Ati - Med/surg - Renal System

10 Questions  I  By Lailaa
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Ati - Med/surg - Renal System
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    Which of the following is false?
    • A. 

      Dialysis is used to rid the body of excess fluid and electorytes

    • B. 

      Hemodialysis requires internal or external access device

    • C. 

      Peritoneal dialysis involves instillation of fluid into the peritoneal cavity and the peritoneum serves as the filtration membrane

    • D. 

      Dialysis replaces the hormonal functions of the kidney, such as the release of erythropoietin

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 2. 
    Which of the following is not a risk factor for dialysis?
    • A. 

      Renal sufficiency

    • B. 

      Drug overdose

    • C. 

      Chronic renal failure

    • D. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 3. 
    Which of the following is not a complication following hemodialysis?
    • A. 

      Hypotension and Headache

    • B. 

      Muscle cramps and Bleeding

    • C. 

      Hypervolemia and N&V

    • D. 

      Hepatitis and Disequilibrium syndrome

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not included in patient teaching?
    • A. 

      Avoid carrying objects that compress the extrimity

    • B. 

      Avoid all liftining

    • C. 

      Perform hand exercises that promote fistula maturation

    • D. 

      Avoid sleeping with body weight on top of the extremity with the access device

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 5. 
    Which of the following is expected:
    • A. 

      Increase in weight

    • B. 

      Decrease in blood pressure

    • C. 

      Decrease in BUN

    • D. 

      Decrease in eletrolytes

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 6. 
    In regards to peritoneal dialysis, which of the following does not need to be reported to the physician?
    • A. 

      Respiratory distress

    • B. 

      Abdominal pain

    • C. 

      Inflow that exceeds outflow

    • D. 

      Light yellow outflow

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 7. 
    The nurse observes that the PD catheter has a fibrin clot, the nurse's priority duty is to:
    • A. 

      Strip the catheter

    • B. 

      Discontinue the infusion and notify the primary care provider

    • C. 

      Milk the PD catheter

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 8. 
    Which is true of disequilibrium syndrome?
    • A. 

      It is a complication of peritoneal dialysis

    • B. 

      Requires clean technique

    • C. 

      Signs include abdominal pain and hyperglycemia

    • D. 

      Is an aspect of peritonitis

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 9. 
    Which of the following is not a complication of hemodialysis?
    • A. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • B. 

      Disequilibrium syndrome

    • C. 

      Anemia

    • D. 

      Hypotension

    • E. 

      Infectious diseases


  • 10. 
    Which of the following is the major complication of PD?
    • A. 

      Infection at access site

    • B. 

      Protein loss

    • C. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • D. 

      Peritonitis

    • E. 

      None of the above


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