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Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

53 Questions  I  By Rossj
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Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance
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1.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
3.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
5.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
14.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
22.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
25.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
26.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
27.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
33.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
43.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
44.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
45.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
46.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
50.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
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