Civil Rights Movement Exam

65 Questions  I  By Lellingson
Civil Rights Movement Exam
Civil Rights Movement - African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Women, Native Americans

  
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1.  Which of the following affirmed the legality of racial segregation and prompted the passage of the Jim Crow laws?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which doctrine relating to public education was overturned by the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  According to the Kerner Commission, what was the main cause of urban violence?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made segregation illegal in which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The Civil Rights Act of 1968 banned discrimination in which activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  What was the main type of pressure exerted by the Montgomery Improvement Association in response to segregation on buses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of the following was not advocated by the Black Panthers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which of the following is an example of de facto segregation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  To achieve victory in the struggle for civil rights, Martin L. King, Jr., and other members of SCLC encouraged a policy of
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Martin Luther King, Jr., was a founder and the first president of the ___.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  One accomplishment of the ____ was bringing about a federal ban on segregation in all interstate travel facilities.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  De jure segregation is segregation that results from ___.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Appealing to many African Americans' anger and frustration over a lack of social and economic power, ___ preached a militant approach to civil rights.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A major turning point in the civil rights movement was marked by ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  One legacy of the civil rights movement that has been challenged in recent years is ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  In waht way were CORE and SCLC alike?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The black power movement taught that African Americans should
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following was a result of the civil rights movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Stokley Carmichael called on African Americans to support
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Civil rights activists used this technique to force segregated establishments (businesses) to serve African Americans.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  In the 1920s and 1930s, the NAACP had success in challenging
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The Congress of Racial Equality pursued its goals through
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) was organized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Martin Luther King, Jr., influenced by Gandhi, believed in
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The Freedom Rides were organized to test
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  After Freedom Riders were violently attacked in Alabama, they
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Unlike the early civil rights leaders, Malcolm X believed strongly that
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  All of the following resulted from the civil rights movement EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The greatest achievement of the NAACP during the Civil Rights movement was winning the Brown v. Board of Education decision which
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  This organization goals were equal rights through gradual change using nonviolent protest based on Gandhi's philosophy of non-violent civil disobedience.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  This ogranization focused on recruiting young activist and pushing for immediate change
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The sit-ins protested segregation in
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Sit-ins were primarily conducted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The Freedom Rides main purpose was
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which of the following was a government response to the Freedom Rides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Which of the following was not a result of the Birmingham protests?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  At first, President Kennedy moved slowly on civil rights issues to avoid
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The brutality against blacks in Birmingham prompted Kennedy to
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Use the following quotation from a Supreme Court decision to answer the following question. "We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place.  Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."This quotation expresses the decision in the case of
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Use the following quotation from a Supreme Court decision to answer the following question. "We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place.  Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."The decision was based on the idea that segregated schools are likely to
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  "we will match your capacity to inflict suffering with our capacity to endure suffering... we will not hate you, but we cannot obey your unjust laws..."  Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.The above quotation advocates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which action in U.S. history is an example of civil disobedience?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  An analysis of the civil rights leadership of Martin Luther King Jr., Stokely Carmichael, and Malcom X would show that each
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Opposition to civil rights reform in the 1960's is best illustrated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The "I Have a Dream" speech of Martin Luther King, Jr., during the March on Washington, in August 1963, appealed to African Americans because
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following was NOT a result of Govenor Fabus opposing the desegregation of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The 1965 Voting Rights Act was a result primarily of
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Urban rioting by blacks from1964 to 1968 occurred where and was a result of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which of the following was NOT an effect of the Civil Rights movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  One example of the shift in attitudes brought about by the Women's movement was a significant change in
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Why was ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment important to NOW members?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The Equal Rights Amendment passed Congress in 1972 and then
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  The women's movement was divided over
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Many women rejected the women's movement because they
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following women was the most outspoken critic of the women's movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Cesar Chavez used nonviolent means to organize Mexican-American
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  The event that was most repsonsible for Cesar Chavez's group gaining negotiating power was
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The modern feminist movement became more organized and focused after the
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Phyllis Schlafly became well known for her efforts to
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  The members of the counterculture movement were mostly
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Which of the following is NOT considered a force that weakened the counterculture movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Which group was founded specifically to address the grievances of women that were not adequately addressed by the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Whom did conservatives blame for the increasing permissiveness in American society?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The conservative reaction to the counterculture
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Who started the Black Panthers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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