Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

53 Questions  I  By Rossj
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1.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
8.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
11.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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16.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
17.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
30.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
37.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
42.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
45.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
46.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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