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APUSH Unit Test 1

19 Questions
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AP US History Unit 1 Test Questions!!!!!

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Despite disagreement among historians concerning the origins of the Cold War, many of them have come to accept the post-revisionist interpretation that
    • A. 

      Both countries helped to create an atmosphere of tension and suspicion that touched off the cold war

    • B. 

      The United States initiated the Cold War when it intervened in the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917

    • C. 

      The Soviet Union was merely responding to the military aggressiveness of the United States

    • D. 

      The Soviet Union's demand for reparations from Germany at the end of World War II was the most obvious origin of the Cold War

    • E. 

      The creation of the Warsaw Pact was an unneeded act of Soviet aggression

  • 2. 
    "Soviet Communism is like a fluid stream which moves constantly, wherenever it is permitted to move, toward a given goal . . . American foreign policy must be that of the firm and vigilant containment of Russia . . " Which of the following people is the above statement associated with?
    • A. 

      George F. Kennan

    • B. 

      Joseph McCarthy

    • C. 

      George Marshall

    • D. 

      John Foster Dulles

    • E. 

      Dwight Eisenhower

  • 3. 
    Above all other reasons, policy makers supported the Marshall Plan because they
    • A. 

      Had a humanitarian concern for the European people

    • B. 

      Feared that Europe would remain an economic drain on the United States if not quickly rebuilt

    • C. 

      Desired a strong European market for American goods

    • D. 

      Feared that the shaky pro-American governments in Western Europe might fall under communist control

    • E. 

      Worried that a revitalized Japan would threaten American trade

  • 4. 
    One major purpose of the Taft-Hartley Act was to
    • A. 

      Promote human rights abroad

    • B. 

      Place an embargo on trade with communist nations

    • C. 

      Limit the power of labor unions

    • D. 

      Provide reforms of the campaign finance system

    • E. 

      Urge an end to the Korean War

  • 5. 
    In the election of 1948, the "Dixiecrats" bolted the Democratic party because
    • A. 

      They objected to Truman's slow and ineffective domestic policies

    • B. 

      They wanted to nominate Dwight D. Eisenhower to be the Democratic candidate instead of Truman

    • C. 

      They resented Truman's confrontational stand against the Soviet Union

    • D. 

      They rejected the New Deal philosophies of the Fair Deal

    • E. 

      They disapproved of Truman's proposed civil rights bill

  • 6. 
    In his crusade against domestic subversion, Joseph McCarthy used all of the following means except
    • A. 

      Boldly claiming to have a list of known communists working in the American State Department

    • B. 

      Intimidating most of the people opposing him

    • C. 

      Claiming that the Democrats had been responsible for "twenty years of treason"

    • D. 

      Producing conclusive evidence that several federal employees had communist ties

    • E. 

      Badgering witnesses and ruining established careers

  • 7. 
    The mood of the American people during the 1950s was shaped by
    • A. 

      Concern over the need for civil rights and the lack of social justice

    • B. 

      Problems of the inner-city poor and concern with the environment

    • C. 

      Booming national prosperity and the continuing struggle against the expansion of communism

    • D. 

      A declining birth rate and the growth in the number of Social Security recipients

    • E. 

      A belief that communism was no longer a viable threat

  • 8. 
    Effects of the launching of Sputnik included
    • A. 

      Protests about excessive government spending

    • B. 

      The growth of the antiwar movement

    • C. 

      A loss of credibility for the scientists of the Soviet Union

    • D. 

      Tax cuts that were meant to stimulate a faltering economy

    • E. 

      Calls for more funding for science education in America

  • 9. 
    Within the suburban family, many affluent women experienced all of following pressures except
    • A. 

      An enormous cultural emphasis on family life

    • B. 

      A demand by their husbands that they be employed

    • C. 

      A heavy external and internal demand to concentrate on their domestic duties

    • D. 

      An increased isolation from the workplace

    • E. 

