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An issue that is narrow in scope and low in public visibility
An issue that is part of the president's legislative package
An issue that hasbeen highly dramatized by the media
An issue that engages legislators' deeply held convictions
An issue that divides legislators along party lines
They are all policy experts
They attempt to appeal to a broad spectrum of political interests
They often run their own candidates for political office
They lobby different levels of government
They have specific policy goals
Testify at congressional hearings
Donate money to federal judges
Endorse candidates for political office
Try to influence the media
Work on the campaigns of candidates
Interest groups compete with each other.
Interest groups provide linkage between people and the government.
One or two interest groups may dominate the debate over legislation.
Interest groups encourage membership from diverse groups that may disagree with their goals.
Interest groups have been protected by Supreme Court decisions.
The reactive nature of interest groups and lobbyists to new issues.
The increase in donations received by interest groups from their membership.
The trust citizens have in the legislative process.
The ability of lobbyists and special interest groups to get members from their own group to run for political office.
The increasing demand for campaign reform.
Officials who have a basic philosophical affinity with the lobbyist
Officials who have a basic philosophical difference with the lobbyist
Officials who are neutral with the lobbyist's position
Officials who have strong convictions
Officials who are very conservative
Candidates challenging Republican seats
Candidates challenging Democratic seats
Candidates who are new to the political scene
Candidates who have wide philosophical differences with the PAC
Candidates who hold incumbent status
They eventually want to end up as political office holders.
They nominate candidates for political office.
They have the primary function of funding political campaigns
They want to influence officeholders and achieve legislative goals
They attempt to recruit an elite membership in order to become influential.
Eliminated lobbyist gifts and vacations for legislators
Set strict contribution limitations for congressional campaigns
Created matching funds for congressional campaigns
Legitimized and increased the number of interest groups
Created strict registration procedures for lobbyists
II, III, and IV only
I, II, III, and IV only
I and IV only