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AST Practice Test - Part 1 Of 2

135 Questions
Medical Quizzes & Trivia

250 question practice exam for AST certification. Topics covered are basic sciences, preoperative patient care, preoperative case management, intraoperative case management, postoperative case management, surgical specialties/procedures, and ancillary functions. Part 1: questions 1-135

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Ligated with a hemoclip

    • B. 

      Retracted witha Penrose drain

    • C. 

      Incised for ease of access

    • D. 

      Clamped with a Kelly

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Absorbed by an enzyme action

    • B. 

      Absorbed by the process of hydrolysis

    • C. 

      Nonabsorbable

    • D. 

      Encapsulated by body tissue

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      15

    • B. 

      17

    • C. 

      20

    • D. 

      27

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      There may be an inflammation or infection present

    • B. 

      The count is within normal range, and surgery can proceed

    • C. 

      The count is below normal

    • D. 

      There may be an anemic condition present, and surgery should be canceled

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Closer to the body

    • B. 

      Away from the body

    • C. 

      In the center of the body

    • D. 

      Toward the feet

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Esophagus

    • B. 

      Sigmoid colon

    • C. 

      Ileum

    • D. 

      Duodenum

  • 7. 
    In which case would a Frazier suction be used?
    • A. 

      Eye

    • B. 

      Ear

    • C. 

      Gynecology

    • D. 

      General

  • 8. 
    Airborne contamination is reduced by recirculation of filtered outside air at a rate of
    • A. 

      12 air exchanges per minute

    • B. 

      12 air exchanges per hour

    • C. 

      20 air exchanges per minute

    • D. 

      25 air exchanges per hour

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Ensure safe and healthful working conditions

    • B. 

      Provide a mechanism for peer review

    • C. 

      Establish quality assurance

    • D. 

      Provide standards of patient care

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Wrapping child in plastic materials

    • B. 

      Warming blanket

    • C. 

      Increasing room temperature

    • D. 

      Hot water bottles

  • 11. 
    If a family is contacted but cannot come in to sign a permission for emergency surgery, the surgeon should
    • A. 

      Wait until they arrive

    • B. 

      Accept permission by phone, telegram, or in written communication

    • C. 

      Ask another physician to sign

    • D. 

      Refuse to do the case

  • 12. 
    Unwrapped instruments are sterilized at 270F (132C) for a minimum of
    • A. 

      3 minutes

    • B. 

      5 minutes

    • C. 

      7 minutes

    • D. 

      10 minutes

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Mesentary tissue

    • B. 

      Rectus muscle

    • C. 

      Fascial tissue

    • D. 

      Subcutaneous tissue

  • 14. 
    A hernia that passes through the inguinal ring into the inguinal canal is termed
    • A. 

      Direct

    • B. 

      Indiret

    • C. 

      Pantaloon

    • D. 

      Sliding

  • 15. 
    Dead space is the space
    • A. 

      That has no blood supply

    • B. 

      Caused by separation of wound edges that have not been closely approximated

    • C. 

      Where the tissue has been approximated with sutures

    • D. 

      Where the suture line has broken down

  • 16. 
    Wrapped tubing can be sterilized at 250F for a minimum of
    • A. 

      5 minutes

    • B. 

      10 minutes

    • C. 

      20 minutes

    • D. 

      30 minutes

  • 17. 
    Funnel chest is also known as
    • A. 

      Pectus carinatum

    • B. 

      Pectus excavatum

    • C. 

      Atresia

    • D. 

      Ramstedt-Fredet

  • 18. 
    Which term denotes low or decreased blood volume?
    • A. 

      Anoxia

    • B. 

      Hypovolemia

    • C. 

      Hypoxia

    • D. 

      Hypocapnia

  • 19. 
    Injection of contrast media into the brachial, carotid, or vertebral artery to study the intracranial vessels is called
    • A. 

      Myelography

    • B. 

      Pneumoencephalography

    • C. 

      Computed axial tomography (CAT) scan

    • D. 

      Angiography

  • 20. 
    Instruments and other items sterilized together in the flash autoclave require
    • A. 

      3 minutes at 270F

    • B. 

      53 minutes at 250F

    • C. 

      10 minutes at 270F

    • D. 

      30 minutes at 250F

  • 21. 
    Suture material that becomes encapsulated with fibrous tissue during the healing process is
    • A. 

