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Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

53 Questions  I  By Rossj
Fluid and electrolyte imbalance
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1.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
3.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
16.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
19.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
20.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
25.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
28.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
34.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
36.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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