Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

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Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance
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1.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
3.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
10.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
12.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
14.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
19.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
21.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
22.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
30.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
35.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
42.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
44.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
46.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
47.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
51.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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