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Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

53 Questions  I  By Rossj
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Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance
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1.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
6.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
10.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
13.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
16.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
22.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
25.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
27.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
32.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
36.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
38.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
40.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
46.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
51.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
53.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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