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Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

50 Questions  I  By Mikeria561
Last Test Ch 18,19, 20

  
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1.  A ________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which one of the moraines listed below is NOT characteristic of continental glaciation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  What type of moraine is formed by the merging of two lateral moraines at a junction of two valley glaciers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Desertification:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  A(n)______ is similar in appearance to a sinkhole of a karst area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Drumlins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A _______ forms when a block of ice is buried in drift and subsequently melts creating a pit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Desert and steppe lands cover about what percentage of Earth’s land area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  **Which one of the following applies to a valley glacier that lengthens (extends its terminus downslope) over a period of many years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  A name commonly used as a synonym for the Ice Age is __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Type of dune is illustrated below? (looks like a wavy star shaped pattern)
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  ***A______ is an isolated remnant of bedrock standing above a wave-cut platform.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Over the past few thousand years, how, if at all, has sea level been changing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The daily tidal range is GREATEST during _______ tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Longshore drift:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The bottom or downward tip of a crevasse marks the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  A broad accumulation of stratified drift deposited adjacent to the downstream edge of an end moraine is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  _______ are coastal structures designed to keep tidal inlets from shifting location or filling with sand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Inselbergs are ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The cross-valley profile of a valley eroded by an alpine glacier is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  _______ first developed the theory that small variations in the Earth-Sun distance were responsible for short-term climate oscillations (1000-100,000).
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  What controls erosion and deposition in eolian environments?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which of the following best describes the climatic factors that cause low latitude deserts like the Sahara in Africa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  _______ have rainfall amounts and soil moisture contents between those of true deserts and humid lands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Which one of the following is a landform created by wave erosion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  A ____________ is an intermittent stream channel in the dry land areas of the western United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The two types of glaciers are ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  ______ tide is an incoming or rising tide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A fiord is a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  **Incoming waves slow down and rotate towards the orientation of being parallel to the shoreline. This process is known as______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  ****Large estuaries are more common on a _______ coastline.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Abrasion and plucking generally involve what part of a glacier?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  All of the following statements concerning dry lands are true except for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  A(n) ____________ represents a former meltwater channel or tunnel in glacial ice that was filled with sand and gravel.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  What mature, desert landscape feature consists of coalesced alluvial fans?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Northern Hemisphere.
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Clay and silt left over from dunes or glacial rock flour that were transported long distances by winds are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  __________ is one of the two, major flow mechanisms in a glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  _____ are erosional features produced by valley/alpine glaciers.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The_______ was the most recent Pleistocene glacial episode in North America.
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Which process occurs where a glacier enters the sea?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  How is desert pavement formed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Most dry lands lie between_________degrees north and south of the equator.
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Which one of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The daily tidal range is LEAST during _______ tide
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  ____________ is an irregular, usually thin till layer laid down by a retreating glacier.
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The term "drift" __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The loess deposited in many parts of the Midwest __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Where is the world’s second largest continental ice sheet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are deflected to the _______ of their path of motion in the Southern Hemisphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
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