Human A&p 2 - Endocrine System

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

  
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1.  A hormone is a chemical messenger released by cells in order to ______________________________. Hormones are either _________ __________ based or _______________.
2.  The endocrine glands are _______ _______ _______ _______ and  _______.
3.  The Neuroendocrine Gland is the ___________
4.  Features of the Endocrine system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
5.  Organs containing endocrine tissue
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
6.  A hormone regulates cell metabolism by:
  • changing membrane __________ through ion channels
  • Stimulating _________ _________
  • Activating and Deactivating __________
  • Induce _______ of molecules from cells
  • Stimulate ___________
7.  Mechanism of Amino-Based Hormones:
A. Binds to protein recpetors in
A.
B. Receptor binds to
B.
C. Gs activates
C.
D. Adenylate Cyclase produces
D.
E. CAMP activates
E.
F. Kinase A phosphorylates...
F.
G. Gi ______ Adenylate Cyclase
G.
H. G protein is inactive as GTP converts to
H.
8.  Mechanism of Steroid Hormones (and thyroid hormones):
  • Diffuse easily across plasma membrane 
  • Binds to an ___________ _________
  • Homone-receptor complex moves into __________ and binds with _______ (this stimulates _________)
  • _______ moves to cytoplasm where it is translated to a _________
9.  Response of Target Cells depends on:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
10.  When the number of receptors on a target cell increases this is called ______ ________
11.  When the number of receptors on a target cell decreases this is called ________ _________
12.  The Pituitary Gland is also called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The pituitary gland secretes __ major hormones:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The pituitary gland is connected to the hypothalamus via the
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The Posterior Pituitary Gland
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
16.  Production of hormones in the posterior pituitary gland:
A. Binds to protein recpetors in
A.
B. Receptor binds to
B.
C. Gs activates
C.
D. Adenylate Cyclase produces
D.
E. CAMP activates
E.
F. Kinase A phosphorylates...
F.
G. Gi ______ Adenylate Cyclase
G.
H. G protein is inactive as GTP converts to
H.
I. 1 Hypothalamic neurons synthesize
I.
J. Oxytocin and 2 ADH and oxytocin are transported to the
J.
K. 3 ADH and Oxytocin are then stored in
K.
L. 4 Oxytocin and ADH are released into the blood when
L.
17.  Oxytocin
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.
L.
M.
18.  Anti diuretic Hormone (ADH)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
19.  If blood becomes too concentrated, _______ goes to the kidney tubules and causes water to be reabsorbed and less urine is produced.
20.  Alcohol is a ______ and it inhibits ______ secretion causing and increase in ______ output.
21.  ADH Deficiency leads to Diabetes Insipidus
A.
B.
22.  The anterior pituitary
A.
B.
23.  The anterior pituitary is glandular and has no neural connection to the hypothalamus
A.
B.
24.  In the Anterior Pituitary gland, the Hypophyseal Portal System carries _______ and ______ hormones from the ventral hypothalamus to the _________
25.  Anterior Pituitary Hormones:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
26.  A Trophic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The four Trophic hormones in the Anterior pituitary
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
28.  Produced by Anterior Pituitary. Major target is Bones and Skeletal Muscle. Nontrophic.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Secretion of ________ results in ________ of Growth Hormone
A. Binds to protein recpetors in
A.
B. Receptor binds to
B.
C. Gs activates
C.
D. Adenylate Cyclase produces
D.
E. CAMP activates
E.
F. Kinase A phosphorylates...
F.
G. Gi ______ Adenylate Cyclase
G.
H. G protein is inactive as GTP converts to
H.
I. 1 Hypothalamic neurons synthesize
I.
J. Oxytocin and 2 ADH and oxytocin are transported to the
J.
K. 3 ADH and Oxytocin are then stored in
K.
L. 4 Oxytocin and ADH are released into the blood when
L.
M. GHIH
M.
N. GHRH
N.
30.  Growth Hormone Pathology
A. Binds to protein recpetors in
A.
B. Receptor binds to
B.
C. Gs activates
C.
D. Adenylate Cyclase produces
D.
E. CAMP activates
E.
F. Kinase A phosphorylates...
F.
G. Gi ______ Adenylate Cyclase
G.
H. G protein is inactive as GTP converts to
H.
I. 1 Hypothalamic neurons synthesize
I.
J. Oxytocin and 2 ADH and oxytocin are transported to the
J.
K. 3 ADH and Oxytocin are then stored in
K.
L. 4 Oxytocin and ADH are released into the blood when
L.
M. GHIH
M.
N. GHRH
N.
O. Pituitary Dwarfism
O.
P. Acromegaly
P.
Q. Accelerated aging
Q.
R. Gigantism
R.
S. Thickening of soft tissue
S.
T. Aquired GHD
T.
U.
U.
31.  TSH stands for ____________
32.  Release of TSH from the ____________ gland is triggered by release of ______ ( ________________ ) from the _________
33.  ______ and ______ both inhibit TSH secretion as a negative feedback mechanism 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  _______ stimulates adrenal cortex to release corticosteroid hormones 
35.  _____ -> ACTH -> _______ -> _________
36.  ______ -> TSH -> ______ -> ________
37.  _____ + _____ = Gonadotrophins 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
38.  ______ -> FSH+LH  -> ______ -> ________
39.  Prolactin's release is stimulated by _______ from the hypothalamus. Release is inhibited by _______ which is also known as dopamine. In females it stimulates __________. In males it enhances _________ production. 
