Nursing Acid-base Balance

17 Questions  I  By Gctran
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  • 1. 
    What is the normal range of carbon dioxide (CO2) in arterial blood?
    • A. 

      35-45

    • B. 

      22-26

    • C. 

      7.35-7.45

    • D. 

      Not listed


  • 2. 
    What is the normal range of bicarbonate ion (HCO3-) in arterial blood?
    • A. 

      35-45

    • B. 

      22-26

    • C. 

      7.35-7.45

    • D. 

      Not listed


  • 3. 
    What is the normal range of pH in the body?
    • A. 

      35-45

    • B. 

      22-26

    • C. 

      7.35-7.45

    • D. 

      Not listed


  • 4. 
    If HCO3- caused the acidosis or the alkalosis, it is what?
    • A. 

      Metabolic

    • B. 

      Respiratory

    • C. 

      Combined

    • D. 

      None


  • 5. 
    If the CO2 and the HCO3- caused the imbalance, it is what?
    • A. 

      Metabolic

    • B. 

      Respiratory

    • C. 

      Combined

    • D. 

      None


  • 6. 
    If the CO2 caused the acidosis or alkalosis, it is what?
    • A. 

      Metabolic

    • B. 

      Respiratory

    • C. 

      Combined

    • D. 

      None


  • 7. 
    When there is an abnormal pH and change in one blood parameter. It is
    • A. 

      Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Fully compensated

    • D. 

      Corrected


  • 8. 
    When all 3 values--- pH, HCO3-, CO2 are abnormal. It is
    • A. 

      Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Fully compensated

    • D. 

      Corrected


  • 9. 
    When pH is normal, both HCO3 and CO2 are abnormal. It is
    • A. 

      Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Fully compensated

    • D. 

      Corrected


  • 10. 
    When all parameters of pH, HCO3-, and CO2 are normal. It is
    • A. 

      Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Fully compensated

    • D. 

      Corrected


  • 11. 
    PH 7.31, CO2 50mmHg, HCO3- 22mEq/L
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis, Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Respiratory alkalosis, Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Metabolic acidosis, Fully compensated

    • D. 

      Metabolic alkalosis, Uncompensated


  • 12. 
    PH 7.46, CO2 32mmHg, HCO3- 23mEq/L
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis, Partially compensated

    • B. 

      Combined, Uncompensated

    • C. 

      Metabolic alkalosis, Uncompensatedd

    • D. 

      Respiratory alkalosis, Uncompensated


  • 13. 
    PH 7.30, CO2 46 mmHg, HCO3 16 mEq/L
    • A. 

      Respiratory alkalosis, Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Combined, Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Respiratory acidosis, Partially compensated

    • D. 

      Metabolic acidosis, Partially compensated


  • 14. 
    PH 7.31, CO2 44 mmHg, HCO3 20 mEq/L
    • A. 

      Metabolic alkalosis, Fully compensated

    • B. 

      Metabolic acidosis, Uncompensated

    • C. 

      Respiratory alkalosis, partially compensated

    • D. 

      Respiratory acidosis, Uncompensated


  • 15. 
    PH 7.47, CO2 48 mmHg, HCO3 30 mEq/L
    • A. 

      Metabolic alkalosis, partially compensated

    • B. 

      Respiratory acidosis, uncompensated

    • C. 

      Metabolic acidosis, fully compensated

    • D. 

      Respiratory alkalosis, partially compensated


  • 16. 
    PH 7.30, CO2 46 mmHg, HCO3 16 mEq/L
    • A. 

      Metabolic alkalosis, partially compensated

    • B. 

      Respiratory acidosis, uncompensated

    • C. 

      Combined, partially compensated

    • D. 

      Metabolic acidosis, uncompensated


  • 17. 
    Ben has anxiety attack. His ABGs results show he is in respiratory alkalosis. He has just had a car accident. What is your next nursing intervention?
    • A. 

      Have him breathe into paper bag

    • B. 

      Give him O2

    • C. 

      Check his temperature

    • D. 

      Ask him if he is alright


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