Chapter 15: Urinary System Quiz

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Urinary System Quizzes & Trivia

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    Each kidney has a medial ______________________, where in the renal ___________, renal _________, and the ____________ are seen.

  • 2. 
    The ____________ are slender tubes running from each kidney to the bladder. 

  • 3. 
    The ____________ is a muscular sac posterior to the pubic symphsis. 

  • 4. 
    The action of emptying the urinary bladder is called _________.
    • A. 

      Urination

    • B. 

      Peristalsis

    • C. 

      Eversion

    • D. 

      Micturition

    • E. 

      Urochrome


  • 5. 
    What are the structural and functional units of the kidneys involved in forming urine?
    • A. 

      Calyces

    • B. 

      Medullary pyramids

    • C. 

      Nephrons

    • D. 

      Renal columns

    • E. 

      Renal pelvises


  • 6. 
    Which of the following substances enters the renal tubule by both filtration and secretion?
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Creatine

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Urea

    • E. 

      Water


  • 7. 
    The regulation of blood pH by the elimination of excess acids or alkaline substances from the body is accomplished by the:
    • A. 

      Bicarbonate buffer system

    • B. 

      Phosphate buffer system

    • C. 

      Protein buffer system

    • D. 

      Respiratory system

    • E. 

      Renal mechanism


  • 8. 
    The notch on the medial surface of the kidney, through which the blood vessels enter and leave the kidney, is called the:
    • A. 

      Calyx

    • B. 

      Hilus

    • C. 

      Renal pelvis

    • D. 

      Renal cortex

    • E. 

      Ureter


  • 9. 
    The uptake of substances from the lumen of the nephrons is known as tubular reabsorption.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 10. 
    The portion of the nephron closest to the collecting duct is called the glomerulus.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


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