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AP Psych Sensation And Perception

40 Questions
AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Patients' negative expectations about the outcome of a surgical procedure can increase their postoperative experience of pain. This best illustrates the importance of:
    • A. 

      Top-down processing

    • B. 

      Sensory adaptation

    • C. 

      Difference thresholds

    • D. 

      Accommodation

    • E. 

      Transduction

  • 2. 
    News about the supposed effects of briefly presented messages on moviegoers' consumption of popcorn and coca-cola involved fals claims regarding:
    • A. 

      Subliminal stimulation

    • B. 

      Parallel processing

    • C. 

      Sensory interaction

    • D. 

      Kinesthesis

    • E. 

      Difference threshold

  • 3. 
    Mrs. Acheube is just beginning to experience sensorineural hearing loss. she is likely to have the greatest difficulty hearing sounds of _______ frequency and ___________ amplitude
    • A. 

      High; low

    • B. 

      High; high

    • C. 

      Low; low

    • D. 

      Low; high

  • 4. 
    Sensation is to _______ as perception is to __________.
    • A. 

      Recognizing a stimulus; interpreting a stimulus

    • B. 

      Seeing; hearing

    • C. 

      Detecting a stimulus; recognizing a stimulus

    • D. 

      Interpreting a stimulus; detecting a stimulus

  • 5. 
    Cones are to vision as ________ are to audition
    • A. 

      Semicircular canals

    • B. 

      Oval windows

    • C. 

      Hair cells

    • D. 

      Cochleas

    • E. 

      Eardrums

  • 6. 
    Current research on sensory restriction indicates that:
    • A. 

      Two days on sensory monotony typically results in a person experiencing dramatic hallucinations

    • B. 

      Sensory monotony makes people less sensitive to new and changing sensory inputs

    • C. 

      A day or two of sensory monotony makes people highly vulnerable to brainwashing

    • D. 

      A day of sensory monotony can reduce stress and facilitate self control

  • 7. 
    Assuming that the visual systems of humans and other mammals function similarly, you would expect the retina of a nocturnal mammal (one active only at night) would contain:
    • A. 

      Mostly rods

    • B. 

      An equal number of rods and cones

    • C. 

      More bipolar cells than an animal active only during the day

    • D. 

      Mostly cones

  • 8. 
    Hearing a sequence of sounds of different pitches is to ____________ as recognizing the sound sequence as a familiar melody is to ___________.
    • A. 

      Sensation; perception

    • B. 

      The just noticeable difference; accommodation

    • C. 

      Feature detection; sensory interaction

    • D. 

      Absolute threshold; difference threshold

    • E. 

      Sensory interaction; feature detection

  • 9. 
    Rod is to transduction as ___________ is to accommodation.
    • A. 

      Iris

    • B. 

      Cornea

    • C. 

      Pupil

    • D. 

      Lens

    • E. 

      Cone

  • 10. 
    According to the gate-control theory, a back massage would most likely reduce your physical aches and pains by causing the:
    • A. 

      Deactivation of the pain receptors of the surface of your skin

    • B. 

      Arousal of your autonomic nervous system and the release of adrenaline into your bloodstream

    • C. 

      Release of pain-killing endorphins in your brain

    • D. 

      Activation of specific neural fibers in you spinal cord

  • 11. 
    Humas experience the longest visible electromagnetic waves as the color __________ and the shortest visible waves as _________.
    • A. 

      Black; white

    • B. 

      Red; green

    • C. 

      Red; blue-violet

    • D. 

      Blue; yellow

    • E. 

      Blue-violet; red

  • 12. 
    Which of the following correctly lists the order of strutures through which sound travels after entering the ear?
    • A. 

      Eardrum, auditory canal, middle ear, cochlea

    • B. 

      Auditory canal, middle ear, eardrum, cochlea

    • C. 

      Auditory canal, eardrum, middle ear, cochlea

    • D. 

      Eardrum, middle ear, cochlea, auditory canal

    • E. 

      Cochlea, eardrum, middle ear, auditory canal

  • 13. 
    The transduction of light energy into nerve impulses takes place in the:
    • A. 

