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Chapter 28 Test: Planets, Stars, And Galaxies

38 Questions  I  By [email protected]
Chapter 28 Test: Planets, Stars, and Galaxies
This is a quiz over the planets, stars, and galaxies and the contents of Chapter 28 including, true false, multiple choice, and fill in the blank. Answer the questions to the best of your ability and follow directions. Good luck :)

  
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1.  Giant stars have diameters____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  When a star like the sun begins to die, its core temperature ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  What is a neutron star?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  What is the most abundant gas in the solar system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The band on the Hertzprung- Russell diagram that runs from the upper left (high luminosity, high surface temperature) to the lower right (low luminosity, low surface temperature) is called____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The remains of a star after a supernova is ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A black hole is ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The result of gases after a star explodes is called a ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Stars that are nearing the end of their life and were once red giants are called______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The Earth turns from___.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The Hertzsprung-Russell diagram plots the____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  When a large star explodes as a supernova, most of the time it creates____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A star begins its life in a cloud of gas and dust. The cloud is called a ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  If a start is more massive, it is likely to have____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The Big Dipper is part of the constellation____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Stars that change in brightness as they expand and contract are called____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The lower the stars magnitude number, the ____ the star is.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  A pulsar is a ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  A _____ _______ is the final stage of an extremely large star, with a gravitational field so intense that not even light can escape.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  A very distant, extremely luminous celestial object that scientists consider to be a type of active galactic nuclei is a ___________.
21.  A ____ _______ is a star with more than 100 times the mass of our sun.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  ________ is a neutron star that is spinning very rapidly.
23.  The temperature of the Universe is gradually____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The Big Bang model states that _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A _______ _____ is the full range of wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  __________ _______ are yellow supergiants whose cycles of brightness range from 1-50 days, but mostly 5 days.
27.  Glowing areas in the birth place of a star are called____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The sun is about____% hydrogen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  How many light years is the sun from the Milky Way's center?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  How far away is an Astronomical Unit from Earth to the Sun?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  An _____ _______ shows the wavelengths of visible light that a glowing gas emits.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  What is a galaxy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What is apparent magnitude?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The hottest star has a ____ color.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  A_____ ____ is a burst of light that results from the sudden collapse of an iron core of a massive star.
36.  Super Giants are_____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The sun's apparent magnitude is ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  If two stars have the same size temperature and are the same distance from Earth, the ____ star would be more luminous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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