Chapter 28 Test: Planets, Stars, And Galaxies

38 Questions  I  By [email protected]
This is a quiz over the planets, stars, and galaxies and the contents of Chapter 28 including, true false, multiple choice, and fill in the blank. Answer the questions to the best of your ability and follow directions. Good luck :)

  
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1.  Giant stars have diameters____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  How far away is an Astronomical Unit from Earth to the Sun?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  What is a galaxy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The Earth turns from___.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A very distant, extremely luminous celestial object that scientists consider to be a type of active galactic nuclei is a ___________.
6.  An _____ _______ shows the wavelengths of visible light that a glowing gas emits.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A ____ _______ is a star with more than 100 times the mass of our sun.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The hottest star has a ____ color.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The band on the Hertzprung- Russell diagram that runs from the upper left (high luminosity, high surface temperature) to the lower right (low luminosity, low surface temperature) is called____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The Big Dipper is part of the constellation____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  A black hole is ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  A_____ ____ is a burst of light that results from the sudden collapse of an iron core of a massive star.
13.  The sun is about____% hydrogen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A star begins its life in a cloud of gas and dust. The cloud is called a ____.
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B.
C.
D.
15.  When a large star explodes as a supernova, most of the time it creates____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  A _______ _____ is the full range of wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation.
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B.
C.
D.
17.  A _____ _______ is the final stage of an extremely large star, with a gravitational field so intense that not even light can escape.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What is a neutron star?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  The Hertzsprung-Russell diagram plots the____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The temperature of the Universe is gradually____.
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B.
C.
D.
21.  If a start is more massive, it is likely to have____.
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B.
C.
D.
22.  The Big Bang model states that _____.
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B.
C.
D.
23.  A pulsar is a ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The result of gases after a star explodes is called a ____.
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B.
C.
D.
25.  How many light years is the sun from the Milky Way's center?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The sun's apparent magnitude is ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  ________ is a neutron star that is spinning very rapidly.
28.  Stars that are nearing the end of their life and were once red giants are called______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What is apparent magnitude?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The remains of a star after a supernova is ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Stars that change in brightness as they expand and contract are called____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  __________ _______ are yellow supergiants whose cycles of brightness range from 1-50 days, but mostly 5 days.
33.  The lower the stars magnitude number, the ____ the star is.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  When a star like the sun begins to die, its core temperature ______.
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B.
C.
D.
35.  If two stars have the same size temperature and are the same distance from Earth, the ____ star would be more luminous.
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B.
C.
D.
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36.  Glowing areas in the birth place of a star are called____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  What is the most abundant gas in the solar system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Super Giants are_____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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