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Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

53 Questions  I  By Rossj
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Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance
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1.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
2.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
4.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
11.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
14.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
17.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
18.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
25.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
26.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
29.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
34.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
38.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
47.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
50.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
53.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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