Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

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1.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
2.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
3.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
9.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
14.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
15.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
16.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
21.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
25.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
30.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
37.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
39.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
45.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
46.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
48.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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