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AP Human Geography Practice Exam #3

71 Questions
AP Human GeogrAPhy Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The word "geography" literally means
    • A. 

      The study of space

    • B. 

      Earth study

    • C. 

      People and nature

    • D. 

      Earth writing

    • E. 

      Human ground

  • 2. 
    New York City is divided into five ____, in order to better organize social services for millions of people.
    • A. 

      Counties

    • B. 

      Voting Precincts

    • C. 

      Town Councils

    • D. 

      School Districts

    • E. 

      Boroughs

  • 3. 
    In which of the following countries would you expect to find the highest rate of population growth?
    • A. 

      Canada

    • B. 

      Namibia

    • C. 

      Sweden

    • D. 

      Chile

    • E. 

      The U.S.

  • 4. 
    In distance decay models, the slope of the decay function illustrates
    • A. 

      The type of interaction

    • B. 

      The nature of the network

    • C. 

      The influence of "friction of distance"

    • D. 

      Topography

    • E. 

      Net dispersion

  • 5. 
    Which of the following projections places the Norht or South Pole at the center of the view?
    • A. 

      Azimuthal

    • B. 

      Choropleth

    • C. 

      Pole View

    • D. 

      Fuller's

    • E. 

      Mercator

  • 6. 
    Rap music first appeared in New York in the 1970s. Later, it spread to large cities with vibrant African-American populations- such as Los Angeles, Oakland, Chicago, and Detroit- without being absorbed by the smaller cities and rural areas in between. This type of spatial diffusion is called
    • A. 

      Relocation diffusion

    • B. 

      Hierarchial diffusion

    • C. 

      Contagious diffusion

    • D. 

      Cultural diffusion

    • E. 

      Indeterminent diffusion

  • 7. 
    Cartography is the art and science of
    • A. 

      Demographics

    • B. 

      Map-making

    • C. 

      Spatial orientation

    • D. 

      Cognitive imagery

    • E. 

      Spatial decision making

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is FALSE regarding slash-and-brun agriculture?
    • A. 

      It occurs mainly in tropical environments

    • B. 

      It is associated with deforestation in Brazil

    • C. 

      It is part of the Green Revolution

    • D. 

      It was practiced sustainably by indigenous people

    • E. 

      It is uncommon in the temperate latitudes

  • 9. 
    A population pyramid
    • A. 

      Shows the age and sex structure of a population

    • B. 

      Cannot be used to compare two different countries

    • C. 

      Demonstrates the demographic transition model

    • D. 

      Only accurately depicts declining populations

    • E. 

      Is most useful in illustrating social upheaval

  • 10. 
    The Pleistocene overkill theory argues that
    • A. 

      Hearths of early agriculture resulted from environmental conditions

    • B. 

      Geographers have overemphasized the importance of environmental conditions in human history

    • C. 

      Poor environmental management resulted in the ecological collapse of the fertile crescent

    • D. 

      Current human geography is not a product of the distant past

    • E. 

      Hunter-gatherers caused the extinction of many species after the end of the last ice age

  • 11. 
    In an adress to the 1994 United Nations International Conference on Population and Development, India argued that, although population growth has placed pressure on the world's natural resources, ______ by industrialized nations has also had extreme consequences for environmental quality.
    • A. 

      Fiscal policy

    • B. 

      Material consumption

    • C. 

      Tourism

    • D. 

      International aid

    • E. 

      Racism

  • 12. 
    Geographical research that applies to one place or region is
    • A. 

      Nonmothetic

    • B. 

      Dnominational

    • C. 

      Idiographic

    • D. 

      Nonscientific

    • E. 

      Cultural studies

  • 13. 
    Approximately how long did it take for Eurasian hunter-gatherers to reach the tip of South America after their initial arrival in Alaska?
    • A. 

      500 years

    • B. 

      2,000 years

    • C. 

      5,000 years

    • D. 

      20,000 years

    • E. 

      40,000 years

  • 14. 
    The demographic accounting equation computes future population as a function of current population:
    • A. 

      +births - infant mortality + cohort

    • B. 

      +births - deaths x life expectancy

    • C. 

      +births - deaths + immigration - emigration

    • D. 

