Justice And Law

30 Questions  I  By Swarren
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  • 1. 
    The mediator between people's essential and selfishness and generosity is 
    • A. 

      Law

    • B. 

      Ethics

    • C. 

      Justice

    • D. 

      Mercy


  • 2. 
    Which type of justice is concerned with business dealings 
    • A. 

      Libertarian

    • B. 

      Corrective

    • C. 

      Rectificatory

    • D. 

      Distributive


  • 3. 
    Rectificatory justice is also called 
    • A. 

      Distributive justice

    • B. 

      Commutative justice

    • C. 

      Exemplary justice

    • D. 

      Corrective justice


  • 4. 
    Which type of justice concerns what measurements should be used to allocate society's resources?
    • A. 

      Distributive justice

    • B. 

      Commutative justice

    • C. 

      Exemplary justice

    • D. 

      Corrective justice


  • 5. 
    Which theory if distributive justice would be most opposed to government involvement in the distribution of goods?
    • A. 

      Libertarian

    • B. 

      Utilitarian

    • C. 

      Egalitarian

    • D. 

      Marxist


  • 6. 
    (blank) theories of distributive justice attempt to maximize benefits for individuals and society in a mixed emphasis on entitlements and needs
    • A. 

      Libertarian

    • B. 

      Utilitarian

    • C. 

      Egalitarian

    • D. 

      Marxist


  • 7. 
    Which theory of distribute justice places need above desert or entitlement
    • A. 

      Libertarian

    • B. 

      Utilitarian

    • C. 

      Egalitarian

    • D. 

      Marxist


  • 8. 
    Which theory of distribute justice starts with the basics premise of equality
    • A. 

      Libertarian

    • B. 

      Utilitarian

    • C. 

      Egalitarian

    • D. 

      Marxist


  • 9. 
    (blank) theories of distributive justice attempt to maximize benefits for individuals and society in a mixed emphasis on entitlements and needs
    • A. 

      Libertarian

    • B. 

      Utilitarian

    • C. 

      Egaltarian

    • D. 

      Marxist


  • 10. 
    Which of the following in not an aspect of Rawl's theory of justice
    • A. 

      Utilitarian principles

    • B. 

      Concern for rights

    • C. 

      Freedom from government interference

    • D. 

      Concern for the least advantaged members of society


  • 11. 
    Rawl's veil of ignorance states that
    • A. 

      Welfare should be given to the least advantaged or ignorant in our society

    • B. 

      One must be ignorant of their own position in society in order to make just decisions

    • C. 

      Ignorance results in unfairness

    • D. 

      Be we are ignorant of God's plan, equal distribution of goods is the most just


  • 12. 
    Which ethical system is most consistent with a Marxist theory of distributive justice
    • A. 

      Ethics of virtue

    • B. 

      Ethical formalism

    • C. 

      Ethics of care

    • D. 

      Utilitarianism


  • 13. 
    While (blank) justice involves the concept of just deserts, (blank) justice concerns the steps we must take before administering punishment
    • A. 

      Procedural; substantive

    • B. 

      Substantive; distributive

    • C. 

      Substantive; procedural

    • D. 

      Procedural; distributive


  • 14. 
    Substantive justice and procedural justice are components of 
    • A. 

      Distributive justice

    • B. 

      Corrective justice

    • C. 

      Punitive justice

    • D. 

      Rectificatory justice


  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements is false
    • A. 

      The ethics of care is consistent with a Marxist theory of justice since both emphasize need

    • B. 

      Utilitarian theories try to maximize societal good, thus some balance of need and merit would be necessary to provide the incentive to produce

    • C. 

      Ethical formalism is concerned solely with rights, thus, issues of societal good may not be as important

    • D. 

      Rawl's theory is solely Kantian because it demands a basic level of individual rights


  • 16. 
    "an eye for an eye" and "a tooth for a tooth" are example of 
    • A. 

      Lex talionis

    • B. 

      Lex salica

    • C. 

      Lex rasa

    • D. 

      Lex mala


  • 17. 
    Retributive justice is best describes by what term
    • A. 

      Balance

    • B. 

      Deterrence

    • C. 

      Compensation

    • D. 

      Rehabilitation


  • 18. 
    An ancient right based on church power which allowed a person respite from punishment as long as he or she was within the confines of church grounds is called
    • A. 

      Refuge

    • B. 

      Sanctuary

    • C. 

      Asylum

    • D. 

      Haven


  • 19. 
    The type of justice that looks to the greatest good for all as the end is called
    • A. 

      Utilitarian justice

    • B. 

      Restorative justice

    • C. 

      Compensatory justice

    • D. 

      Egalitarian justice


  • 20. 
    According to Beccaria's and Bentham's utilitarian rationale, punishment should be based on
    • A. 

      The character of the victim

    • B. 

      The concept of mercy

    • C. 

      The seriousness of the crime

    • D. 

      The social status of the perpetrator


  • 21. 
    The concept of hedonistic calculus is associated with
    • A. 

      Beccaria

    • B. 

      Bentham

    • C. 

      Hirshci

    • D. 

      Sutherland


  • 22. 
    Deterrence is the central theme of what theory of corrective justice
    • A. 

      Utilitarian

    • B. 

      Retributive

    • C. 

      Substantive

    • D. 

      Compensatory


  • 23. 
    Procedural protections that are part of due process include all of the following except
    • A. 

      Right to appeal

    • B. 

      Right to the statement of findings

    • C. 

      Right to restart proceedings

    • D. 

      Right to a neutral hearing body


  • 24. 
    Boss described unjust laws as having several characteristics. which of the following is not one of these characteristics
    • A. 

      They are degrading to humans

    • B. 

      They are discriminatory against certain groups

    • C. 

      They are universal

    • D. 

      They are unjustly applied


  • 25. 
    The voluntary breaking of established laws based on one's moral beliefs is called
    • A. 

      Due process

    • B. 

      Moral exception

    • C. 

      Ethical justice

    • D. 

      Civil disobedience


  • 26. 
    (blank) is an approach to corrective justice that focuses on meeting the needs of all concerned
    • A. 

      Distributive justice

    • B. 

      Restorative justice

    • C. 

      Civil justice

    • D. 

      Utilitarian justice


  • 27. 
    Hallmarks of community justice models include the following excpet
    • A. 

      The process of justice employs local leadership, is informal, and invites participation from community members

    • B. 

      The goal is to repair the harm done to a community member by another community member in a way that will restore the health of the community relationship

    • C. 

      The authority of the justice giver is through the customs and traditions accepted by all members

    • D. 

      The punishment imposed by the community should be of equal or greater severity than the crime itself


  • 28. 
    The roots of restorative justice can be found as far back as
    • A. 

      Mayan and Aztec law

    • B. 

      Chinese law

    • C. 

      Roman and Grecian law

    • D. 

      Common law


  • 29. 
    The goals of community reparative boards include all the following except
    • A. 

      Promote citizen ownership of process

    • B. 

      Provide an opportunity for the offender to take personal responsibility

    • C. 

      Provide opportunity for victims and community members to confront offenders in a constructive manner

    • D. 

      Provide an opportunity for the victim and offender to reach an agreement as to punishment or payment


  • 30. 
    Which type of justice is most clearly associated with discussions of criminal law
    • A. 

      Communative

    • B. 

      Corrective

    • C. 

      Utilitarianism

    • D. 

      Distributive


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