      Rods

    • B. 

      Iris

    • C. 

      Lens

    • D. 

      Retina

    • E. 

      Optic nerve

  • 14. 
    Joe, age 55, has been told by experts that a hearing aid would restore his lost sense of hearing. It is likely that Joe's hearing loss involves problems within the:
    • A. 

      Middle ear

    • B. 

      Basilar membrane

    • C. 

      Auditory nerve

    • D. 

      Inner ear

  • 15. 
    Visual information is processes by __________ before it is processed by _________.
    • A. 

      Bipolar cells; rods and cones

    • B. 

      Feature detectors; bipolar cells

    • C. 

      Feature detectors; rods and cones

    • D. 

      The optic nerve; ganglion cells

    • E. 

      Ganglion cells; feature detectors

  • 16. 
    Ms. S, a recent stroke victim, cannot consciously perceive the large book on the coffee table in front of her. Yet, when urged to identify the book, she correctly reads aloud the printed title on the book cover. Her response best illustrages:
    • A. 

      Sensory adaptation

    • B. 

      Sensory interaction

    • C. 

      Subliminal perception

    • D. 

      The illusory truth effect

    • E. 

      Blindsight

  • 17. 
    Because several rods share a single bipolar cell, rods are less sensitive to _________ than are cones.
    • A. 

      Bright light

    • B. 

      Dim light

    • C. 

      Fine detail

    • D. 

      Color

  • 18. 
    The fact that people who are colorblind to red and green may still see yellow is most easily explained by:
    • A. 

      The gate-control theory

    • B. 

      The opponent-process theory

    • C. 

      Place theory

    • D. 

      Frequency theory

    • E. 

      The young-helmholtz theory

  • 19. 
    Which of the following strategies best illustrates the use of subliminal stiulation?
    • A. 

      A store plays a musical soundtrack in which a faint and imperceptible verbal warning against shoplifting is repeated frequently

    • B. 

      The laughter of a studio audience is dubbed into the soundtrack of televised situation comedy

    • C. 

      An unseen television narrator repeatedly suggest that you are thirsty while a cold drink is visually displayed on the screen

    • D. 

      A radio advertiser repeatedly smacks her lips before biting into a candy bar.

  • 20. 
    The receptor of the eye that functions best in dim light is:
    • A. 

      Fovea

    • B. 

      Bipolar cell

    • C. 

      Ganglion cell

    • D. 

      Rod

    • E. 

      Cone

  • 21. 
    The study of perception is primarily concerned with how we:
    • A. 

      Detect sights, sounds, and other stimuli

    • B. 

      Sense environmental stimuli

    • C. 

      Interpret sensory stimuli

    • D. 

      Develop sensitivity to illusions

  • 22. 
    When the moon is near the horizon, it appears larger than when it is high in the sky. This effect is primarily a result of:
    • A. 

      Distance cues, which make the horizon moon seem farther away

    • B. 

      The scattering of the horizon moon's light waves, which penetrate the atmosphere at an angle

    • C. 

      The brighter appearance of the horizon moon

    • D. 

      The slightly dimmer appearance of the horizon moon

  • 23. 
    Studies of the visual cliff have provided evidence that much of depth perception is:
    • A. 

      Innate in humans, learned in lower animals

    • B. 

      Innate

    • C. 

      Learned

    • D. 

      Innate in lower animals, learned in humans

  • 24. 
    The lights along the runway were shrouded in such a thick fog that the pilot of an incoming plane nearly ocershot the runway. The pilot was most likely misled by the distance cue known as:
    • A. 

      Relative clarity

    • B. 

      Convergence

    • C. 

      Linear perspective

    • D. 

      Interposition

    • E. 

      Lightness constancy

  • 25. 
    The tearm GESTALT means:
    • A. 

      Visual capture

    • B. 

      Sensation

    • C. 

      Grouping

    • D. 

      Perception

    • E. 

      Whole

  • 26. 
    The ability to adjust to an artificially displaced, or even inverted visual field is called:
    • A. 