      Births / deaths - immigration + emigration

    • E. 

      +immigration - emigration x demographic transition

  • 15. 
    Longitude is
    • A. 

      The angular distance north or south of the prime meridian

    • B. 

      The angular distance east or west of Greenwich, England

    • C. 

      The angular distance north or south of the equator

    • D. 

      Useful in determining relative location

    • E. 

      Useful in describing a place's situation

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Postmodernism

    • B. 

      Ecofeminism

    • C. 

      Consumptionism

    • D. 

      Reductionism

    • E. 

      Possitivism

  • 17. 
    The religious practices of some Native American groups combine elements both from their traditional religion and from Christianity. This is an example of
    • A. 

      A cultural complex

    • B. 

      A cultural confluence

    • C. 

      A counter culture

    • D. 

      A diametric culture

    • E. 

      A cultural syncretism

  • 18. 
    The demographic transition model posits that
    • A. 

      Advanced industrialized countires will have rapid population growth

    • B. 

      Pre-industrial states will have both low birth and death rates

    • C. 

      Countries with high levels of economic production will have lower birth rates

    • D. 

      Underdeveloped countries cannot become developed

    • E. 

      Time is the dominant force behind population change

  • 19. 
    One important consequence of cultural extinction is
    • A. 

      Decreasing population

    • B. 

      Increased poverty in peripheral regions

    • C. 

      Loss of genetic diversity

    • D. 

      Loss of indigenous knowledge about ecosystems

    • E. 

      Increasing populations

  • 20. 
    _____ maps work well for locating and navigating between places, while ____ maps display one or more variables across a specific space.
    • A. 

      Reference...thematic

    • B. 

      Thematic...reference

    • C. 

      Spatial...cartographic

    • D. 

      Cartographic...spatial

    • E. 

      Topologic...choropleth

  • 21. 
    Which of the following religions originated in northern India and then spread across central and southeast Asia, Indonesia, and Japan?
    • A. 

      Hinduism

    • B. 

      Buddhism

    • C. 

      Islam

    • D. 

      Taoism

    • E. 

      Judaism

  • 22. 
    States with federal forms of governemnt must also have
    • A. 

      Territorial organization

    • B. 

      Facist regimes

    • C. 

      Social- democacies

    • D. 

      Proportional representation

    • E. 

      Congressional oversight

  • 23. 
    In the world systems model, the dore nations of the world are
    • A. 

      Situated in the present-day Middle East

    • B. 

      Located in the prodperous southern continents

    • C. 

      Located mainly in Europe and North America

    • D. 

      Located in the former Soviet republics

    • E. 

      Located in the heartland, not rimland

  • 24. 
    The study of the interaction between human cultures and natural ecosystems is called
    • A. 

      Cultural ecology

    • B. 

      Semiotics

    • C. 

      Cognitive science

    • D. 

      Linguistics

    • E. 

      Sociobiology

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is NOT a potential cause of Balkanization
    • A. 

      Ethnic divisions

    • B. 

      Varying levels of economic development within a country

    • C. 

      External pressure

    • D. 

      Centripetal forces

    • E. 

      A strong central government

  • 26. 
    Which of the follwoing is true about language extinctions?
    • A. 

      They happen suddenly and without warning

    • B. 

      They are usually the result of genocide

    • C. 

      There could be several thousand over the next century

    • D. 

      They are increasingly rare

    • E. 

      They are unrelated to cultural imperialism

  • 27. 
    • A. 

      Regionalism...sectionalism

    • B. 

      Sectionalism...regionalism

    • C. 

      Imperialism...colonialism

    • D. 

      Colonialism...imperialism

    • E. 

      Nationalism...isolationism

  • 28. 
    Sources of forced migration include
    • A. 

      Complementarity and individual choice

    • B. 

      Economic opportunities and religious freedom

    • C. 

      Political unrest and ecological degradation

    • D. 

      The draw of a pleasant climate

    • E. 

      Familial ties in another country

  • 29. 
    In 1995 plebiscite, the Canadian province of Quebec sought which of the following?
    • A. 

      Electoral reapportionment

    • B. 

      Economic freedom

    • C. 

