Chapter 5: Civil Rights And Public Policy

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  • 1. 
    The rallying cry for groups demanding more equality has been
    • A. 

      Civil rights

    • B. 

      Civil liberties

    • C. 

      Civil disobedience

    • D. 

      Civil war


  • 2. 
    Policies that are designed to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government officials or individuals are called
    • A. 

      Social policies

    • B. 

      Civil liberties

    • C. 

      Civil rights

    • D. 

      Civil equalities


  • 3. 
    American society tends to emphasize
    • A. 

      Equal results

    • B. 

      Equal rewards

    • C. 

      Equal opportunities

    • D. 

      Equal distributions


  • 4. 
    The word "equality" does not appear in the original Constitution
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 5. 
    The idea of equality in the Constitution first appeared in the 
    • A. 

      Original Constitution

    • B. 

      Bill of Rights

    • C. 

      Fourteenth Amendment

    • D. 

      Nineteenth Amendment


  • 6. 
    The five words in the Constitution that refer to equality are
    • A. 

      "all men are created equal"

    • B. 

      "equality and justice for all"

    • C. 

      "equal protection of the laws."

    • D. 

      "equal representation of the states"


  • 7. 
    The Supreme Court has ruled that classifications based on gender are subject to a lower level of scrutiny than classifications based on race
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 8. 
    In the case of Dread Scott v. Sandford (1857), the Supreme Court defended the idea of
    • A. 

      Slavery

    • B. 

      Equality

    • C. 

      Civil rights

    • D. 

      Equal protection of the laws


  • 9. 
    The Thirteenth Amendment
    • A. 

      Promoted equal protection of the laws

    • B. 

      Gave women the right to vote

    • C. 

      Abolished slavery

    • D. 

      Legalized segregation


  • 10. 
    During the first ten years after the Civil War, many African American men held both state and federal offices
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 11. 
    In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court upheld a Lousiana law providing for
    • A. 

      Slavery

    • B. 

      The civil rights movement

    • C. 

      Equal opportunity

    • D. 

      Segregated facilities


  • 12. 
    The case of Brown v. Board of Education (1954) ended the era of
    • A. 

      Slavery

    • B. 

      Legal segregation

    • C. 

      Civil rights

    • D. 

      Equal opportunity


  • 13. 
    School busing was a practice upheld in the case of
    • A. 

      Dred Scott v. Sandford

    • B. 

      Plessy v. Ferguson

    • C. 

      Brown v. Board of Education

    • D. 

      Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenberg County schools


  • 14. 
    Children assigned to schools near their homes when those homes are in racially segregated neighborhoods is an example of
    • A. 

      Separate but equal

    • B. 

      De jure segregation

    • C. 

      De facto segregation

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 15. 
    The civil rights movement organized both African Americans and Whites to end segregation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    Which of the following was NOT a key strategy of the civil rights movement?
    • A. 

      Sit-ins

    • B. 

      Marches

    • C. 

      Quiet acceptance

    • D. 

      Civil disobedience


  • 17. 
    The 1950s and 1960s saw a marked increase in public policies to foster racial equality primarily due to 
    • A. 

      Court decisions

    • B. 

      The civil rights movement

    • C. 

      Increased African American voting

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 18. 
    Racial discrimination in public places became illegal by the 
    • A. 

      Supreme Court case of Brown v. Board of Education

    • B. 

      Civil Rights Act of 1964

    • C. 

      Voting Rights Act of 1965

    • D. 

      Equality in Employment Act of 1991


  • 19. 
    By the 1980s, few, if any, forms of racial discrimination were left to legislate against.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    Suffrage is the legal right to 
    • A. 

      Free speech

    • B. 

      Vote

    • C. 

      Equal opportunities

    • D. 

      Suffer


  • 21. 
    The fifteenth Amendment extended suffrage to 
    • A. 

      African Americans

    • B. 

      Women

    • C. 

      Native Americans

    • D. 

      Naturalized citizens.


  • 22. 
    Implementation of the Fifteenth Amendment proceeded swiftly and with the total support of the states.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 23. 
    Southern states attempted to deny African Americans the right to vote through the use of the
    • A. 

      Literacy test

    • B. 

      Poll tax

    • C. 

      White primary

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 24. 
    Poll taxes were declared void by the
    • A. 

      Thirteenth Amendment

    • B. 

      Fifteenth Amendment

    • C. 

      Nineteenth Amendment

    • D. 

      Twenty-fourth amendment


  • 25. 
    Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the Voting Rights Act of 1965?
    • A. 

      The registration of many southern black voters

    • B. 

      The use of White primaries

    • C. 

      The election of more black officials

    • D. 

      The intervention of federal election registrars


  • 26. 
    Which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Native Americans comprise the oldest American minority

    • B. 

      African Americans achieved citizenship before Native Americans

    • C. 

      The Indian Claims Act was passed by Congress to settle disputes arising from lands taken from Indians

    • D. 

