Estuary Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

50 Questions  I  By Mikeria561
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1.  **Which one of the following applies to a valley glacier that lengthens (extends its terminus downslope) over a period of many years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  What type of moraine is formed by the merging of two lateral moraines at a junction of two valley glaciers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  __________ is one of the two, major flow mechanisms in a glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The_______ was the most recent Pleistocene glacial episode in North America.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  _____ are erosional features produced by valley/alpine glaciers.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The two types of glaciers are ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The cross-valley profile of a valley eroded by an alpine glacier is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  _______ first developed the theory that small variations in the Earth-Sun distance were responsible for short-term climate oscillations (1000-100,000).
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  A(n)______ is similar in appearance to a sinkhole of a karst area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Where is the world’s second largest continental ice sheet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  _______ have rainfall amounts and soil moisture contents between those of true deserts and humid lands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  All of the following statements concerning dry lands are true except for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A ________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Most dry lands lie between_________degrees north and south of the equator.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following best describes the climatic factors that cause low latitude deserts like the Sahara in Africa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Clay and silt left over from dunes or glacial rock flour that were transported long distances by winds are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  What controls erosion and deposition in eolian environments?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Desertification:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  How is desert pavement formed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Type of dune is illustrated below? (looks like a wavy star shaped pattern)
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  ______ tide is an incoming or rising tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Over the past few thousand years, how, if at all, has sea level been changing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  ****Large estuaries are more common on a _______ coastline.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Longshore drift:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  **Incoming waves slow down and rotate towards the orientation of being parallel to the shoreline. This process is known as______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  ***A______ is an isolated remnant of bedrock standing above a wave-cut platform.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  _______ are coastal structures designed to keep tidal inlets from shifting location or filling with sand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  A name commonly used as a synonym for the Ice Age is __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which one of the moraines listed below is NOT characteristic of continental glaciation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The bottom or downward tip of a crevasse marks the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A fiord is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Drumlins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Abrasion and plucking generally involve what part of a glacier?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The term "drift" __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  A(n) ____________ represents a former meltwater channel or tunnel in glacial ice that was filled with sand and gravel.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Which process occurs where a glacier enters the sea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A _______ forms when a block of ice is buried in drift and subsequently melts creating a pit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  ____________ is an irregular, usually thin till layer laid down by a retreating glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  A broad accumulation of stratified drift deposited adjacent to the downstream edge of an end moraine is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Which one of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  A ____________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The loess deposited in many parts of the Midwest __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Desert and steppe lands cover about what percentage of Earth’s land area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  What mature, desert landscape feature consists of coalesced alluvial fans?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Inselbergs are ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The daily tidal range is LEAST during _______ tide
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The daily tidal range is GREATEST during _______ tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Northern Hemisphere.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Southern Hemisphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Which one of the following is a landform created by wave erosion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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