A businessmen has a huge deposits in a local bank. Due to some unforeseen situations he needs to withdraw immediately a huge amount. The bank does not have the cash balance and asks him to come after 3 days. The news spreads and many depositors rush to the bank to withdraw their deposits. Liquidity kind of problem is faced by the bank which has led to a situation called ___________________________________ in banking jargon.
When a secured loan goes bad the FI does not lose totally as it can _____________________.
When lenders to financial institution want to make huge withdrawals,the FI faces Liquidity problems. Sometimes, due to rumors or market gossip this problems turn into a ___________________________ problem.
A businessmen has kept Rs. 5Lakhs fixed Deposit with a bank. He urgently needs money and wants to break the deposits, though he may lose some interests. The bank has Rs. 50K cash balance. It has invested Rs.4,50,000 in a short term loan to a company XYZ Ltd which is paying them a very high interest. However, XYZ Ltd cannot repay the amount and asks for extension.The type of Risk involved are Liquidity Risk and Credit Risk. Liquidity problem leads to _____________________________.
When a bank goes to liquidate its high interest paying asset and it cannot do so and faces credit risk then it can be said that the bank has not handled prudently the tradeoff between ________________ and Risk.
_______________________ of the investment portfolio can reduce the overall credit risk.
The advantage that FIs have over individual investors in their ability to diversify credit risk exposure is due to the law of ____________________.
Diversification of portfolio reduces firm specific credit risk but there is still exposure to ___________________ credit risk
When FIs buy primary securities or assets and issue secondary securities or liabilities to fund the assets, the activity is called_______________________________.
Borrowing short and lending long exposes a FI to __________________ Risk
Borrowing long and lending short exposes a FI to ______________________ risk.
Banks have assets of housing loans. When interest rates fall borrowers rush to close these loans as they prefer to be refinanced at the lower interest rates. This interest related risk is called _____________________ Risk
An FIs trading portfolio can be differentiated from its investment portfolio on the bases of