Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

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1.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
Discuss this Question
4.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
Discuss this Question
11.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
12.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
15.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
25.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
39.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
40.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
42.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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