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APUSH Midterm

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  • 1. 
    The Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 settled a boundary dispute between _______ over _______.
    • A. 

      England and the U.S.; British Honduras

    • B. 

      The U.S. and Canada; Maine and New Brunswick

    • C. 

      U.S. and Spain; Cuba and Puerto Rico

    • D. 

      England and the U.S.; the Virgin Islands

    • E. 

      U.S. and Mexico; Arizona and Sorona

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      The refusal of the Mexican government to recognize

    • B. 

      The dominance of Protestant churches in Mexico

    • C. 

      Mexico's protection of the institution of slavery

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    Central to Native American life on the Plains was that the tribes
    • A. 

      Believed in equality of the sexes

    • B. 

      Placed little emphasis on war

    • C. 

      All spoke the same language

    • D. 

      Emphasized one large, stable community

    • E. 

      Depended on farming

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Lyman Beecher

    • B. 

      Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    • C. 

      Charles G. Finney

    • D. 

      Theodore Weld

    • E. 

      Lewis Tappan

  • 5. 
    During the Cleveland administration, which nation did the United States replace as the major power in Latin America?
    • A. 

      Germany

    • B. 

      Spain

    • C. 

      Mexico

    • D. 

      Venezuela

    • E. 

      Great Britain

  • 6. 
    Transcendentalism was the American version of
    • A. 

      Anarchism

    • B. 

      Socialism

    • C. 

      Romanticism

    • D. 

      Agrarianism

    • E. 

      Utopianism

  • 7. 
    OThe Crittenden Plan
    • A. 

      Extended the Missouri Compromise to the Pacific

    • B. 

      Denied federal compensation to the owners of escaped slaves

    • C. 

      Did not guarentee the protetion of slavery in new territories

    • D. 

      Abolished the national fugitive slave law

    • E. 

      Recommended that popular sovereignty determine the status of states created from new territories

  • 8. 
    The initial government policy toward the Plains tribes was
    • A. 

      To exterminate them

    • B. 

      To ignore them and hope would eventually die out

    • C. 

      To provoke intertribal warfare

    • D. 

      To define boundaries for each tribe and sign treaties with them

    • E. 

      To give each Native American "40 acres and a mule" for farming

  • 9. 
    After 1851, the U.S. government abandoned the policy of one large reservation in favor of
    • A. 

      Restoring all Native American lands

    • B. 

      Extermination of the Native Americans

    • C. 

      The allotment policy

    • D. 

      The tolerance policy

    • E. 

      The concentration policy

  • 10. 
    TJosiah Strong
    • A. 

      Believed that only missionary work should be done overseas

    • B. 

      Thought foreign trade was unimportant

    • C. 

      Had little regard for the theories of Charles Darwin

    • D. 

      Hindered American expansion through his religious teachings

    • E. 

      Fostered the concept of righteousness of American expansion

  • 11. 
    Which of the following was, perhaps, the greatest Native American victory over the United States Army?
    • A. 

      Battle of Sand Creek

    • B. 

      Custer's Last Stand

    • C. 

      Fetterman Massacre

    • D. 

      The "Trail of Tears"

    • E. 

      Battle of Wounded Knee

  • 12. 
    By 1900, China
    • A. 

      Had succumbed to European imperialism

    • B. 

      Had closed the door to the outside world

    • C. 

      Was the leading Asian power

    • D. 

      Welcomed U.S. intervention

    • E. 

      Had succeeded in resisting European influence

  • 13. 
    Which one of the following individuals did NOT contribut to the idea that white, Christian people were superior to other peoples around the world?
    • A. 

      John Fiske

    • B. 

      Josiah Strong

    • C. 

      William Jennings Bryan

    • D. 

      John Burgess

    • E. 

      William Seward

  • 14. 
    Western migration in the post-Civil War period
    • A. 

      Was inspired by religious missionaries seeking to convert the Native Americans

    • B. 

      Acted as a safety value for discontented Americans

    • C. 

      Was heaviest during economic prosperity

    • D. 

      Was generally financed by the federal government

    • E. 

