Ast Practice Test - Part 1 Of 2

135 Questions  I  By Heatherbalthrop on October 13, 2011
250 question practice exam for AST certification.  Topics covered are basic sciences, preoperative patient care, preoperative case management, intraoperative case management, postoperative case management, surgical specialties/procedures, and ancillary functions. Part 1:  questions 1-135

  

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1.  In an inguinal herniorrhaphy the spermatic cord is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Polyglycolic acid sutures are
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The pounds of pressure necessary in a flash steam sterilizer set at 270F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  A patient is having elective surgery.  The nurse notes that her white cell count is 14,000 cu mm.  This would indicate
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Distal refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Meckel's diverticulum is found in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  In which case would a Frazier suction be used?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Airborne contamination is reduced by recirculation of filtered outside air at a rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The purpose of OSHA is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Body heat in pediatric patients is controlled with all of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  If a family is contacted but cannot come in to sign a permission for emergency surgery, the surgeon should
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Unwrapped instruments are sterilized at 270F (132C) for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A retention suture passes through all fo the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A hernia that passes through the inguinal ring into the inguinal canal is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Dead space is the space
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Wrapped tubing can be sterilized at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Funnel chest is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which term denotes low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Injection of contrast media into the brachial, carotid, or vertebral artery to study the intracranial vessels is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Instruments and other items sterilized together in the flash autoclave require
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Suture material that becomes encapsulated with fibrous tissue during the healing process is
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  A right hemicolectomy is performed to remove pathology of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Dacryo refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  When transporting a patient, drainage systems should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The maximum size of a linen pack must not exceed
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Another name for a stay suture is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Which two anatomic structures are ligated and divided to effect a cholecystectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Adeno means
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  When the patient is being transferred fromt he OR table after surgery, the action should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  In steam sterilization, the function of pressure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Which of the following suture materials is not generally used in the presence of infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Radical surgery done for lower sigmoid or rectal malignancy is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  The term for fluid or water in the ventricles of the brain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The patient may be left on the transport stretcher unattended
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  212 F is equivalent to
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  An anti-inflammatory drug whose effect is useful in reversing early rejection of organ transplants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A congenital abnormality of the musculature between the stomach and the duodenum is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  A fossa is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  A procedure performed to treat myasthenia gravis is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The purpose of lidocaine installation during a tracheotomy is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  A procedure that is done to give the bowel a rest when there is advanced inflammation is
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  A forceps used to grasp lung tissue is
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Heath-sensitive items that can be completely immersed can be processed via the _____ in 30 minutes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  The maximum recommended dosage of local anesthetic drug per hour is
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Ischemia can be defined as
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The person transporting the patiet on a stretcher should
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Activated gluteraldehyde
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  A Weitlaner is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which part of the pancreas is the most common site of malignant tumors?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The purpose of the two-way stopcock on a Varres needle is
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  An abormal communication between two parts occuring in the anorectal area is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Burn removal of tissue down to fascia where all superficial layers are denuded is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  The mothod of sterilization used for liquids is
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Medullary canal reamers are used to inset
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  A protrusion of fat through an abdominal wall defect between the xiphoid process and umbilicus is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  The position grequently utilized in thyroid and gallbladder surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  What part of the cell is destroyed in steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Which scope has a trocar?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Laminar air flow provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  A rotator cuff tear would occur in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Which position would be chosen for a pneumonectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  When preparing tubing or any item with a lumen for gas sterilization
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  A rib raspatory is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  A right-angled gallbaldder forceps is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  A self-retaining mouth gag is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The maximum storage life for a muslin-wrapped item on open shelving is
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  How are the legs placed in the lateral position?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Which statement regarding the changing of a glove during an operation is TRUE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Each statement regarding OR room ventilation is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  How many thoracic vertebrae are there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  When moving a patient form lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  If a sterile musiln package drops to the floor
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  A tonsil suction is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  The most susceptible organ to laser injury is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  The principal hazard encountered in splenectomy is
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  When assisting with a cast application one must
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  The most common postoperative complication of orthopedic surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Which is an acceptable means of pouring a sterile solution onto a sterile field?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Which nerve is affected by pressure on the lower leg or knee?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  What advantage is phacoemulsification for cataract removal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  The structure that covers the enterance of the larynx when one swallows, thus preventing food from entering the airway (trachea) is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Physiologic salt solution used intravenously when the body needs additional sodium, calcium, and ptoassium is
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  In the lateral chest position, a sandbag or padding is placed under the chest at axillary level to
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  A viscous jelly used to occupy space, thus preventing damage, in anterior segment surgery of the eye is
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Which of the following is frequently used over an incision following pediatric surgery?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  An agent used for epidural, spinal, or local providing good relaxation is
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  The instrument used to measure the depth of the uterus during a dilation and curettage is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Vagotomy is performed for peptic ulcer disease to
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Before surgery, elastic bandages or special stockings are sometimes applied to the lower extremities to
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Surgical masks should be changed
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Why would benzoin be applied to the skin before dressing application?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Closing the interal os of an incompetent cervix with a ligature of tape is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Pneumoperitoneum is effected by instilling gas into the peritoneal cavity by way of a
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  In addition to providing bladder drainage followng a suprapubic prostatectomy, a Foley catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Electrical connection of the patient to the conductive floor is assured by
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Safety during use of the defibrillator includes all of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  A drug that may be used as an IV flush or as a flush for a blood vessel lumen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Nipple reconstruction can be enhanced by the used of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  Where are the adrenal gland located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  The following are all contraindications to vaginal hysterectomy EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  Instruments used to close the vaginal vault in an abdominal hysterectomy nust be
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  The addition of adrenalin to a local anesthetic provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  During laser surgery, each of the following policies must be adhered to EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  There are _____ parathyroids