AP Psych Sensation And Perception

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1.  The study of perception is primarily concerned with how we:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  When observing buffalo, the African Pygmy Kenge failed to experience size constancy. This best serves to support the view of perception advanced by the philosopher:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  If two objects cast retinal images of the same size, the object that appears to be closer is perceived as ________- the object that appears to be more  distant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following statements best describes the effects of sensory restriction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which of the following correctly lists the order of strutures through which sound travels after entering the ear?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Sensation is to _______ as perception is to __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Mrs. Acheube is just beginning to experience sensorineural hearing loss. she is likely to have the greatest difficulty hearing sounds of _______ frequency and ___________ amplitude
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  In the absence of perceptual constancy:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Figure is to ground as ____________ is to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Although a few keys on the piano were broken, Shana couldn't prevent herself from mentally filling in the missing notes of the familiar melodies. This best illustrates the principle of:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Cones are to vision as ________ are to audition
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B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The tearm GESTALT means:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  News about the supposed effects of briefly presented messages on moviegoers' consumption of popcorn and coca-cola involved fals claims regarding:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Because several rods share a single bipolar cell, rods are less sensitive to _________ than are cones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  When the moon is near the horizon, it appears larger than when it is high in the sky. This effect is primarily a result of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Joe, age 55, has been told by experts that a hearing aid would restore his lost sense of hearing. It is likely that Joe's hearing loss involves problems within the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Visual information is processes by __________ before it is processed by _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Assuming that the visual systems of humans and other mammals function similarly, you would expect the retina of a nocturnal mammal (one active only at night) would contain:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Rebecca was bron with cataracts that were not surgically removed until she was 3 years old. AS a result, rebecca is most likely to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Patients' negative expectations about the outcome of a surgical procedure can increase their postoperative experience of pain. This best illustrates the importance of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  As the airplane descended for a landing, the pilot saw several beautiful islands that appeared to folat in a vast expanse of blue ocean water. In this instance, the ocean is a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The receptor of the eye that functions best in dim light is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The transduction of light energy into nerve impulses takes place in the:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  A person claiming to be able to read another's mind is claiming to have the ESP ability of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The illusion tha the St. Louis Gateway arch appears taller than it is wide (even though its height and width are equal) is based on our sensitivity to which monocular depth cue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Hearing a sequence of sounds of different pitches is to ____________ as recognizing the sound sequence as a familiar melody is to ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The lights along the runway were shrouded in such a thick fog that the pilot of an incoming plane nearly ocershot the runway. The pilot was most likely misled by the distance cue known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Humas experience the longest visible electromagnetic waves as the color __________ and the shortest visible waves as _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The ability to adjust to an artificially displaced, or even inverted visual field is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Rod is to transduction as ___________ is to accommodation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Who emphasized that perceptual understanding comes from inborn ways of organizing sensory experience?
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B.
C.
D.
32.  The perception of the letter "t" as two interesting lines rather than as four nonintersecting lines illustrates the principle of:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Research with distorting goggles best supports the view of human perception adanced by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  According to the gate-control theory, a back massage would most likely reduce your physical aches and pains by causing the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Young children tend to draw human figures in a rather unrealistic way. This reflects their:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Current research on sensory restriction indicates that:
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B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following strategies best illustrates the use of subliminal stiulation?
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B.
C.
D.
38.  Ms. S, a recent stroke victim, cannot consciously perceive the large book on the coffee table in front of her. Yet, when urged to identify the book, she correctly reads aloud the printed title on the book cover. Her response best illustrages:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Studies of the visual cliff have provided evidence that much of depth perception is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The fact that people who are colorblind to red and green may still see yellow is most easily explained by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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