      Native Americans are not protected by policy protections against discrimination


  • 27. 
    Hispanic Americans are the largest minority group in the United States.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 28. 
    In the case of Korematsu v. United States (1944), the Supreme Court upheld
    • A. 

      Affirmative action programs for Asian AMericans

    • B. 

      The tribal system of government for Native Americans

    • C. 

      The internment of Americans of Japanese descent

    • D. 

      The enforcement of immigration policies


  • 29. 
    Equality for women did not appear on the nation's political agenda until the middle o the twentieth century.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 30. 
    Suffrage for women was achieved with the passage of the 
    • A. 

      Tenth amendment

    • B. 

      Fifteenth Amendment

    • C. 

      Nineteenth Amendment

    • D. 

      Twenty fourth amendment


  • 31. 
    Winning the right to vote gave the women's movement great momentum in the fight for equality
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 32. 
    After women received the right to vote, public policy toward women was dominated by the idea of
    • A. 

      Protectionism

    • B. 

      Equality

    • C. 

      Coverture

    • D. 

      Autonomy


  • 33. 
    The Equal Rights Amendment was first introduced in Congress as an Amendment in 1923
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 34. 
    The Supreme Court ruled in Reed v. Reed (1971) that
    • A. 

      Any arbitrary sex-based classification under state law violated the equal protection clause

    • B. 

      People should be paid comparable wages for comparable jobs

    • C. 

      Women should be allowed to hold combat positions in the military

    • D. 

      Sexual harassment violated federal policies against sexual discrimination in the workplace


  • 35. 
    Statutes and regulations prohibit women from serving in combat
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 36. 
    The Supreme Court has made it very difficult to prove sexual harassment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 37. 
    The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 
    • A. 

      Strengthened previous protections against discrimination against the disabled.

    • B. 

      Required employers and public facilities to make reasonable accommodations.

    • C. 

      Prohibited employment discrimination against the disabled

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 38. 
    The one group that probably faces the toughest battle for equality is
    • A. 

      The handicapped

    • B. 

      The elderly

    • C. 

      Young people

    • D. 

      Gays and lesbians


  • 39. 
    Members of the armed services who declare their homosexuality face discharge unless they can prove they will remain celibate.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 40. 
    Affirmative action emphasizes quela opportunities over equal results.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 41. 
    The SUpreme Court held that an admissions quota for particular groups was illegal in
    • A. 

      United Steelworkers of America, AFL-CIO v. Weber

    • B. 

      Fullilove v. Klutznick

    • C. 

      Regents of the University of California c. Bakke

    • D. 

      Wygart v. Jackson Board of Education


  • 42. 
    Opposition to affirmative action is especially strong when people view it as 
    • A. 

      Affecting only African Americans

    • B. 

      A for of separate-but-equal

    • C. 

      Reverse discrimination

    • D. 

      Discriminating against women


  • 43. 
    Which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Equality is a basic principle of democracy

    • B. 

      Th principle of equality can invite the denial of minority rights

    • C. 

      Civil rights laws and court decisions tell groups and individuals that there are certain things they may and may not do

    • D. 

      Current civil rights policies conform to the eighteenth-century idea of limited government.


  • 44. 
    Today, debates about equality typically center on each of the following key types of inequality in AMerica EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Discrimination based on income

    • B. 

      Racial discrimination

    • C. 

      Gender discrimination

    • D. 

      Discrimination based on age, disability, and other factors.


  • 45. 
    School busing was used as a tool for segregation after the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 46. 
    The Supreme Court has voided laws that
    • A. 

      Provide for alimony payment to women only

    • B. 

      Close nursing schools to men

    • C. 

      Set a higher age for drinking for men than for women

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 47. 
    Most American mothers who have children below school age are in the labor force.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 48. 
    The Civil Rights and women's equity in Employment Act of 1991
    • A. 

      Banned sex discrimination in employment

    • B. 

      Forbade sex discrimination in federally subsidized education programs

    • C. 

      SHifted the burden of proof in justifying hiring and promotion practices to employers

    • D. 

      Made it illegal for employers to exclude pregnancy and childbirth from their health-benefits plans.


  • 49. 
    COmparable worth is based on the idea that comparable wages should be paid to 
    • A. 

      Blacks and whites

    • B. 

      Men and women

    • C. 

      People performing jobs requiring comparable skill

    • D. 

      People holding comparable job titles


  • 50. 
    The subject referred to by the head of the US Civil Rights Commission in the Reagan Administration as "the craziest idea since Looney Tunes" was
    • A. 

      Suffrage for women

    • B. 

      Comparable worth

    • C. 

      The Equal Rights Amendment

    • D. 

      Affirmative Action


  • 51. 
    Age discrimination is one area that has received very little attention from the US Congress
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 52. 
    The women's movement and the civil rights movement converged when it came to the debate over
    • A. 

      Comparable worth

    • B. 

      The Equal Rights Amendment

    • C. 

      Affirmative Action

    • D. 

      Protectionism


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