Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

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Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance
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1.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
2.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
6.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
9.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
12.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
14.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
15.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
19.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
24.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
27.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
35.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
36.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
37.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
45.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
51.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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