      Was heaviest during economic depression

  • 15. 
    The Homestead Act of 1862 failed because
    • A. 

      It did not adequately convert the Native Americand to farmers

    • B. 

      It charged too much for governement land

    • C. 

      Too few settlers were willing to migrate west

    • D. 

      The land allotments were insufficient for farming arid land

    • E. 

      Gold was discovered on land set aside for farming

  • 16. 
    The bloodiest one-day battle of the Civil war was
    • A. 

      Gettysburg

    • B. 

      Shiloh

    • C. 

      Sharpsburg

    • D. 

      Bull Run

    • E. 

      Vicksburg

  • 17. 
    Who was the man who invented barbed wire?
    • A. 

      John Deere

    • B. 

      Joseph F. Glidden

    • C. 

      George Eastman

    • D. 

      Ben Franklin

    • E. 

      George Washington Carver

  • 18. 
    The Mormon community, established in Utah,
    • A. 

      Barely survived in the desert lands

    • B. 

      Failed as a permanent settlement

    • C. 

      Was a model of a planned and efficient settlement

    • D. 

      Was as disorderly as other frontier communities

    • E. 

      Survived in hiding for years

  • 19. 
    John Tyler initiated the politics of Manifest Destiny
    • A. 

      With the aid of Henry Clay

    • B. 

      In hopes of identifying himself with James Monroe

    • C. 

      To bring together the Whig and Democratic parties

    • D. 

      To win the support of his fellow Whigs

    • E. 

      To build a base for his reflection in 1844

  • 20. 
    The rallying cry "Fifty-Four Forty or Fight" referred to which desired territory?
    • A. 

      Texas

    • B. 

      Arizona

    • C. 

      California

    • D. 

      New Mexico

    • E. 

      Oregon

  • 21. 
    The United States expected the Mexican War
    • A. 

      To be of a relatively short duration

    • B. 

      To be a long and costly affair

    • C. 

      Would be costly but worth it

    • D. 

      Would win widespread popular support

    • E. 

      Would possibly involve a confrontation with Great Britain

  • 22. 
    Between the 1830s and 1840s, most of the immigrants to the United States came from
    • A. 

      Western Europe

    • B. 

      Latin America

    • C. 

      China

    • D. 

      The Far East

    • E. 

      Eastern Europe

  • 23. 
    The neighborly way of dealing with deviants broke down
    • A. 

      As their numbers increased dramatically

    • B. 

      As state law mandated state care

    • C. 

      Because of a growing lack of concern

    • D. 

      As polite refusal turned increasingly violent

    • E. 

      As urbanization made communities less cohesive

  • 24. 
    Which of the following was NOT an essential feature of the factory system?
    • A. 

      A supervised work force

    • B. 

      Each product being produced by one worker

    • C. 

      The use of interchangeable parts

    • D. 

      The workforce being located in one place

    • E. 

      Payment of cash wages

  • 25. 
    In the large cities if the North, abolitionism
    • A. 

      Was a foregone conclusion

    • B. 

      Was wholeheartedly supported

    • C. 

      Was often violently opposed

    • D. 

      Received little attention

    • E. 

      Garnered thousands of supporters

  • 26. 
    The major factor that pushed the Irish immigrant to the United States in the 1840s and 1850s was
    • A. 

      The persecution of Catholics

    • B. 

      The oppression of the British government

    • C. 

      The overpopulation of Ireland

    • D. 

      The great potato famine

    • E. 

      The decline in the number of jobs in Ireland

  • 27. 
    The "boom-and-bust" economy was most commonly associated with the
    • A. 

      Native American frontier

    • B. 

      Cattle frontier

    • C. 

      Expansion of the railroad

    • D. 

      Mining frontier

    • E. 

      Farming frontier

  • 28. 
    Why did President McKinley ask for a declaration of war against Spain?
    • A. 

      The conflicting national interests of Spain and the United States left few alternatives.

    • B. 

      He was weak and indecisive and forced into war.

    • C. 

      He hoped that a war would bring him political power and imperial gains.

    • D. 

      The Cuban people appealed to him directly.