      Selective attention

    • B. 

      Shape constancy

    • C. 

      Visual capture

    • D. 

      Perceptual set

    • E. 

      Perceptual adaptation

  • 27. 
    As the airplane descended for a landing, the pilot saw several beautiful islands that appeared to folat in a vast expanse of blue ocean water. In this instance, the ocean is a:
    • A. 

      Perceptual set

    • B. 

      Ground

    • C. 

      Figure

    • D. 

      Gestalt

  • 28. 
    Rebecca was bron with cataracts that were not surgically removed until she was 3 years old. AS a result, rebecca is most likely to:
    • A. 

      Be unable to perceive figure-ground relationships

    • B. 

      Be unable to selectively attend to visual information

    • C. 

      Have inadequate neural connections in her visual cortex

    • D. 

      Have lost visual receptor cells in her eyes

  • 29. 
    Young children tend to draw human figures in a rather unrealistic way. This reflects their:
    • A. 

      Linear perspective

    • B. 

      Perceptual adaptations

    • C. 

      Perceptual schemas

    • D. 

      Selective attention to legs and feet

    • E. 

      Selective attention to monocular cues

  • 30. 
    The perception of the letter "t" as two interesting lines rather than as four nonintersecting lines illustrates the principle of:
    • A. 

      Proximity

    • B. 

      Similarity

    • C. 

      Continuity

    • D. 

      Convergence

    • E. 

      Closure

  • 31. 
    In the absence of perceptual constancy:
    • A. 

      Depth perception would be impossible

    • B. 

      Depth perception would be based exclusively on binocular cues

    • C. 

      Objects would appear to change size as their distance from us changed

    • D. 

      Depth perception would be based exclusively on monocular cues

  • 32. 
    Which of the following statements best describes the effects of sensory restriction?
    • A. 

      It has greater effects on adults than on children

    • B. 

      It produces functional blindness when experienced for any length of time at any range

    • C. 

      It has more damaging effects when experienced during infancy

    • D. 

      It has greater effects on humans than on animals

  • 33. 
    Who emphasized that perceptual understanding comes from inborn ways of organizing sensory experience?
    • A. 

      Freud

    • B. 

      Locke

    • C. 

      Kant

    • D. 

      Aristotle

  • 34. 
    Figure is to ground as ____________ is to ____________.
    • A. 

      Up; down

    • B. 

      Perception; sensation

    • C. 

      Summer; winter

    • D. 

      Form; substance

    • E. 

      Moon; sky

  • 35. 
    Although a few keys on the piano were broken, Shana couldn't prevent herself from mentally filling in the missing notes of the familiar melodies. This best illustrates the principle of:
    • A. 

      Convergence

    • B. 

      Interposition

    • C. 

      Closure

    • D. 

      Continuity

    • E. 

      Proximity

  • 36. 
    A person claiming to be able to read another's mind is claiming to have the ESP ability of:
    • A. 

      Telepathy

    • B. 

      Precognition

    • C. 

      Clairvoyance

    • D. 

      Psychokinesis

  • 37. 
    If two objects cast retinal images of the same size, the object that appears to be closer is perceived as ________- the object that appears to be more  distant.
    • A. 

      Overlapping

    • B. 

      The same size as

    • C. 

      Smaller than

    • D. 

      Larger than

  • 38. 
    The illusion tha the St. Louis Gateway arch appears taller than it is wide (even though its height and width are equal) is based on our sensitivity to which monocular depth cue?
    • A. 

      Retinal disparity

    • B. 

      Relative size

    • C. 

      Relative height

    • D. 

      Interposition

  • 39. 
    Research with distorting goggles best supports the view of human perception adanced by:
    • A. 

      Locke

    • B. 

      Kant

    • C. 

      Aristotle

    • D. 

      Freud

  • 40. 
    When observing buffalo, the African Pygmy Kenge failed to experience size constancy. This best serves to support the view of perception advanced by the philosopher:
    • A. 

      Kant

    • B. 

      Locke

    • C. 

      Plato

    • D. 

      Descartes

    • E. 

      Liebnitz

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