      Nonabsorbable suture

    • B. 

      Absorbable suture

    • C. 

      Synthetic absorbable suture

    • D. 

      Gut suture

  • 22. 
    A right hemicolectomy is performed to remove pathology of the
    • A. 

      Descending colon

    • B. 

      Ascending colon

    • C. 

      Sigmoid colon

    • D. 

      Mesocolon

  • 23. 
    Dacryo refers to
    • A. 

      Eyelid

    • B. 

      Eyeball

    • C. 

      Cornea

    • D. 

      Lacrimal gland

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      At stretcher level

    • B. 

      Below stretcher level

    • C. 

      Above stretcher level

    • D. 

      Optionally

  • 25. 
    The maximum size of a linen pack must not exceed
    • A. 

      8x10x16 in

    • B. 

      10x14x18 in

    • C. 

      12x12x20 in

    • D. 

      14x16x36 in

  • 26. 
    Another name for a stay suture is a(n)
    • A. 

      Tension suture

    • B. 

      Retention suture

    • C. 

      Interrupted suture

    • D. 

      Buried suture

  • 27. 
    Which two anatomic structures are ligated and divided to effect a cholecystectomy?
    • A. 

      Common hepatic duct, common bile duct

    • B. 

      Cystic duct, cystic artery

    • C. 

      Common bile duct, cystic artery

    • D. 

      Cystic duct, hepatic artery

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      Lymph

    • B. 

      Gland

    • C. 

      Joint

    • D. 

      Bone

  • 29. 
    When the patient is being transferred fromt he OR table after surgery, the action should be
    • A. 

      Swift but cautious in order to get the patient to the recovery room as quickly as possible

    • B. 

      Performed with comfort of the patient as the prime concern

    • C. 

      Gentle and rapid so that the paitent does not wake up

    • D. 

      Gentle and slow in order to prevent circulatory depression

  • 30. 
    In steam sterilization, the function of pressure is to
    • A. 

      Destroy microorganisms

    • B. 

      Increase the temperature of the steam

    • C. 

      Lower the exposure time

    • D. 

      Create condensation

  • 31. 
    Which of the following suture materials is not generally used in the presence of infection?
    • A. 

      Silk

    • B. 

      Surgical gut

    • C. 

      Polypropylene

    • D. 

      Stainless steel

  • 32. 
    Radical surgery done for lower sigmoid or rectal malignancy is a(n)
    • A. 

      Wertheim's procedure

    • B. 

      Abdominal perineal resection

    • C. 

      Whipple procedure

    • D. 

      Pelvic exenteration

  • 33. 
    The term for fluid or water in the ventricles of the brain is
    • A. 

      Hydrophobia

    • B. 

      Hydrocephalus

    • C. 

      Hydrocele

    • D. 

      Hydronephrosis

  • 34. 
    The patient may be left on the transport stretcher unattended
    • A. 

      Under no circumstances

    • B. 

      If he or she is alert and responsible

    • C. 

      If her or she is sound asleep

    • D. 

      If he or she can be observed by passing personnel

  • 35. 
    212 F is equivalent to
    • A. 

      32 C

    • B. 

      98.6 C

    • C. 

      100 C

    • D. 

      175 C

  • 36. 
    An anti-inflammatory drug whose effect is useful in reversing early rejection of organ transplants is
    • A. 

      Cyclosporine

    • B. 

      Polyclonal

    • C. 

      Prednisone

    • D. 

      Orthoclone

  • 37. 
    A congenital abnormality of the musculature between the stomach and the duodenum is called
    • A. 

      Esophageal atresia

    • B. 

      Pyloric stenosis

    • C. 

      Intestinal atresia

    • D. 

      Duodenal atresia

  • 38. 
    • A. 

      Ridge

    • B. 

      Basin-like depression

    • C. 

      Projection

    • D. 

      Seam

  • 39. 
    A procedure performed to treat myasthenia gravis is a(n)
    • A. 

      Adrenalectomy

    • B. 

      Splenectomy

    • C. 

      Thymectomy

    • D. 

      Parathyroidectomy

  • 40. 
    The purpose of lidocaine installation during a tracheotomy is to
    • A. 

      Extend anesthesia

    • B. 

      Decrease coughing

    • C. 