    • E. 

      Spain was unwilling to accede to any of the demands of the United States.

  • 29. 
    By 1900, the United States
    • A. 

      Seemed unclear in its foreign policy.

    • B. 

      Dominated the Western Hemisphere but had yet to become a major world power.

    • C. 

      Was not an equal of the European powers.

    • D. 

      Had become a major world power.

    • E. 

      Had little success in Asia.

  • 30. 
    The transformation of the American economy in the 1840s and 1850s was primarily the result of
    • A. 

      New banking systems

    • B. 

      New agricultural technology

    • C. 

      The canal systems

    • D. 

      The steam engine

    • E. 

      The railroad

  • 31. 
    Which of the following territories caused the most debate about the merits of acquiring an empire for the United States?
    • A. 

      Puerto Rico

    • B. 

      The Philippines

    • C. 

      Hawaii

    • D. 

      The Dominican Republic

    • E. 

      Guam

  • 32. 
    Opposition to Tyler's plan for the annexation of Texas came, primarily, from
    • A. 

      Great Britain

    • B. 

      New England merchants

    • C. 

      Mexican Catholics

    • D. 

      Southern agricultural interests

    • E. 

      Northern antislavery Whigs

  • 33. 
    At the outset of the Spanish-American War,
    • A. 

      There was little public support for the war in the U.S.

    • B. 

      The American military was well-prepared to fight a war.

    • C. 

      The American army was 200,000 strong.

    • D. 

      The American army composed of soldiers well-trained in quelling Native American uprisings.

    • E. 

      It was difficult to find the nessecary volunteers for the American military.

  • 34. 
    Henry David Thoreau pushed the idea of ___________ to its logical conclusion in his sojourn at Walden Pond between 1845 and 1847.
    • A. 

      Abolitionism

    • B. 

      Utopianism

    • C. 

      "self-culture"

    • D. 

      Agrarianism

    • E. 

      Socialism

  • 35. 
    The key organizer of the Compromise of 1850 was
    • A. 

      Roger T. Taney

    • B. 

      John C. Calhoun

    • C. 

      Zachary Taylor

    • D. 

      Henry Clay

    • E. 

      Lewis Cass

  • 36. 
    The changes in the reform moverment of the mid-1830s demostrated
    • A. 

      The failrure of the movement

    • B. 

      Changes brought to bear by the federal government

    • C. 

      A lessening of intensity and interest

    • D. 

      A new mood of impatience and perfectionism

    • E. 

      The waning of the reform impulse

  • 37. 
    In practice, working-class families viewed the new public schools
    • A. 

      As an indication of the helpful concern of the upper classes.

    • B. 

      As depriving them of needed wage earners.

    • C. 

      As essential to the improvement of their economic situation.

    • D. 

      Indifferently.

    • E. 

      As a welcome learning opportunity for themselves and their children.

  • 38. 
    In the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Stephen Douglas attempted to set up territorial government on the basis of
    • A. 

      Congressional approval or disapproval of slavery.

    • B. 

      The Compromise of 1850.

    • C. 

      Presidential approval or disapproval of slavery.

    • D. 

      Popular sovereignty.

    • E. 

      Free Soil idealogy.

  • 39. 
    The Republicans were successful in the election of 1860 because
    • A. 

      They compromised on the issue of slavery

    • B. 

      The Democrats ran a sloppy campaign

    • C. 

      They were able to win decisively in the North

    • D. 

      They won significant, southern support

    • E. 

      Abraham Lincoln offered the potential for sectional harmony

  • 40. 
    The founder of the radical anti-slavery movement was
    • A. 

      Harriet Tubman

    • B. 

      William Whipper

    • C. 

      William Lloyd Garrison

    • D. 

      Harriet Beecher Stowe

    • E. 

      Frederick Douglass

  • 41. 
    In his sermons, Charles G. Finney appealed mainly to
    • A. 

      Doctrine

    • B. 

      Theological issues

    • C. 

      Reason

    • D. 

      Emotion

    • E. 

      Economic issues

  • 42. 
    THe leader of the movement to reform asylums and prisons was
    • A. 