      Unitary standing

    • D. 

      Self-determinism

    • E. 

      Membersip in the United Nations

  • 30. 
    The disproportionate siting of power plants and waste disposal facilities in African- American and Latino neighborhoods- independent of other economic and historical factors- is an example of
    • A. 

      Postmaterialism

    • B. 

      Environmental racism

    • C. 

      Deindustrialization

    • D. 

      Environmental justice

    • E. 

      Ecological inferiority

  • 31. 
    Advanced economic countries, like the U.S., may produce more pollution than less economically advanced countries because
    • A. 

      They consumer more resources

    • B. 

      They are less concerned about the environment

    • C. 

      They desire global domination

    • D. 

      They have more resources to begin with

    • E. 

      They lack waste management technology

  • 32. 
    Latitude is
    • A. 

      The angular distance north or south of teh prime meridian

    • B. 

      The angular distance east or west of Greenwich, England

    • C. 

      The angular distance north or south of the equator

    • D. 

      Useful in determining relative location

    • E. 

      A measure of social or political freedom

  • 33. 
    Primary economic activities involve
    • A. 

      The transformation and assembly of raw materials

    • B. 

      The sale and exchange of goods and services

    • C. 

      The handling and processing of information

    • D. 

      Research and development

    • E. 

      The direct extraction or harvest of natural resources

  • 34. 
    According to Thomas Malthus, ____ grows arithmetically, but _____ grows geometrically.
    • A. 

      Population...food production

    • B. 

      Passion between the sexes...willingness to have sex

    • C. 

      Food production...population

    • D. 

      Technology...environmental impact

    • E. 

      Population...technology

  • 35. 
    Since 1960, the difference between per capita Gross National Products of the world's wealthiest countries and the world's poorest countries has
    • A. 

      Remained about the same

    • B. 

      Decreased somewhat

    • C. 

      Decreased dramatically

    • D. 

      Increased dramatically

    • E. 

      Increased slightly

  • 36. 
    In the gravity model of spatial interaction, population and distance
    • A. 

      Are inversely related

    • B. 

      Are directly related

    • C. 

      Each have multiple measures

    • D. 

      Do not affect the final solution

    • E. 

      Vary significantly

  • 37. 
    Core-periphery patterns exist within countries as well as among them. In the U.S., economic peripheries include
    • A. 

      New England and the Great Basin

    • B. 

      Southern Appalachia and the lower Mississippi Valley

    • C. 

      The northern Rockies and Pacific Northwest

    • D. 

      The Desert Southwest and Great Lakes

    • E. 

      The Rust Belt

  • 38. 
    Agricultural techniques developed in the temperate latitudes are frequently inappropriate for wet tropical climates because rainforest soils tend to be
    • A. 

      Poorly drained

    • B. 

      Nutrient rich

    • C. 

      Nutrient poor

    • D. 

      Salinized

    • E. 

      Sandy

  • 39. 
    All choropleth maps use
    • A. 

      Shading and coloring

    • B. 

      Isolines

    • C. 

      Dots

    • D. 

      Graphs and charts

    • E. 

      The Mercator projection

  • 40. 
    Hearths of early Eurasian agriculture were generally located
    • A. 

      In Mediterranean climates

    • B. 

      On the moist, windward side of mountain ranges

    • C. 

      In fertile river valleys

    • D. 

      Along the coast

    • E. 

      At high latitudes and altitudes

  • 41. 
    The aggregate measure of economic development that accounts for the depreciation of capital and natural resources is called the
    • A. 

      Gross National Product

    • B. 

      Gross Domestic Product

    • C. 

      Net National Product

    • D. 

      Human Development Index

    • E. 

      Gender Empowerment Index

  • 42. 
    The Kurds are an example of an ethnic group that
    • A. 

      Has a stable and prosperous nation

    • B. 

      Has recognized an antecedent boundary between Iraq and Jordan

    • C. 

      Has historical homelands spanning many national borders

    • D. 

      Does not want to live in an independent country

    • E. 

      Has disappeared due to cultural extinction

  • 43. 
    Which of the following is an example of an edge city?
    • A. 