      Decrease gag reflex

    • D. 

      Reduce edema

  • 41. 
    A procedure that is done to give the bowel a rest when there is advanced inflammation is
    • A. 

      Abdominoperineal resection (APR)

    • B. 

      Right hemicolecomty

    • C. 

      Anterior sigmoid resection

    • D. 

      Temporary colostomy

  • 42. 
    A forceps used to grasp lung tissue is
    • A. 

      Crile

    • B. 

      Adson

    • C. 

      Duval

    • D. 

      Walton

  • 43. 
    Heath-sensitive items that can be completely immersed can be processed via the _____ in 30 minutes.
    • A. 

      Ethylene oxide (ETO) sterilizer

    • B. 

      Endoflush

    • C. 

      Gravity displacement sterilizer

    • D. 

      STERIS

  • 44. 
    The maximum recommended dosage of local anesthetic drug per hour is
    • A. 

      10 mL of 1% solution

    • B. 

      50 mL of 1% solution

    • C. 

      150 mL of 1% solution

    • D. 

      250 mL of 1% solution

  • 45. 
    Ischemia can be defined as
    • A. 

      Excessive blood supply to a part

    • B. 

      Deficient blood supply to a part

    • C. 

      Abnormal condition of the hipbone

    • D. 

      Abnormal condition of the ischium and the anus

  • 46. 
    The person transporting the patiet on a stretcher should
    • A. 

      Push the stretcher from the head

    • B. 

      Pull the stretcher by the foot

    • C. 

      Guide the stretcher from either side

    • D. 

      Guide the stretcher from any position that is comfortable

  • 47. 
    Activated gluteraldehyde
    • A. 

      Is corrosive to instruments

    • B. 

      Causes damage to lenses or the cement on lensed intruments

    • C. 

      Is absorbed by rubber and plastic

    • D. 

      Can be reused

  • 48. 
    A Weitlaner is a
    • A. 

      Dissector

    • B. 

      Grasper

    • C. 

      Forceps

    • D. 

      Retractor

  • 49. 
    • A. 

      Head

    • B. 

      Body

    • C. 

      Tail

    • D. 

      Splenic portion

  • 50. 
    The purpose of the two-way stopcock on a Varres needle is
    • A. 

      To deflate pneumoperitoneum

    • B. 

      To control gas flow

    • C. 

      To release excess gas

    • D. 

      To permit passage of accessory items

  • 51. 
    An abormal communication between two parts occuring in the anorectal area is called
    • A. 

      Fissure in ano

    • B. 

      Fistula in ano

    • C. 

      Ischiorectal abcess

    • D. 

      Hemorrhoid

  • 52. 
    Burn removal of tissue down to fascia where all superficial layers are denuded is called
    • A. 

      Escharectomy

    • B. 

      Debridement

    • C. 

      Tangential excision

    • D. 

      Fasciotomy

  • 53. 
    The mothod of sterilization used for liquids is
    • A. 

      Slow exhaust

    • B. 

      Fast exhaust

    • C. 

      Gas

    • D. 

      Dry heat

  • 54. 
    Medullary canal reamers are used to inset
    • A. 

      Smith-Petersen nails

    • B. 

      Richards nails

    • C. 

      Jewett nails

    • D. 

      Kuntschner nails

  • 55. 
    A protrusion of fat through an abdominal wall defect between the xiphoid process and umbilicus is a(n)
    • A. 

      Umbilical hernia

    • B. 

      Diaphragmatic hernia

    • C. 

      Epigastric hernia

    • D. 

      Spigelian hernia

  • 56. 
    • A. 

      Supine

    • B. 

      Trendelenburg

    • C. 

      Reverse Trendelenburg

    • D. 

      Dorsal recumbent

  • 57. 
    What part of the cell is destroyed in steam sterilization?
    • A. 

      Cell protein

    • B. 

      Ovum

    • C. 

      Monocyte

    • D. 

      Basophil

  • 58. 
    Which scope has a trocar?
    • A. 

      Cystoscope

    • B. 

      Laparoscope

    • C. 

      Laryngoscope

    • D. 

      Bronchoscope

  • 59. 
    Laminar air flow provides
    • A. 

      Ultraclean air

    • B. 

      Controlled filter, dilution, and distrubution of air

    • C. 

