Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance

53 Questions  I  By Rossj on January 2, 2009
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1.  A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Why is old blood and injuries like burns important to K monitoring?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  A nurse understand hypertonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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5.  A nurse understand the use of hypertonic solutions to be used in surgery when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  A nurse understands isotonic solutions when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Hyponatremic encephalopaphy is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  K is important for what functions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  How can a person cause themselves to have hyperphosphotemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A nurse understand K and IV infusion when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Nurse Lala is assessing her pt's IV site.  She notices that is red and warm to the touch.  What can Lala take away from this?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Three reasons for IV fluid use is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  A nurse understand hypokalermia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What symptoms do pts with Hyperkalemia exhibit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
22.  How often does a nurse want to assess a pt on IV fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?
A.
B.
25.  Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Concentrations of electrolytes are similar in ICF and ECF.
A.
B.
27.  Nancy is having a low output of urine.  The doctor orders an hypotonic solution.  Should you question the order?
A.
B.
28.    Hyponatremia GI losses include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  What does magnesium balance with
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Jack is an astronaut.  What could be a problem for Jack?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Hypokalemia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  How much Ca is stored in the bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Who is at greatest risk from D5W in post op situations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  A nurse understands K and renal function when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  A nurse understand Ca and hormones when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Why is insulin good for K regulation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  If there is an increase in phosphorus, what is the relationship to Ca?
A.
B.
40.  A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
41.  Can Hypercalemia be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
42.  Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  An increase in phosphorous may cause high deposits of calcium where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Oral K is not usually a problem unless a pt has this problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Serum Na is what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  What are manifestations of hyperkalemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  In pt teaching about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Mary Anne is a 86 year old woman.  She has olguria and a swollen tongue.  She does ask for water.  She is confused and has muscle weakness.  Her Na serum came back at 165.  What could the problem be?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:
A.
B.
C.
53.  Hypernatremia can be caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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