppe lands cover about what percentage of Earth’s land area?
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      66%

    • C. 

      30%

    • D. 

      3%


  • 44. 
    What mature, desert landscape feature consists of coalesced alluvial fans?
    • A. 

      Balda

    • B. 

      Bajada

    • C. 

      Bahia

    • D. 

      Baja


  • 45. 
    Inselbergs are ____________.
    • A. 

      Insulated icebergs floating in a hot spring

    • B. 

      Blowouts cut from bedrock in mountainous areas

    • C. 

      lithified rock formed by cementation of wind-deposited, dune sands

    • D. 

      bedrock hills in a highly eroded desert landscape


  • 46. 
    The daily tidal range is LEAST during _______ tide
    • A. 

      Spring

    • B. 

      Ebb

    • C. 

      Neap

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 47. 
    The daily tidal range is GREATEST during _______ tide.
    • A. 

      Spring

    • B. 

      Ebb

    • C. 

      Neap

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 48. 
    Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Northern Hemisphere.
    • A. 

      Right

    • B. 

      Left

    • C. 

      West

    • D. 

      East


  • 49. 
    Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Southern Hemisphere
    • A. 

      Right

    • B. 

      Left

    • C. 

      West

    • D. 

      East


  • 50. 
    Which one of the following is a landform created by wave erosion?
    • A. 

      Spit

    • B. 

      Estuary

    • C. 

      Tombolo

    • D. 

      sea arch


Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz
We have sent an email with your new password.