      Unidirectional positive-pressure stream of air

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 60. 
    A rotator cuff tear would occur in the
    • A. 

      Hip

    • B. 

      Shoulder

    • C. 

      Ankle

    • D. 

      Knee

  • 61. 
    Which position would be chosen for a pneumonectomy?
    • A. 

      Supine

    • B. 

      Dorsal

    • C. 

      Lateral

    • D. 

      Kraske

  • 62. 
    When preparing tubing or any item with a lumen for gas sterilization
    • A. 

      A residual of distilled water should be left in the lumen

    • B. 

      The lumen should be blown out with air to forcde-dry before packaging

    • C. 

      A residual of slaine should be left in the lumen

    • D. 

      It does not matter if it is moist or dry

  • 63. 
    A rib raspatory is a
    • A. 

      Sauerbruck

    • B. 

      Alexander

    • C. 

      Josephs

    • D. 

      Stille-Luer

  • 64. 
    A right-angled gallbaldder forceps is a
    • A. 

      Crile

    • B. 

      Mixter

    • C. 

      Jackson

    • D. 

      Rochester-Pean

  • 65. 
    A self-retaining mouth gag is a
    • A. 

      Jennings

    • B. 

      Hurd

    • C. 

      Castro

    • D. 

      Cushing

  • 66. 
    The maximum storage life for a muslin-wrapped item on open shelving is
    • A. 

      7 days

    • B. 

      14 days

    • C. 

      30 days

    • D. 

      Indefinite

  • 67. 
    How are the legs placed in the lateral position?
    • A. 

      Both legs are straight

    • B. 

      Both legs are bent

    • C. 

      The lower leg is flexed with the upper leg straight

    • D. 

      The lower leg is straight with the upper leg flexed

  • 68. 
    Which statement regarding the changing of a glove during an operation is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Closed-glove technique is used

    • B. 

      Open-glove technique is used

    • C. 

      Another team member assists in regloving

    • D. 

      Either B or C

  • 69. 
    Each statement regarding OR room ventilation is true EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Ventilation provides a minimum of 20-30 aire exchanges per hour

    • B. 

      Scavenger systems prevent buildup of anesthetic gases

    • C. 

      Humidity is kept at 20-30%

    • D. 

      Room temperature is 68-76 F

  • 70. 
    How many thoracic vertebrae are there?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      12

  • 71. 
    When moving a patient form lithotomy position
    • A. 

      Lower legs together quickly

    • B. 

      Lower legs together slowly

    • C. 

      Lower each leg separately and slowly

    • D. 

      Lower each leg separately and quickly

  • 72. 
    If a sterile musiln package drops to the floor
    • A. 

      It may never be used

    • B. 

      It may be used if it is carefully checked

    • C. 

      It may be used if the floor is dry

    • D. 

      It may be used if it is dusted off

  • 73. 
    A tonsil suction is a
    • A. 

      Young

    • B. 

      Poole

    • C. 

      Frazier

    • D. 

      Yankauer

  • 74. 
    The most susceptible organ to laser injury is the
    • A. 

      Nasopharynx

    • B. 

      Ovaries

    • C. 

      Testes

    • D. 

      Eyes

  • 75. 
    The principal hazard encountered in splenectomy is
    • A. 

      Trauma to adjacent structures

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Hemorrhage

    • D. 

      Poor visualization of organs

  • 76. 
    When assisting with a cast application one must
    • A. 

      Handle cast with flat open hands

    • B. 

      Hold plaster bandage under water horizontally to allow air bubbles to escape

    • C. 

      Provide water in busket at body temperature

    • D. 

      Place all rolls to by used inwater and remove as surgeon requests each

  • 77. 
    The most common postoperative complication of orthopedic surgery is
    • A. 

      Nonunion

    • B. 

      Osteomyelitis

    • C. 

      Thromboembolism

    • D. 

      Urinary tract infection

  • 78. 
    Which is an acceptable means of pouring a sterile solution onto a sterile field?
    • A. 

      The scrub nurse holds a receptacle away from the table as the circulator pours

    • B. 

      The scrub nurse sets the receptacle near the edge of a waterproof-draped table

    • C. 

      All solutions are poured over the ring stand by the circulator

    • D. 

      A and B

  • 79. 
    Which nerve is affected by pressure on the lower leg or knee?
    • A. 

