AP Euro: ChAPter 22

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  • 1. 
    In which of the following ways did Britain dominate Europe?
    • A. 

      They had natural resources and a growing food supply.

    • B. 

      They had a mobile social structure and an advanced textile industry.

    • C. 

      They had a strong foreign and domestic demand, and the French Atlantic trade and French domestic life was destroyed, leaving the English with less competition.

    • D. 

      All of the above.


  • 2. 
    Western Europe experienced a shift in population from rural settlements to settlements in the

  • 3. 
    Which part of Europe remained rural during the mid-1800s?

  • 4. 
    The 1830's and 1840's is known as the great age for

  • 5. 
    The railroad industry caused a greater demand for

  • 6. 
    What new modes of transportation allowed for cheaper and more rapid passage of materials and products and easier migration of people?

  • 7. 
    The varied labor force in the early 19th century was known as

  • 8. 
    The process of proletarianization emerged from
    • A. 

      Expanses in science and technology

    • B. 

      Industrialism, especially the factory system

    • C. 

      Both A and B

    • D. 

      None of the abolve


  • 9. 
    Factory workers were primarily described as
    • A. 

      Under the mercy of the factory owner

    • B. 

      Prospering under the new conditions

    • C. 

      Contributing to the factory for a wage

    • D. 

      Submissive to factory discipline

    • E. 

      A, B, and D


  • 10. 
    These people were not harmed by the factories, prospered, were threatened by the organization of production, and affected by confection.

  • 11. 
    These people became the most radical political element in the European working class.

  • 12. 
    Chartism was
    • A. 

      A political program that sought reforms that would favor the interests of skilled British workers

    • B. 

      The first large scale working class political movement

    • C. 

      Demanded universal male suffrage, annual elections for the House of Commons, the secret ballot, equal electoral districts, etc

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 13. 
    Industrialization did not destroy the working class family, it just ______________ it.

  • 14. 
    The family was now a unit of just ____________________.

  • 15. 
    The family was ____________ closely bound together because of industrialization.

  • 16. 
    Married women
    • A. 

      Were employed in factories

    • B. 

      Considered marriage less of an economic hardship

    • C. 

      Were associated with domestic duties

    • D. 

      Experienced fewer family ties

    • E. 

      Both B and C


  • 17. 
    These women were known to lead precarious lifestyles, experience more fleeting relationships, have more illegitimate births, and were usually employed in factories.

  • 18. 
    These societies experienced the presence of paid, professionally trained groups of law enforcement officers who kept order, protected property and lives, investigated criminal activity, and apprehended officers.

  • 19. 
    The fear of _____________ ______________ led to better systems of police and prison reform, and reflected a need to impose order on a growing and migrating population.

  • 20. 
    English police were known as

  • 21. 
    The new goal during prison reform was

  • 22. 
    The new prisons were modeled after prisons in

  • 23. 
    Classical economics were part of classical __________________.

  • 24. 
    Classical economics
    • A. 

      Had the key idea of laissez-faire

    • B. 

      Advocated primarily by Adam Smith

    • C. 

      Favored economic growth through competitive free enterprise

    • D. 

      Believed all economic life except for the sound currency, enforcement of contracts, protection of property, and low tariffs and taxes should be left to private initiative

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 25. 
    This Classical Economist wrote "Essay on the Principle of Population", proposed that the human population grows geometrically, believed that the population will eventually surpass the food supply, and believed the only way to prevent this inevitable population growth/food shortage was to limit the number of births.

  • 26. 
    David Ricardo wrote "Principles of Political Economy" and believed in the _________ ________ ___ ________

  • 27. 
    The Iron Law of Wages proposed that
    • A. 

      When wages were high, more children were born to enter the labor market

    • B. 

      The more workers there were, the lower the wages were.

    • C. 

      Once wages were lowered, working people would have fewer children

    • D. 

      With fewer children, wages would rise again

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 28. 
    Classical Economics had less influence in _______________, where there was a tradition of state-directed economic development.

  • 29. 
    Classical economics was more accepted in Great Britain, which was the home of major classical economists such as ___________ _______________

  • 30. 
    "The greatest happiness for the greatest number" - the government could assure happiness by allowing people the maximum amount of individual freedoms, and the government could intervene to balance things out if people were still not happy.

  • 31. 
    The Early socialists were called

  • 32. 
    Utopian socialists
    • A. 

      Sought to replace the existing capitalist structure and values with visionary solutions or ideal communities

    • B. 

      Believed the social ownership of property would serve the interests of the working class

    • C. 

      Belived people should work together to promote their mutual well-being

    • D. 

      Both A and C

    • E. 

      All of the above.


  • 33. 
    This person, a socialist, believed the focus of government should be on economic issues.
    • A. 

      Saint Simon

    • B. 

      Robert Owen

    • C. 

      Charles Fourier

    • D. 

      Karl Marx


  • 34. 
    He believed that if people were placed in the correct surroundings, they could be improved.

  • 35. 
    The belief that economic conditions provided the foundation of the social order and that people were not free under capitalism was known as
    • A. 

      Socialism

    • B. 

      Marxism

    • C. 

      Communism

    • D. 

      Anarchism


  • 36. 
    In the concept of Marxism, it was believed that the existence of social classes would
    • A. 

      Lead to a class struggle

    • B. 

      Improve the economy overall

    • C. 

      Produce a social change

    • D. 

      Both A and C


  • 37. 
    According the Marxism, a specific class could rule only so long as it
    • A. 

      Kept the ideas of socialism within the government

    • B. 

      Best represented the economically productive forces of society

    • C. 

      Maintained a classless society

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 38. 
    When a specific ruling class became outmoded it would be
    • A. 

      Reformed

    • B. 

      Destroyed

    • C. 

      Replaced

    • D. 

      Both B and C


  • 39. 
    Only these two countries escaped without major difficulty.
    • A. 

      Russia and Prussia

    • B. 

      Great Britain and Italy

    • C. 

      Great Britain and Russia

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 40. 
    When the revolutions of 1848 were all said and done, more ____________ governments were once again in control.

  • 41. 
    Name one cause of the revolutions of 1848.

  • 42. 
    Population doubled in the 18th century, causing ________ ________ problems.

  • 43. 
    Pre-1848 tensions caused by industrialism were influenced by
    • A. 

      Economic challenges

    • B. 

      Rapid urbanization

    • C. 

      Challenges to the artisan class

    • D. 

      A and C

    • E. 

      A, B, and C


  • 44. 
    Repressive measures that caused pre-1848 tensions were
    • A. 

      Carlsbad Decrees

    • B. 

      Six Acts

    • C. 

      Secret police

    • D. 

      Factory Act of 1833

    • E. 

      Everything but the Factory Act of 1833


  • 45. 
    Name one ideological challenge that contributed to pre-1848 tensions.

  • 46. 
    What was the name of the revolution in France which ended with King Louis Philippe abdicating his throne?

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