      Anchorage, Alaska

    • B. 

      Seattle, Washington

    • C. 

      Boston, Massachusetts

    • D. 

      Tyson's Corner, Virginia

    • E. 

      Las Vegas, Nevada

  • 44. 
    Hearth regions of early agriculture included present day
    • A. 

      China, India, Turkey, and Mexico

    • B. 

      China, India, Sudan, and Malaysia

    • C. 

      India, Ethiopia, Greece, and Morocco

    • D. 

      Anatolia, Peru, Borneo, and Hanalee

    • E. 

      California, Illinois, New Brunswick, and Ireland

  • 45. 
    Von Thunen's model of rural land use is based on which of the following premises?
    • A. 

      Land values decrease farther from the urban center

    • B. 

      Land values increase farther from the urban center

    • C. 

      Perishable goods are least valuable

    • D. 

      Railroads provide fixed transportation costs

    • E. 

      Vegetarianism is socially beneficial

  • 46. 
    Washington D.C.'s Lincoln Memorial and Mall, with their dramatic neoclassical architechture and symbolic references to democracy and populism, are associated with
    • A. 

      Modernism

    • B. 

      Revisionism

    • C. 

      Pluralism

    • D. 

      Postmodernism

    • E. 

      The City Beautiful movement

  • 47. 
    The theory that explains the regional organization of urban areas, based on their functions and the goods and services they offer is called
    • A. 

      Metropolitan area theory

    • B. 

      Sector theory

    • C. 

      Central place theory

    • D. 

      Urban matrix theory

    • E. 

      The rank-size rule

  • 48. 
    The city of San Francisci is known for which of the following?
    • A. 

      Beaux arts architecture

    • B. 

      Early 20th centruy modernism

    • C. 

      19th century Victorian architecture

    • D. 

      Its balmy climate

    • E. 

      Postmodern architecture

  • 49. 
    The geographic differentiation between the colonizing countries of Europe, North America, and eastern Asia and the colonized states of Africa and South America has been called
    • A. 

      The north/south divide

    • B. 

      The iron curtain

    • C. 

      The east/west divide

    • D. 

      The thin red line

    • E. 

      The western front

  • 50. 
    Which city's dense urban core became the "birthplace of the skyscraper"?
    • A. 

      New York

    • B. 

      Tokyo

    • C. 

      Sao Paulo

    • D. 

      Paris

    • E. 

      Chicago

  • 51. 
    The greatest concentration of linguistic diversity on Earth is in
    • A. 

      Amazonia

    • B. 

      The Congo

    • C. 

      Madagascar

    • D. 

      New Guniea

    • E. 

      Mexico

  • 52. 
    • A. 

      Western Europe

    • B. 

      Russia

    • C. 

      South America

    • D. 

      Asia

    • E. 

      Africa

  • 53. 
    ____ is strategically located on the border between two continents, and at the intersection of many cultures and religions.
    • A. 

      Istanbul, Turkey

    • B. 

      Lagos, Nigeria

    • C. 

      Mexico City, Mexico

    • D. 

      Karachi, Pakistan

    • E. 

      Berlin, Germany

  • 54. 
    Cartographic scale refers to
    • A. 

      The size of an object in the real world

    • B. 

      The number of different objects depicted on a map

    • C. 

      The projection

    • D. 

      The relation between a distance on a map and distance on the ground

    • E. 

      Angular distance from the equator

  • 55. 
    Which of the following factors is most responsible for the dramatic demographic collapse of Native Americans during the colonial period?
    • A. 

      The Slave trade

    • B. 

      Eurasian diseases

    • C. 

      The hacienda system

    • D. 

      Language extinction

    • E. 

      Civil war

  • 56. 
    Primate cities are those that
    • A. 

      Are the seats of ecclesiastical power in a nation

    • B. 

      Are the national capitals

    • C. 

      Are disproportionally larger than any other cities in a nation

    • D. 

      Were the first to be established in a new colony

    • E. 

      Are inhabited by monkeys and apes

  • 57. 
    The term ___describes a group of people with a common ethnic identity that is spread out over a large geographic area.
    • A. 

      Caste

    • B. 

      Sect

    • C. 