      Frederick Douglass

    • B. 

      Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    • C. 

      Dorothea Dix

    • D. 

      Mary McLeod-Bethune

    • E. 

      Henry C. Wright

  • 43. 
    In theory, prisons ans asylums
    • A. 

      Were simply to confine the disorderly

    • B. 

      Should focus on "breaking down the ego."

    • C. 

      Were designed for punishment

    • D. 

      Were to substitute for the family

    • E. 

      Were intended for rehabilitation

  • 44. 
    The first great practitioner of evangelical Calvinism was
    • A. 

      Lyman Beecher

    • B. 

      Cotton Mather

    • C. 

      John Wesley

    • D. 

      Timothy Dwight

    • E. 

      Nathaniel Taylor

  • 45. 
    In the first decade of the twentieth century, the economic trend
    • A. 

      Favored the small businessman

    • B. 

      Was a replacement of industrial capitalists by financial capitalists

    • C. 

      Was toward a greater number of industrialists

    • D. 

      Indicated the triumph of the small firm

    • E. 

      Was a decline in the dominance of large corporations

  • 46. 
    In the final analysis, prisons and asylums
    • A. 

      Completely lacked government support

    • B. 

      Provided effective remedies for the problem of deviants

    • C. 

      Did not achieve the aims of their families

    • D. 

      Were nurturing retreats of redemption

    • E. 

      Won widespread popular support

  • 47. 
    The commission form of government was pioneered in
    • A. 

      New York City

    • B. 

      Galveston

    • C. 

      Chicago

    • D. 

      Boston

    • E. 

      Philadelphia

  • 48. 
    In the election of 1912,
    • A. 

      The Socialists received nearly one million votes.

    • B. 

      Woodrow Wilson won the presidency.

    • C. 

      William Howard Taft won the presidency.

    • D. 

      Both A and B

    • E. 

      Both A and C

  • 49. 
    In which type of organization does a company own all elements from raw material to finished product?
    • A. 

      Trust

    • B. 

      Conglomerate

    • C. 

      Vertical integration

    • D. 

      Corporate management

    • E. 

      Horizontal integration

  • 50. 
    The Homestead Strike
    • A. 

      Forced management to meet the workers demands.

    • B. 

      Was peaceful compared to Haymarket

    • C. 

      Had little interference form the government

    • D. 

      Emphasized the cost of industrialization

    • E. 

      Was revolved through regotiation and bargaining

  • 51. 
    In the final analysis, Wilson's domestic programs indicated
    • A. 

      His failure as a reformer

    • B. 

      His exclusive belief in New Freedom ideas

    • C. 

      His determination to win reelection by pleasing as many voters as possible

    • D. 

      His outright opposition to Roosevelt's New Nationalism

    • E. 

      A blending of the two competing doctrines of progressivism

  • 52. 
    The principle of the "iron law of wages" stated that
    • A. 

      All workers should be treated the same

    • B. 

      Wages should remain unchanged as long as possible

    • C. 

      The quality of work should be determined by the managers

    • D. 

      Supply and demand regulated wages

    • E. 

      The welfare of the workers dictated wages

  • 53. 
    The election of 1912
    • A. 

      Revealed American fears regarding the approach of World War I

    • B. 

      Focused on U.S. domestic concerns

    • C. 

      Offered voters two radically different candidates

    • D. 

      Focused on foregin policy

    • E. 

      Split the Democratic Party

  • 54. 
    Why did the Knights of Labor fail?
    • A. 

      It had no successful strikes.

    • B. 

      It could not provide effective national leadership.

    • C. 

      Terence Powderly was imprisoned.

    • D. 

      It was unable to develop a set of objectives.

    • E. 

      It was unable to organize the workers.

  • 55. 
    The Haymarket Square riot
    • A. 

      Force management to meet the workers demands.

    • B. 

      Was peaceful compared to Haymarket.

    • C. 

      Had little interference from the government.

    • D. 

      Emphasized the cost of industrialization.

    • E. 

      Was resolved through negotiation and bargaining.