      Phrenic

    • B. 

      Pudendal

    • C. 

      Perineal

    • D. 

      Peroneal

  • 80. 
    What advantage is phacoemulsification for cataract removal?
    • A. 

      Shortened convalescence

    • B. 

      Superior cosmetic effect

    • C. 

      Employs small incision

    • D. 

      A and C

  • 81. 
    The structure that covers the enterance of the larynx when one swallows, thus preventing food from entering the airway (trachea) is called
    • A. 

      Glottis

    • B. 

      Vocal fold

    • C. 

      Epiglottis

    • D. 

      Oropharynx

  • 82. 
    Physiologic salt solution used intravenously when the body needs additional sodium, calcium, and ptoassium is
    • A. 

      Dextran

    • B. 

      Normal saline

    • C. 

      Dextrose in saline

    • D. 

      Ringer's lactate

  • 83. 
    In the lateral chest position, a sandbag or padding is placed under the chest at axillary level to
    • A. 

      Facilitate respiration

    • B. 

      Aid in position stability

    • C. 

      Prevent pressure on the lower arm

    • D. 

      Create good body alignment

  • 84. 
    A viscous jelly used to occupy space, thus preventing damage, in anterior segment surgery of the eye is
    • A. 

      Healon

    • B. 

      Chymar

    • C. 

      Miocol

    • D. 

      Wydase

  • 85. 
    Which of the following is frequently used over an incision following pediatric surgery?
    • A. 

      Collodian

    • B. 

      Benzoin

    • C. 

      Pressure dressing

    • D. 

      Cotton-elastic bandage

  • 86. 
    An agent used for epidural, spinal, or local providing good relaxation is
    • A. 

      Marcaine

    • B. 

      Norcuron

    • C. 

      Ketalar

    • D. 

      Sublimaze

  • 87. 
    The instrument used to measure the depth of the uterus during a dilation and curettage is a
    • A. 

      Sim's curette

    • B. 

      Jacob's forceps

    • C. 

      Boseman forceps

    • D. 

      Uterine sound

  • 88. 
    Vagotomy is performed for peptic ulcer disease to
    • A. 

      Decrease transmission of pain stimuli

    • B. 

      Increase secretion of gastrin

    • C. 

      Increase circulation to the greater curvature

    • D. 

      Decrease secretion of gastric acid

  • 89. 
    Before surgery, elastic bandages or special stockings are sometimes applied to the lower extremities to
    • A. 

      Prevent pressure areas

    • B. 

      Prevent skin irritation

    • C. 

      Prevent venous stasis

    • D. 

      Prevent chilling

  • 90. 
    Surgical masks should be changed
    • A. 

      After each case

    • B. 

      Daily

    • C. 

      Twice a day

    • D. 

      Every 2 hours

  • 91. 
    Why would benzoin be applied to the skin before dressing application?
    • A. 

      To facilitate easier removal

    • B. 

      To increase adhesiveness

    • C. 

      To add a microbial film to the skin

    • D. 

      To prevent allergic reaction to tape

  • 92. 
    Closing the interal os of an incompetent cervix with a ligature of tape is called
    • A. 

      Manchester

    • B. 

      Wertheim

    • C. 

      Shirodkar

    • D. 

      Le Fort

  • 93. 
    Pneumoperitoneum is effected by instilling gas into the peritoneal cavity by way of a
    • A. 

      Silverman needle

    • B. 

      Verres needle

    • C. 

      Trocar

    • D. 

      Craig needle

  • 94. 
    In addition to providing bladder drainage followng a suprapubic prostatectomy, a Foley catheter
    • A. 

      Exerts pressure to obain hemostasis

    • B. 

      Provides for bladder expansion

    • C. 

      Prevents nosocomial infection

    • D. 

      Prevents bladder atrophy

  • 95. 
    Electrical connection of the patient to the conductive floor is assured by
    • A. 

      A conductive strap over the sheet covering the patient

    • B. 

      A conductive table mattress

    • C. 

      A conductive strap in direct contact with the patient's skin, with one end of the strap fastened to the OR table metal frame

    • D. 

      A ground plate under the patient

  • 96. 
    Safety during use of the defibrillator includes all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Maintaining contact with OR table and the patient

    • B. 

