Unit 5: States Of Consciousness

21 Questions  I  By Shanvan717
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  • 1. 
    ______ is an example of a conscious process.
    • A. 

      Breathing

    • B. 

      Choosing the best answer for this question

    • C. 

      Regulating blood pressure

    • D. 

      Scratching an itch

    • E. 

      Blinking every few seconds


  • 2. 
    Which of the following would be considered a non-conscious process?
    • A. 

      Discussing your most recent dreams

    • B. 

      Telling your mother you love her

    • C. 

      Digesting the burger you ate for lunch

    • D. 

      Painting a picture

    • E. 

      All of the above are non-conscious processes


  • 3. 
    Freud believed that the vast majority of our motivation arose from our
    • A. 

      Altered state of consciousness

    • B. 

      Preconscious

    • C. 

      Conscious

    • D. 

      Unconscious

    • E. 

      Nonconscious


  • 4. 
    According to Freud, which of the following is likely to be found in one's unconscious?
    • A. 

      Threatening impulses

    • B. 

      Memories of a person's internment at a POW camp

    • C. 

      Negative memories from childhood

    • D. 

      Sexual urges

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 5. 
    An individual's desire to take a "siesta" in the afternoon is driven by
    • A. 

      What they ate for lunch

    • B. 

      Circadian rhythms

    • C. 

      Stage 1 sleep

    • D. 

      Sleep spindles

    • E. 

      Sleep deprivation


  • 6. 
    Jet lag is primarily the result of
    • A. 

      Anxiety-producing unconscious processes

    • B. 

      Upset circadian rhythms

    • C. 

      Hangover from drinking before flying

    • D. 

      Sensory isolation from being in an enclosed space

    • E. 

      Flying north to south


  • 7. 
    All of the following are characteristic of REM sleep EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Rapid eye movement

    • B. 

      Vivid cognitions

    • C. 

      Movement of voluntary muscles

    • D. 

      Deep sleep

    • E. 

      Sleep paralysis


  • 8. 
    The deepest point in the sleep cycle, when brain wave activity is the slowest, occurs in
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 3

    • C. 

      Stage 4

    • D. 

      REM sleep, about one hour after falling asleep

    • E. 

      REM sleep, about one hour before waking up


  • 9. 
    A characteristic of sleep as we grow closer to the morning is
    • A. 

      It gets gradually deeper

    • B. 

      We spend more time in REM sleep

    • C. 

      We spend more time in stage 3 and 4 sleep

    • D. 

      Our brain waves become slower and deeper

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 10. 
    Deprivation of REM sleep for a few nights results in ____ during the next night's sleep.
    • A. 

      REM rebound

    • B. 

      Reduced problem solving

    • C. 

      Reduced REM sleep

    • D. 

      Reduced coordination

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 11. 
    Which of the following is an explanation of why we sleep?
    • A. 

      To conserve energy

    • B. 

      Promotes memory

    • C. 

      Clears the brain of useless information

    • D. 

      Helps us to avoid nocturnal predators

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 12. 
    Who sleeps the least?
    • A. 

      Newborns

    • B. 

      Adolescents

    • C. 

      Young adults

    • D. 

      The elderly

    • E. 

      Children


  • 13. 
    According to Freud,  the two main functions of dreams are to
    • A. 

      Release electrical charges and aid in the growth of the brain

    • B. 

      Conserve energy and restore neuron function

    • C. 

      Help people rest and relax

    • D. 

      Reduce psychic tensions and work through unconscious desires

    • E. 

      Facilitate memory and clean out old memories


  • 14. 
    According to Freud, the latent content of a dream refers to
    • A. 

      The setting

    • B. 

      The storyline

    • C. 

      The color of the dream

    • D. 

      The emotional tone

    • E. 

      The symbolic meaning


  • 15. 
    According to Freud, the manifest content of a dream refers to
    • A. 

      The setting

    • B. 

      The storyline

    • C. 

      The color of the dream

    • D. 

      The emotional tone

    • E. 

      The symbolic meaning


  • 16. 
    ______ is the view that the mind makes a coherent story out of the spontaneous electrical charges in your brain.
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic perspective

    • B. 

      Activation-synthesis dream model

    • C. 

      Humanistic model

    • D. 

      Behaviorist approach

    • E. 

      Homestatic approach


  • 17. 
    Which of the following is NOT a symptom of insomnia?
    • A. 

      Frequent arousals

    • B. 

      Insufficient sleep

    • C. 

      Early awakenings

    • D. 

      Abormal breathing patterns

    • E. 

      Inability to fall asleep quickly


  • 18. 
    Which of the following would hypnosis be helpful in treating?
    • A. 

      Relieving childbirth pains

    • B. 

      Temporary anxiety relief

    • C. 

      Treating phobias

    • D. 

      Eliminating negative behaviors such as smoking

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 19. 
    Addiction refers to
    • A. 

      Increased drug effect with repeated use

    • B. 

      Loss of withdrawal symptoms when drug use is stopped

    • C. 

      Maintained drug effects with repeated use

    • D. 

      Repeated drug use despite adverse consequences

    • E. 

      Augmented drug reward


  • 20. 
    ____ drugs inhibit the central nervous system and thus slow mental and physical activity.
    • A. 

      Depressant

    • B. 

      Stimulant

    • C. 

      Analgesic

    • D. 

      Hallucinogenic

    • E. 

      Amphetamine-like


  • 21. 
    Crack cocaine is a psychoactive drug of the ____ class.
    • A. 

      Opiate

    • B. 

      Hallucinogen

    • C. 

      Stimulant

    • D. 

      Cannabis

    • E. 

      Depressant


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