      The belief of many husbands that it was demeaning for a wife to be employed

  • 10. 
    In The Lonely Crowd David Reisman argued that
    • A. 

      Young people were on the verge of a violent rebellion

    • B. 

      Americans were becoming too concerned about what others thought of them

    • C. 

      The "military-industrial complex" was dominating the American economy and cultural values

    • D. 

      Elderly Americans were being ignored by the government when it came to issues of social justice

    • E. 

      The plight of Native Americans should become a major focal point of American politics

  • 11. 
    The term "massive resistance" was a slogan and policy most closely associated with 
    • A. 

      John Foster Dulles and his new policy concerning communism

    • B. 

      Thurgood Marshall and support for the decision in Brown vs. Board of Education

    • C. 

      Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference

    • D. 

      Orval Faubus and Southern opposition to the decision in Brown vs. Board of Education

    • E. 

      Rosa Parks and her decision not to give up her bus seat

  • 12. 
    Eisenhower's secretary of state, John Foster Dulles
    • A. 

      Continued to support the Truman administration's containment policy

    • B. 

      Announce a new policy of "massive retaliation", threatening the use of nuclear weapons to counter communist aggression

    • C. 

      Did not want the United States to become involved in foreign alliances

    • D. 

      Proposed a series of summit meetings between Eisenhower and Soviet leaders to improve relations between the two nations

    • E. 

      Supported a return to traditional isolationism rather than internationalism

  • 13. 
    The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was designed to
    • A. 

      Install voluntary voting codes in the South

    • B. 

      Ensure voting rights of blacks

    • C. 

      Provide blacks equal access to public accommodations

    • D. 

      End discrimination in employment

    • E. 

      All of the answers above

  • 14. 
    The tenets of the philosophy of "black power" led to all of the following developments except
    • A. 

      The fostering of racial pride

    • B. 

      The attempt to exclude sympathetic whites from the movement

    • C. 

      The emergence of the Black Panthers

    • D. 

      The consolidation of civll rights organizations

    • E. 

      An increase in young people choosing radical alternatives

  • 15. 
    A positive effect of the Cuban Missile Crisis was
    • A. 

      The negotiation of a treaty to ban atmospheric nuclear weapons testing

    • B. 

      Khrushchev's replacement by a more reform-minded leader

    • C. 

      The slower development of nuclear weapons by the Soviets

    • D. 

      The destruction of the Berlin Wall

    • E. 

      Johnson's reduction of defense spending

  • 16. 
    The American commitment in Vietnam increased substantially when
    • A. 

      President Eisenhowed sent military forces into combat to aid Diem

    • B. 

      President Johnson asked for ans Congress approved of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    • C. 

      President Nixon initiated "Vietnamization"

    • D. 

      President Kennedy sent the Special Forces into Vietnam

    • E. 

      President Truman ordered an attack of North Vietnam

  • 17. 
    Public opinion turned radically against the Vietnam War after the 
    • A. 

      United States began to bomb North Vietnam

    • B. 

      Communists captured the capital of South Vietnam

    • C. 

      American troops invaded North Vietnam

    • D. 

      Viet Cong launched the 1968 Tet Offensive

    • E. 

      Diem regime collapsed due to corruption

  • 18. 
    The violence outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago resulted from 
    • A. 

      A race riot in the Southside of Chicago

    • B. 

      Demonstration against the Vietnam War

    • C. 

      The nomination of George Wallace

    • D. 

      The acceptance of the Kennedy and McCarthy war planks in the party platform

    • E. 

      The refusal of Johnson to drop out of the race

  • 19. 
    All of the following statements about the emergence of rock and roll music as a part of the 1950's popular culture are
    • A. 

      It rejected black musical traditions

    • B. 

      It drew on country and western music traditions

    • C. 

      It was aided by television programming

    • D. 

      It grew as radio stations began to change formats from live programming to recorded music

    • E. 

      It has strong appeal in the South and West

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