      Keeping hands dry

    • C. 

      Standing on dry floor

    • D. 

      Pressing paddle switches simultaneously

  • 97. 
    A drug that may be used as an IV flush or as a flush for a blood vessel lumen is
    • A. 

      Vitamin K

    • B. 

      Heparin

    • C. 

      Coumarin

    • D. 

      Desmopressin acetate

  • 98. 
    Nipple reconstruction can be enhanced by the used of a(n)
    • A. 

      Tattoo

    • B. 

      Flap technique

    • C. 

      Laser

    • D. 

      TRAM

  • 99. 
    Where are the adrenal gland located?
    • A. 

      In the brain

    • B. 

      Above the kidney

    • C. 

      In the pancreas

    • D. 

      Alongside the thyroid

  • 100. 
    • A. 

      Large uterus

    • B. 

      Malignancy

    • C. 

      Adnexal mass

    • D. 

      Presence of cystocele

  • 101. 
    Instruments used to close the vaginal vault in an abdominal hysterectomy nust be
    • A. 

      Kept separate from the setup before use

    • B. 

      Considered contaminated after use

    • C. 

      Noncrushing clamps

    • D. 

      Kept on the Mayo stand after use

  • 102. 
    The addition of adrenalin to a local anesthetic provides
    • A. 

      Vasodilation, heightened anesthesia, decreased bleeding

    • B. 

      Vasodilation, increased oxygenation of tissue, decreased bleeding

    • C. 

      Vasoconstriction, increased absorption, decreased bleeding

    • D. 

      Vasoconstriction, prolonged anesthesia decreased bleeding

  • 103. 
    During laser surgery, each of the following policies must be adhered to EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Signs are placed on doors

    • B. 

      Prescription glasses are approved protection mechanisms

    • C. 

      Patient's eyes are protected with moistened pads or goggles

    • D. 

      All persons iwthin the treatment area wear protective eyewear

  • 104. 
    There are _____ parathyroids
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      5

  • 105. 
    A constant closed suction that utilized a plastic container serving as both a suction and receptacle for blood is a
    • A. 

      Hemovac

    • B. 

      Robinson

    • C. 

      Sengstaken-Blakemore

    • D. 

      Potts-Smith

  • 106. 
    The sphincter at the juntion of the small and large intestine is the
    • A. 

      Sphincter of Oddi

    • B. 

      Ileocecal sphincter

    • C. 

      Pyloric sphincter

    • D. 

      Duodenal sphincter

  • 107. 
    Which hepatitis poses a threat to health care workers?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 108. 
    A dye used in gynecology to test tubal patency is
    • A. 

      Methylene blue

    • B. 

      Fluorescein

    • C. 

      Gentian violet

    • D. 

      Anilene

  • 109. 
    Which stage of wound healing takes place when there is tissue loss with an inability to approximate wound edge?
    • A. 

      First (primary)

    • B. 

      Second (granulaiton)

    • C. 

      Third

    • D. 

      Delayed primary

  • 110. 
    An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tunica vaginalis is referred to as a
    • A. 

      Cystocele

    • B. 

      Hydrocele

    • C. 

      Sprematocele

    • D. 

      Varicocele

  • 111. 
    Periosteum is lifted from the surface of the bone with a(n)
    • A. 

      Rongeur

    • B. 

      Curette

    • C. 

      Osteotome

    • D. 

      Elevator

  • 112. 
    Repair of a cranial defect is surgically represented by the term
    • A. 

      Trephination

    • B. 

      Cranioplasty

    • C. 

      Craniosynostosis

    • D. 

      Craniectomy

  • 113. 
    For surgery on a known AIDS patient, all of the following precautions should be followed EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Wear double gloves

    • B. 

      Masks and protective eyewear worn

    • C. 

      Needles resheathed

    • D. 

      Universal precautions undertaken

  • 114. 
    Health care workers who are potentially exposed to blood, can be vaccinated to prevent
    • A. 

      Hepatitis A virus

    • B. 

      Hepatitis B virus

    • C. 

      Non-A and non-B hepatitis

    • D. 

      Delta hepatitis

  • 115. 
    An alternative indewelling urinary drainage system diverting urine away from the urethra is a
    • A. 

      Suprapubic cystostomy catheterization

    • B. 

      French catheterization

    • C. 

