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Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

53 Questions  I  By Rossj
Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance
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1.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
4.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
5.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
9.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
13.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
14.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
15.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
17.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
19.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
21.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
27.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
30.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
32.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
44.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
51.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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