  • 56. 
    By 1897, Spain
    • A. 

      Tried to avoid a confrontation with the U.S.

    • B. 

      Seemed determined to maintain control at all costs.

    • C. 

      Agreed to give up Cuba rather that go to war.

    • D. 

      Was unwilling to meet any American demands.

    • E. 

      Supported the policies of General Weyler.

  • 57. 
    In comparison to male workers, female workers
    • A. 

      Generally had female managers.

    • B. 

      Were not considered important as income earners.

    • C. 

      Were regulated to traditional, "feminine" jobs.

    • D. 

      Reaped the rewards of the industrial system.

    • E. 

      Found equal pay for equal work.

  • 58. 
    Unlike the Knights of Labor, the American Federation of Labor
    • A. 

      Organized skilled and unskilled workers

    • B. 

      Hoped all workers could eventually become self-employed

    • C. 

      Emphasized economic goals for workers

    • D. 

      Organized a majority of the workers

    • E. 

      Believed workers would rise in stature

  • 59. 
    What document provided the terms for U.S. intervention in Cuba?
    • A. 

      Teller Amendment

    • B. 

      The Intervention Act

    • C. 

      Platt Amendment

    • D. 

      Taft Commission

    • E. 

      The Foraker Act

  • 60. 
    Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the advert of advertising?
    • A. 

      The national market was joined in all parts of the nation

    • B. 

      Americans became consumers.

    • C. 

      Most consumers felt threatened by the new industrial goods.

    • D. 

      American became aware of needs they didn't know they had before.

    • E. 

      The demand for goods increased.

  • 61. 
    Music in the Progressive period
    • A. 

      Experienced little change.

    • B. 

      Was strongly influenced by the African American experience.

    • C. 

      Traced its roots to western Europe.

    • D. 

      Became more classical in its orientation.

    • E. 

      Originated in the northern urban environment.

  • 62. 
    The principles on which the Knights of Labor were founded included
    • A. 

      Lobbying for a federal health insurance program.

    • B. 

      Ensuring all Americans recieved equal benefits from the system.

    • C. 

      Fostering a revolution to overthrow the American political system.

    • D. 

      Unifying produceers and nonproducers in one union.

    • E. 

      Creating a nationalized economic system, run by the government.

  • 63. 
    The leading advocate of the philosophy of pragmatism was
    • A. 

      Upton Sinclair

    • B. 

      William Howard Taft

    • C. 

      John Dewey

    • D. 

      William James

    • E. 

      Harvey Wiley

  • 64. 
    According to the theories of Alfred Thayer Mahan,
    • A. 

      Large armies would protect American interests around the globe.

    • B. 

      Little would be gained from American expansion abroad.

    • C. 

      American greatness would be recognized through industrial output.

    • D. 

      A two-ocean navy was an integral part of America's wealth and power.

    • E. 

      Standing armies were dangerous.

  • 65. 
    In the great coal strike of 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt
    • A. 

      Played no role at all in settling the dispute

    • B. 

      Basically decided to support the coal miners.

    • C. 

      Decided to support Pure Food and Drug Act.

    • D. 

      Shut down the mines for two months.

    • E. 

      Sympathized completely with the company owners.

  • 66. 
    As the leaer of the American Federation of Labor, he tried to achieve pragmatic goals for his workers.
    • A. 

      Terence Powderly

    • B. 

      Samuel Gompers

    • C. 

      Eugene Debs

    • D. 

      John L. Lewis

    • E. 

      Uriah S. Stephens

  • 67. 
    In which of the following territories did the native inhabitants receive U.S. citizenship in 1900?
    • A. 

      Hawaii

    • B. 

      Puerto Rico

    • C. 

      The Philippines

    • D. 

      Alaska

    • E. 

      Guam

  • 68. 
    According to progressive reformers in the cities, especially crucial to the success of their causes were
    • A. 

      Basic scientists

    • B. 

      Mayors

    • C. 

      Bankers

    • D. 

      Politicians

    • E. 

      Trained experts

  • 69. 
    The journalist who exposed How the Other Half Lives in urban tenements was
    • A. 

