Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

47 Questions  I  By Rossj
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1.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
10.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
11.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
13.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
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16.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
27.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
29.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
35.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
47.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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