Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

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1.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
Discuss this Question
9.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
14.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
15.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
16.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
30.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
39.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
Discuss this Question
44.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
45.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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