      Diaspora

    • D. 

      Race

    • E. 

      Cultural complex

  • 58. 
    The National Geographic Society uses the Robinson projection for many of its maps because
    • A. 

      It is the only perfectly proportioned map

    • B. 

      It fits on the pages

    • C. 

      It is versatile and aesthetically pleasing

    • D. 

      It orients the U.S. in the center of the world

    • E. 

      It sells at the newsstands

  • 59. 
    • A. 

      Presbyterianism

    • B. 

      Methodism

    • C. 

      Catholicism

    • D. 

      Southern Baptist

    • E. 

      Lutheran

  • 60. 
    During the 19802 and 1990s, Santa Monica, California, became significantly wealthier and more expensive. This process is referred to as
    • A. 

      Escalation

    • B. 

      Gentrification

    • C. 

      Urban zonation

    • D. 

      Reallotment

    • E. 

      Reification

  • 61. 
    • A. 

      The mid-Atlantic

    • B. 

      The Great Plains

    • C. 

      South Florida

    • D. 

      The Great Lakes

    • E. 

      The rust belt

  • 62. 
    Which of the following qualifies as a primate city?
    • A. 

      Toronto, Canada

    • B. 

      Cape Town, South Africa

    • C. 

      Jerusalem, Israel

    • D. 

      Mexico City, Mexico

    • E. 

      Phoenix, Arizona

  • 63. 
    Geographic information systems use _____ to display multiple spatial data sets.
    • A. 

      Thematic layers

    • B. 

      Cartograms

    • C. 

      Remotely sensed images

    • D. 

      Dot maps

    • E. 

      Isolines

  • 64. 
    Break-of-bulk points are
    • A. 

      Places where natural hazards prohibit spatial interaction

    • B. 

      Uniform throughout space and time

    • C. 

      Hindrances to global economic development

    • D. 

      Sites where goods are transferred for continued shipping

    • E. 

      Cities that offer the largest markets for any given good or service

  • 65. 
    The process by which one ethnic group becomes integrated into a larger culture is called
    • A. 

      Articulation

    • B. 

      Ossification

    • C. 

      Assimilation

    • D. 

      Syncretism

    • E. 

      A melting pot

  • 66. 
    The _______ will increase over the next decade, as baby boomers reach old age and are no longer able to work and provide for themselves.
    • A. 

      Poverty line

    • B. 

      Population pyramid

    • C. 

      Arithmetic density

    • D. 

      Dependency ratio

    • E. 

      Doubling time

  • 67. 
    When the crude birth rate is higher than the crude death rate, the difference between the two is called the
    • A. 

      Total fertility rate

    • B. 

      Replacement rate

    • C. 

      Natural increase

    • D. 

      Natural decrease

    • E. 

      Life expectancy

  • 68. 
    In Rostow's stages of development model, economic maturity is characterized by
    • A. 

      Sustainability

    • B. 

      High mass consumption

    • C. 

      Gender empowerment

    • D. 

      High per capita incomes

    • E. 

      Gross national happiness

  • 69. 
    According to public opinion polld, more than 80% of American consider themselves "environmentalists." Which of the following could you logically conclude from this information?
    • A. 

      The American environment is on the verge of collapse

    • B. 

      Americans are poorly informed on scientific issues

    • C. 

      Americans are becoming increasingly liberal in their political views

    • D. 

      Most Americans consider environmental issues to be important

    • E. 

      On Average, American are more politically liberal than Europeans

  • 70. 
    Religious fundamentalism
    • A. 

      Appears to be on the rise in many parts of the world

    • B. 

      Is limited to the Middle East

    • C. 

      Is limited to the Deep South

    • D. 

      Is decreasing globally

    • E. 

      Is a serious political issue in Western Europe

  • 71. 
    Which of the following is NOT correct regarding the great metropolises of the developing world?
    • A. 

      They contain both great wealth and tremendous poverty

    • B. 

      Many retain architectual elements of their colonial past

    • C. 

      Most have squatter settlements on their outskirts

    • D. 

      Because their economies are less developed, they rarely suffer from significant pollution

    • E. 

      They house an increasing proportion of the world's population