Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

53 Questions  I  By Rossj
Fluid and electrolyte imbalance
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1.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
4.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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7.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
12.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
15.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
24.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
29.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
31.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
32.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
44.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
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