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The Fourteenth Amendment
The Civil Rights Act of 1875
The decision in Plessy v. Ferguson
The decision in Morgan v. Virginia
Due process of law.
"separate but equal".
"all deliberate speed".
Equal protection of the law.
De jure segregation.
Hiring an employee
Selling or renting a home.
Awarding a construction contract.
Admitting students to state universities.
Jim Crow Laws.
A concentration of urban African Americans in slum areas.
A voter literacy test given to African Americans in the South.
Nation of Islam.
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.
Southern Christian Leadership Committee.
Students Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
Little Rock Nine.
Habit and custom.
Inequalities in education.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Fannie Lou Hamer.
The conversion of Malcolm X to orthodox Islam.
The drifting apart of SNCC and SCLC.
The assasination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
The assassination of Robert Kennedy.
Equal opportunity in housing.
Affirmative action programs.
Black participation in politics.
Separate but equal facilities.
Both relied on militant tactics.
Both were founded by church leaders.
Both promoted nonviolent protest.
Neither was interracial.
Separate from white society and lead their own communities.
Strive to end segregation with boycotts and strikes.
Emigrate back to Africa, similar to Marcus Garvey.
Use nonviolent protest to bring about change.
The federal government rebuilt the nation's ghettos.
De facto sgregation ended in the North.
Racism in the South came to an end.
Thousands of African Americans could vote for the first time.
The Nation of Islam.
None of these.
The March on Washington.
Women's church groups.
Bold newspaper advertisements.
Young African Americans.
African American clergyman.
White and African American businessmen.
"an eye for an eye".
Fighting back only if struck first.
A Supreme Court decision.
The safety of buses.
A congressional decree.
The character of local police officers.
Moved the protest to Chicago.
Armed themselves for protection.
Abandonded the protest.
Received federal protection.
The races should be separated.
African Americans should copy whites.
School should be fully integrated.
African Americans should move to Mecca.
Making segregation illegal.
Opening the political process to more African Americans.
Eliminating poverty for African Americans in the U.S.
Giving African Americans a new sense of ethnic pride.
Ordered public schools to desegregate.
Allowed black-white marriages.
Ended segregation of transportation.
Protected blacks rights to vote.
All of these.
Black WWII veterans.
To desegregate interstate busses.
Desegregate restaurant chains.
Desegregate bus waiting rooms.
Test southern states compliance with the Supreme Court ruling.
Justice Department would sue transportation facilities that continued to segregate.
Attorney General Kennedy stopped the Freedom Rides half way along their route.
Attorney General Kennedy had federal marshals escort the Freedom Rides to their finish.
Attorney General Kennedy refused to support the Freedom Rides and had them arrested.
City facilities were desegrated.
Fairer hiring practices were instituted.
White churches in the city fully supported equal rights for blacks in all areas.
An interracial commission was established in Birmingham to aid in communication.
Promoting the Freedom Rides.
Offending the southern Democratic senators.
Upsetting Martin Luther King, Jr.
Embarrassing Soviet leader Khrushchev.
Vote for a fair housing bill.
Propose a strong civil rights bill.
Jail several southern Democratic senators.
Release Martin Luther King on bail.
Plessy v. Ferguson
Virginia v. Loving
Korematsu v. United States
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Cause members of a minority to feel socially inferior.
Experience unneccessary administrative problems.
Place excessive burdens on school transportation.
Require unfair increases in school taxes.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People sued the state of Kansas for violating the constitutional rights of public school students.
The congress of racial equality supported legal segregation of buses and trains in the south.
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference organized a boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, until transportation facilities were integrated.
Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat to a white man.
Received the greatest support from African Americans in the rural south.
Believed in the philosophy of passive resistance.
Rejected help from white supporters.
Chose a different method to try to achieve racial justice.
Police action in Birmingham, Alabama
President Kennedy's actions
Northern members of Congress
All of the above
It coined the phrase "black pride"
Many had long been deprived of their civil rights
It caused nostalgia for life in the Old South
It called for a violent revolution
President Eisenhower refused to intervene fearing a loss of southern political support
The NAACP supporting Little Rock Nine throughout their yearlong experience at Central High
President Eisenhower sending in the army to protect the nine black students
White segregationalists harassed the nine black students the entire school year
President Kennedy's support
The March on Washington and the Selma March
Mississippi Freedom Summer and the Selma March
The murders of civil rights workers: Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner
The south, frustration with discriminationin jobs, education, and lack of voting rights
The north, frustration with dis crimination in jobs, education and police brutality
The south, young blacks becoming frustrated with SCLC's peaceful civil disobedience
The north, Martin Luther King and Malcom X's assassinations
Black pride and black studies programs in schools
Gauranteed right to vote
Poverty in urban ghettos
An increase in elected black officials
Men's treatment of women
Women's career goals
It would provide a legal guarantee of equal opportunities for women
It would legalize "conciousness-raising" groups
It would outlaw legal segregation
It would prohibit discrimination based on race
Was vetoed by the President
Was approved by the Supreme Court
Became law 10 years later
Failed in the ratification process
Other women rejecting radical feminist's goals
Radical feminist's rejection of men and marriage
All of these
Preferred traditional roles
Thought it was too weak to succeed
Thought it was too easy on men
Wanted to achieve equality on their own
A protest march
An act of Congress
A national boycott
Passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Publication of the Feminine Mystique.
Publication of the first issue of Ms. magazine.
Founding of the National Women's Political Caucus.
Get the Equal Rights Amendment ratified.
Defeat the Equal Rights Amendment.
Organize radical demonstrations for women's rights.
Reverse the Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wade.
Enterainers, artists, and musicians.
Latinos and Native Americans.
Poor urban youth.
White, middle-class college youths.
The effects of drug use.
Dependency on mainstream America.
National Organization for Women
Ohio Women's Suffrage Association
Women and minorities.
Campus rebels and the counterculture.
Was largely ineffective.
Helped propel Richard M. Nixon into the White House.
Set the nation on a more liberal course.
Posed a danger to traditional values.
Huey B Newton