      James E. Ware

    • B. 

      Samuel Lane Loomis

    • C. 

      Jacob Riis

    • D. 

      James Whitcomb Riley

    • E. 

      John Root

  • 70. 
    By the end of the 19th century, most immigrants arrives from
    • A. 

      Southern and eastern Europe

    • B. 

      Northern and western Europe

    • C. 

      The Pacific

    • D. 

      China

    • E. 

      Mexico

  • 71. 
    The middle-class American family of the late 19th century
    • A. 

      Had a greater social function

    • B. 

      Tended to deteriorate under the impact of industrialization

    • C. 

      Had more children

    • D. 

      Found its status had remained unchanged

    • E. 

      Has a greater economic function

  • 72. 
    The Social Darwinists
    • A. 

      Had enormous influence on American society

    • B. 

      Raised important questions about the conditions of society

    • C. 

      Stressed society's responsibility to aid the poor

    • D. 

      Believed the laws of nature applied to society

    • E. 

      Were active reformers in the late nineteenth century

  • 73. 
    Jane Addams was the founder of
    • A. 

      The Neighborhood Guild in NY

    • B. 

      The Henry Street Settlement in NY

    • C. 

      Golden Home in San Francisco

    • D. 

      Hull House in Chicago

    • E. 

      The South End House in Boston

  • 74. 
    Booker T. Washington
    • A. 

      Believed African American should fight for equal rights

    • B. 

      Believed that self-help was the best plan for African Americans

    • C. 

      Had little hope for the future of African Americans in American society

    • D. 

      Founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

    • E. 

      Emphasized the importance of higher education for African Americans

  • 75. 
    W.E.B. Du Bois
    • A. 

      Supported the views of Booker T. Washington

    • B. 

      Believed educational advancement was the key to success

    • C. 

      Advocated revolutionary tactics for African Americans

    • D. 

      Was the author of the Atlanta Compromise

    • E. 

      Was popular with African American and white society

  • 76. 
    The Pendleton Act
    • A. 

      Gave the judiciary greater power in the national government

    • B. 

      Eliminated presidential appointments

    • C. 

      Provided a merit system for the national government

    • D. 

      Allowed Congress greater power in appointing government jobs

    • E. 

      Established the Secret Service

  • 77. 
    Which of the following was NOT a reason for farm discontent in the late nineteenth century?
    • A. 

      Farm mortages

    • B. 

      The inability to organize and voice their discontent

    • C. 

      The perception of a loss of status in society

    • D. 

      The lack of power over their destiny

    • E. 

      The inablitiy to control market prices

  • 78. 
    The Populist candidate for president in 1892 was
    • A. 

      Mary Lease

    • B. 

      William Jennings Bryan

    • C. 

      William McKinley

    • D. 

      Grover Cleveland

    • E. 

      James Weaver

  • 79. 
    The individual who rocketed to national attention because of the Pullman strike was
    • A. 

      Henry Adams

    • B. 

      Jacob Coxey

    • C. 

      Theodore Dreiser

    • D. 

      Eugene V. Debs

    • E. 

      Thomas Watson

  • 80. 
    Which of the following individuals was NOT a prominent American writer of the late nineteenth century?
    • A. 

      Mark Twain

    • B. 

      William Dean Howells

    • C. 

      Franks Norris

    • D. 

      Jacob Coxey

    • E. 

      Stephen Crane

  • 81. 
    Which of the followinf was NOT a consequence of the Pullman Strike?
    • A. 

      Grover Cleveland was public support for his actions

    • B. 

      The workers had their demands met.

    • C. 

      The Supreme Court endorsed the use of injunctions in labor disputes.

    • D. 

      Eugene Debs rose to national prominence

    • E. 

      The Supreme Court provided an antiwar weapon

  • 82. 
    The president who entered the White House after the fraudulent election of 1876 was
    • A. 

      William Jennings Bryam

    • B. 

      William McKinley

    • C. 

      Grover Cleveland

    • D. 

      Benjamin Harrison

    • E. 

      Rutherford B. Hayes

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