40.  In females ____ estrogen leads to increased _____ 
A. Binds to protein recpetors in
A.
B. Receptor binds to
B.
C. Gs activates
C.
D. Adenylate Cyclase produces
D.
E. CAMP activates
E.
F. Kinase A phosphorylates...
F.
G. Gi ______ Adenylate Cyclase
G.
H. G protein is inactive as GTP converts to
H.
I. 1 Hypothalamic neurons synthesize
I.
J. Oxytocin and 2 ADH and oxytocin are transported to the
J.
K. 3 ADH and Oxytocin are then stored in
K.
L. 4 Oxytocin and ADH are released into the blood when
L.
M. GHIH
M.
N. GHRH
N.
O. Pituitary Dwarfism
O.
P. Acromegaly
P.
Q. Accelerated aging
Q.
R. Gigantism
R.
S. Thickening of soft tissue
S.
T. Aquired GHD
T.
U.
U.
V. Low
V.
W. High
W.
41.  ________ gland is located in the anterior trachea just below the larynx. 
42.  ______ Gland is the largest pure endocrine gland in the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Process of Thyroid Hormone Production...
A. Binds to protein recpetors in
A.
B. Receptor binds to
B.
C. Gs activates
C.
D. Adenylate Cyclase produces
D.
E. CAMP activates
E.
F. Kinase A phosphorylates...
F.
G. Gi ______ Adenylate Cyclase
G.
H. G protein is inactive as GTP converts to
H.
I. 1 Hypothalamic neurons synthesize
I.
J. Oxytocin and 2 ADH and oxytocin are transported to the
J.
K. 3 ADH and Oxytocin are then stored in
K.
L. 4 Oxytocin and ADH are released into the blood when
L.
M. GHIH
M.
N. GHRH
N.
O. Pituitary Dwarfism
O.
P. Acromegaly
P.
Q. Accelerated aging
Q.
R. Gigantism
R.
S. Thickening of soft tissue
S.
T. Aquired GHD
T.
U.
U.
V. Low
V.
W. High
W.
X. Walls of follicles made of
X.
Y. ...produce
Y.
Z. _____ is covalently bound to these molecules
Z.
. The two make a sticky _______ that is stored in the follicles
.
. Small globules of this colloid are endocytosed then ________ digest iodinated thyroglobulin
.
. This releases ______
.
44.  ______ Gland is unique in its ability to store hormone extracellularly 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Parafoliicular Cells in the Thyroid produce _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The Body's major metabolic hormone that affects almost every cell in the body 
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  _______ increases the body's use of glucose and increases metabolic rate of cells 
48.  Hypothyroidism
A. Binds to protein recpetors in
A.
B. Receptor binds to
B.
C. Gs activates
C.
D. Adenylate Cyclase produces
D.
E. CAMP activates
E.
F. Kinase A phosphorylates...
F.
G. Gi ______ Adenylate Cyclase
G.
H. G protein is inactive as GTP converts to
H.
I. 1 Hypothalamic neurons synthesize
I.
J. Oxytocin and 2 ADH and oxytocin are transported to the
J.
K. 3 ADH and Oxytocin are then stored in
K.
L. 4 Oxytocin and ADH are released into the blood when
L.
M. GHIH
M.
N. GHRH
N.
O. Pituitary Dwarfism
O.
P. Acromegaly
P.
Q. Accelerated aging
Q.
R. Gigantism
R.
S. Thickening of soft tissue
S.
T. Aquired GHD
T.
U.
U.
V. Low
V.
W. High
W.
X. Walls of follicles made of
X.
Y. ...produce
Y.
Z. _____ is covalently bound to these molecules
Z.
. The two make a sticky _______ that is stored in the follicles
.
. Small globules of this colloid are endocytosed then ________ digest iodinated thyroglobulin
.
. This releases ______
.
. In adults
.
. In children
.
. ?
.
49.  Myxedema 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
50.  Causes include: 
  • a missing or abnormally developed thyroid gland
  • pituitary gland's failure to stimulate the thyroid
  • defective or abnormal formation of thyroid hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Cretinism Symptoms:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
52.  Myxedema Symptoms: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
53.  An autoimmune disease where abnormal antibodies mimic TSH so blood TH levels are high. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
55.  Hyperthyroidism
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
56.  Calcitonin is used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  _____ is produced by the parafollicular cells of the thyroid gland
A.
B.
C.
58.  Calcitonin
  • ______ blood calcium and phosphate
  • ______ osteoblast activity and the uptake of calcium into the bone
  • ______ osteoclasts and the breakdown of bones 
59.  PTH is the opposite of ______
60.  Most important hormone at controlling blood calcium levels 
61.  PTH
  • ______ osteoclasts to breakdown bone and release calcium 
  • ______ loss of calcium in urine
  • ______ absorption of calcium from intestine 
62.  _______ is a symptom of ______
A. Binds to protein recpetors in
A.
B. Receptor binds to
B.
C. Gs activates
C.
D. Adenylate Cyclase produces
D.
E. CAMP activates
E.
F. Kinase A phosphorylates...
F.
G. Gi ______ Adenylate Cyclase
G.
H. G protein is inactive as GTP converts to
H.
I. 1 Hypothalamic neurons synthesize
I.
J. Oxytocin and 2 ADH and oxytocin are transported to the
J.
K. 3 ADH and Oxytocin are then stored in
K.