      Ureteral catheterization

    • D. 

      Urethral catheterization

  • 116. 
    A common raiopaque contrast medium used in the OR is
    • A. 

      Barium sulfate

    • B. 

      Ritalin

    • C. 

      Baralyme

    • D. 

      Renografin

  • 117. 
    What is the purpose of a chest tube and water-seal drainage?
    • A. 

      Evacuate fluid and air

    • B. 

      Evacuate lung secretions

    • C. 

      Oxygenate the lung

    • D. 

      Plug the hole in the chest wall

  • 118. 
    Extreme flexion of the thighs in the lithotomy position impairs
    • A. 

      Circulatory function

    • B. 

      Respiratory function

    • C. 

      Nerve continuity

    • D. 

      Operative ability

  • 119. 
    A femoral-popliteal bypass is scheduled.  Which self-retaining retractor would be used to facilitate exploration of the femoral artery?
    • A. 

      Mason-Judd

    • B. 

      DeBakey

    • C. 

      Weitlaner

    • D. 

      Craford

  • 120. 
    A double-bowl-shaped glass evacuator used to irrigate the bladder during transurethral surgery is call a(n)
    • A. 

      Robb

    • B. 

      Valentine

    • C. 

      Ellik

    • D. 

      Toomey

  • 121. 
    An approach to infection controll designed to prevent transmission of blood-borne diseases in health care settings is called
    • A. 

      Aseptic technique

    • B. 

      Sanitization

    • C. 

      Universal precautions

    • D. 

      Disinfection

  • 122. 
    An elevated PSA test could be indicative of cancer of the
    • A. 

      Lung

    • B. 

      Prostate

    • C. 

      Lymph nodes

    • D. 

      Cervix

  • 123. 
    In which intention of healing is there a wide, fibrous scar?
    • A. 

      Primary

    • B. 

      Secondary

    • C. 

      Third

    • D. 

      Fourth

  • 124. 
    Which Gram-positive bacteria can cause abscesses?
    • A. 

      Escherichia coli

    • B. 

      Salmonella

    • C. 

      Proteus

    • D. 

      Staphylococcus aureus

  • 125. 
    Mannito is a(n)
    • A. 

      Anticholinergic

    • B. 

      Osmotic diuretic

    • C. 

      Stimulant

    • D. 

      Beta-blocker

  • 126. 
    The organism causing hepatitis B is a
    • A. 

      Virus

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Fungus

    • D. 

      Protozoa

  • 127. 
    An example of an anti-inflammatory is
    • A. 

      Cortisone

    • B. 

      Cyclosporine

    • C. 

      Isuprel

    • D. 

      Levophed

  • 128. 
    Hemorrhage is suspected if
    • A. 

      The blood pressure drops in direct relationship to the drop in the pulse

    • B. 

      The blood pressure drops and pulse rate rises

    • C. 

      There is no change in the blood pressure, only in the pulse rate

    • D. 

      The blood pressure elevates and the pulse drops

  • 129. 
    How many feet above the ground is considered safe for electrical outlets and fixtures that are not explosion-proof?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      5

    • D. 

      7

  • 130. 
    Carpal tunnel syndrome affects the
    • A. 

      Elbow

    • B. 

      Wrist

    • C. 

      Knee

    • D. 

      Ankle

  • 131. 
    Documenting, tracking, and registering are mandated for
    • A. 

      Anesthesia

    • B. 

      Implants

    • C. 

      Medications

    • D. 

      Inventory

  • 132. 
    When the foreskin of the penis cannot be retracted over the glans it is called
    • A. 

      Hypospadias

    • B. 

      Ptosis

    • C. 

      Phimosis

    • D. 

      Balanitis

  • 133. 
    The burn characterized by blister formation, pain, and a moist and mottled red appearance is
    • A. 

      First

    • B. 

      Second

    • C. 

      Third

    • D. 

      Fourth

  • 134. 
    Microorganisms that grow in the absence of oxygen are
    • A. 

      Spores

    • B. 

      Aerobes

    • C. 

      Faculative bacteria

    • D. 

      Anaerobes

  • 135. 
    The islets of Langerhans are located in the
    • A. 

      Adrenals

    • B. 

      Parathyroids

    • C. 

      Pituitary

    • D. 

      Pancreas