Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

53 Questions  I  By Rossj
Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance
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1.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
2.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
5.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
7.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
11.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
19.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
23.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
24.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
26.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
36.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
37.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
47.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
51.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
53.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
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