Blood Vessels A & P II Lab Quiz

50 Questions  I  By Kimdberly
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Blood Quizzes & Trivia
This is a review my A & P II teacher gave. It is almost identical to my quiz except does not include pictures for labeling.

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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    Which blood vessels carries blood away from the heart?_____________________

  • 2. 
    Which blood vessels drain the tissues and return blood to the heart?_________________

  • 3. 
    Which blood vessels connect the arterioles and venules and ramify throughout the tissues to directly serve the needs of the body’s cells?____________________

  • 4. 
    What are three coats of the walls of the blood vessels (except microscopic capillary)? Starting with the innermost, use a comma & space between layers/coats_______ _______, ________ _______, ________ ________

  • 5. 
    What type of the epithelium is composed of a thin layer of endothelium?______________ ______________ epithelium

  • 6. 
    What are the functions of the tunica externa/adventitia? _________________ &  _______________To get this correct you must add the & sign

  • 7. 
    Which types of arteries must be sufficiently strong to withstand pressure fluctuation?
    • A. 


    • B. 


    • C. 


  • 8. 
    Which blood vessels are called low-pressure vessels?
    • A. 


    • B. 


    • C. 


  • 9. 
    _____________________ are structures that act to prevent backflow of blood in large veins.

  • 10. 
    When is blood milked through the veins?
    • A. 

      It is not milked through veins it is milked through arteries.

    • B. 

      When a mother is breastfeeding her new born.

    • C. 

      When skeletal muscle surrounding the veins contract & relax.

  • 11. 
    The ________________ is the largest artery of the body.

  • 12. 
    _________ _________ _________ & ________ ________ ________ are two branches of the ascending aorta.(You must type out the & sign to get this correct)

  • 13. 
    ______ ______ ______ ______ & ______ ______ _____ are two branches of the brachiocephalic artery?(you must type out the & sign to get this correct) Note: the spaces

  • 14. 
    Check off the branches of the external carotid artery.(more than one answers is allowed)
    • A. 

      Superficial temporal Artery

    • B. 

      Maxillary Artery

    • C. 

      Ophthalmic Artery

    • D. 

      Facial Artery

    • E. 

      Vertebral Artery

    • F. 

      Occipital Artery

  • 15. 
    Identify three branches of the right and left subclavian arteries.
    • A. 

      Vertebral Artery

    • B. 

      Basilar Artery

    • C. 

      Thyrocervical Trunk

    • D. 

      Elephant Trunk

    • E. 

      Costocervical Trunk

    • F. 

      Superior Thyroid Artery

  • 16. 
    The subclavian artery turns into the __________ artery near the armpit.

  • 17. 
    Name three branches of the celiac trunk?
    • A. 

      Celiac Branch

    • B. 

      Left Gastric Artery

    • C. 

      Common Hepatic Artery

    • D. 

      Right Gastric Artery

    • E. 

      Splenic Artery

    • F. 

      Superior Mesenteric Artery

  • 18. 
    The __________ _________ artery supplies most of the small intestine.

  • 19. 
    ________ artery supplies the kidney.

  • 20. 
    The name for gonadal arteries in the female and in the male are what?(more than one answer is allowed)
    • A. 

      Uterus Arteries

    • B. 

      Femoral Arteries

    • C. 

      Ovarian Arteries

    • D. 

      Pubic Arteries

    • E. 

      Testicular Arteries

  • 21. 
    The _______ ______ artery supplies the distal half of the large intestine.

  • 22. 
    What region does the descending aorta divide into the large common iliac arteries?
    • A. 


    • B. 


    • C. 


    • D. 


  • 23. 
    The femoral artery under the knee is also know as the ________ artery?

  • 24. 
    Which artery is often palpated in patients with circulation problems of the leg to determine the circulatory efficiency of the limb as a whole? 

  • 25. 
    The _______ _______ ______ empties veins draining the head and the upper extremities. 

  • 26. 
    Veins draining the lower body empty into the _____ _____ _____?

  • 27. 
    What region does the inferior vena cava begin?
    • A. 


    • B. 


    • C. 


    • D. 

      Lower abdominal

  • 28. 
    The inferior vena cava begins in the lower abdominal region with the union of the paired ______ ______ veins, which drains venous blood from the legs & pelvis.

  • 29. 
    ______ ______ vein is the longest vein in the body.

  • 30. 
    The great saphenous vein empties into the ________ vein.

  • 31. 
    The right & left __________ veins drain the head, neck, & upper extremities & unite to form the superior vena cava.

  • 32. 
    The _______ ________ veins are large veins that drain the superior sagittal sinus & other dural sinuses of the brain.

  • 33. 
    The superficial temporal and facial veins drain blood into the ____ _____ vein.

  • 34. 
    The brachial vein is formed by the union of the deep _____ & _______ veins of the forearm.(You need to type the & sign to get this correct)

  • 35. 
    The superficial venous drainage of the arm includes the ______ vein, which courses along the lateral aspect of the arm & empties into the ______ vein.(Put a single space between the answers)

  • 36. 
    The ______ vein found on the medial aspect of the arm and enters the _____ vein.(Put a single space between the answers) 

  • 37. 
    Name the vein which runs between the cephalic and basilic veins and is often the site of choice for removing blood for testing purposes. 

  • 38. 
    Name the vein, which drains the right side of the thorax and enters the dorsal aspect of the superior vena cava.

  • 39. 
    Name the vein, which delivers blood to the liver for processing, from the digestive viscera, spleen, and pancreas

  • 40. 
    The _____ _____ vein, draining the distal portions of the large intestine joins the ______ vein.(Put a single space between the answers) 

  • 41. 
    What two veins unite to form the hepatic portal?(Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Inferior Mesenteric Vein

    • B. 

      Superior Mesenteric Vein

    • C. 

      Left Gastric Vein

    • D. 

      Splenic Vein

  • 42. 
    What part of the digestive system receives blood from the superior mesenteric vein?

  • 43. 
    What vein drains directly into the hepatic portal vein? 

  • 44. 
    The _____ vein drains the liver and enters into the ____ _____ _____.(Put a single space between the answers) 

  • 45. 
    Which two system (or organs) are not yet functional in a developing fetus?

  • 46. 
    Fetal blood travels through the umbilical cord, which contains three blood vessels. Two smaller umbilical arteries & one large umbilical vein. The umbilical arteries convert into the ____ _____ _____ & the umbilical vein converts into _____ _____ in a new born.(Hit enter after each answer)

  • 47. 
    Name the shunt vessel which perfuses the liver and ducts to the inferior vena cava in fetus.

  • 48. 
    What is the Ductus venosus called in a newborn?

  • 49. 
    Name two shunts in the fetus which entirely bypass the lungs (from the right atrium to the left atrium; from the pulmonary trunk to the aorta). (Press enter between the answers)

  • 50. 
    Name two shunts in a newborn which entirely bypass the lungs ( from the right atrium to the left atrium; from the pulmonary trunk to the aorta).(Press enter between answers)

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