Chapter 5: Civil Rights And Public Policy

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1.  The rallying cry for groups demanding more equality has been
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Policies that are designed to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government officials or individuals are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  American society tends to emphasize
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The word "equality" does not appear in the original Constitution
A.
B.
5.  The idea of equality in the Constitution first appeared in the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The five words in the Constitution that refer to equality are
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The Supreme Court has ruled that classifications based on gender are subject to a lower level of scrutiny than classifications based on race
A.
B.
8.  In the case of Dread Scott v. Sandford (1857), the Supreme Court defended the idea of
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The Thirteenth Amendment
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B.
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D.
10.  During the first ten years after the Civil War, many African American men held both state and federal offices
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B.
11.  In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court upheld a Lousiana law providing for
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B.
C.
D.
12.  The case of Brown v. Board of Education (1954) ended the era of
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B.
C.
D.
13.  School busing was a practice upheld in the case of
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B.
C.
D.
14.  Children assigned to schools near their homes when those homes are in racially segregated neighborhoods is an example of
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B.
C.
D.
15.  The civil rights movement organized both African Americans and Whites to end segregation.
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B.
16.  Which of the following was NOT a key strategy of the civil rights movement?
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B.
C.
D.
17.  The 1950s and 1960s saw a marked increase in public policies to foster racial equality primarily due to 
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B.
C.
D.
18.  Racial discrimination in public places became illegal by the 
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B.
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D.
19.  By the 1980s, few, if any, forms of racial discrimination were left to legislate against.
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B.
20.  Suffrage is the legal right to 
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B.
C.
D.
21.  The fifteenth Amendment extended suffrage to 
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B.
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D.
22.  Implementation of the Fifteenth Amendment proceeded swiftly and with the total support of the states.
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B.
23.  Southern states attempted to deny African Americans the right to vote through the use of the
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B.
C.
D.
24.  Poll taxes were declared void by the
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B.
C.
D.
25.  Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the Voting Rights Act of 1965?
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B.
C.
D.
26.  Which of the following statements is FALSE?
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B.
C.
D.
27.  Hispanic Americans are the largest minority group in the United States.
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B.
28.  In the case of Korematsu v. United States (1944), the Supreme Court upheld
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B.
C.
D.
29.  Equality for women did not appear on the nation's political agenda until the middle o the twentieth century.
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B.
30.  Suffrage for women was achieved with the passage of the 
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B.
C.
D.
31.  Winning the right to vote gave the women's movement great momentum in the fight for equality
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B.
32.  After women received the right to vote, public policy toward women was dominated by the idea of
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B.
C.
D.
33.  The Equal Rights Amendment was first introduced in Congress as an Amendment in 1923
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B.
34.  The Supreme Court ruled in Reed v. Reed (1971) that
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B.
C.
D.
35.  Statutes and regulations prohibit women from serving in combat
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B.
36.  The Supreme Court has made it very difficult to prove sexual harassment.
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B.
37.  The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 
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B.
C.
D.
38.  The one group that probably faces the toughest battle for equality is
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B.
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D.
39.  Members of the armed services who declare their homosexuality face discharge unless they can prove they will remain celibate.
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B.
40.  Affirmative action emphasizes quela opportunities over equal results.
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B.
41.  The SUpreme Court held that an admissions quota for particular groups was illegal in
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B.
C.
D.
42.  Opposition to affirmative action is especially strong when people view it as 
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B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following statements is FALSE?
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B.
C.
D.
44.  Today, debates about equality typically center on each of the following key types of inequality in AMerica EXCEPT
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B.
C.
D.
45.  School busing was used as a tool for segregation after the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
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B.
46.  The Supreme Court has voided laws that
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B.
C.
D.
47.  Most American mothers who have children below school age are in the labor force.
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B.
48.  The Civil Rights and women's equity in Employment Act of 1991
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B.
C.
D.
49.  COmparable worth is based on the idea that comparable wages should be paid to 
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C.
D.
50.  The subject referred to by the head of the US Civil Rights Commission in the Reagan Administration as "the craziest idea since Looney Tunes" was
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D.
51.  Age discrimination is one area that has received very little attention from the US Congress
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B.
52.  The women's movement and the civil rights movement converged when it came to the debate over
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B.
C.
D.
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