Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

53 Questions  I  By Rossj
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1.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
8.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
19.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
26.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
28.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
37.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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38.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
45.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
47.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
53.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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