Theories Of Personality Quiz 1

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  • 1. 
    Evidence for postulating the concept of the unconscious includes:
    • A. 

      Dreams

    • B. 

      Post-hypnotic suggestions

    • C. 

      Free-association

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      Direct observation based on experimental research


  • 2. 
    A person who unconsciously exhibits overly nice behavior to conceal hostile feelings is probably using which ego defense?
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Reaction formation

    • C. 

      Introjection

    • D. 

      Projection

    • E. 

      Regression


  • 3. 
    One of the most important Freudian concepts, which consists of pushing unacceptable reality or painful material into the unconcious, is:
    • A. 

      Repression

    • B. 

      Regression

    • C. 

      Displacement

    • D. 

      Rationalization

    • E. 

      Projection


  • 4. 
    A person who exhibits behavior that clearly shows signs of reverting to less mature stages is likely to be using which ego defense?
    • A. 

      Fixation

    • B. 

      Rationalization

    • C. 

      Regression

    • D. 

      Introjection

    • E. 

      Reaction formation


  • 5. 
    Attributing to others the qualities or traits that are unacceptable to our own ego is best described as:
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Introjection

    • C. 

      Reaction formation

    • D. 

      Projection

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 6. 
    Resolution of sexual conflicts and sex-role identity is a critical function of the:
    • A. 

      Oral stage

    • B. 

      Anal stage

    • C. 

      Phallic stage

    • D. 

      Genital stage


  • 7. 
    Feelings of hostility, destructiveness, anger, rage, adn hatred seem most allied with the:
    • A. 

      Oral stage

    • B. 

      Anal stage

    • C. 

      Phallic stage

    • D. 

      Genital stage


  • 8. 
    The basic aim of psychoanalytic therapy is:
    • A. 

      To treat specific learning disorders

    • B. 

      To change overt behavior

    • C. 

      To correct irrational thinking

    • D. 

      To make the unconscious material conscious

    • E. 

      Both (a) and (d)


  • 9. 
    A major characteristic of the psychoanalytic therapist is:
    • A. 

      Openness and self-disclosure

    • B. 

      A deeply personal and sharing relationship

    • C. 

      A sense of being anonymous

    • D. 

      A focus on specific behavior and an objective appraisal of learned patterns of behavior

    • E. 

      Both (a) and (b)


  • 10. 
    The "fundamental role" for the client in psychoanalysis is:
    • A. 

      A necessity to form a contract

    • B. 

      Willingness to do "homework assignments"

    • C. 

      Participating in free association

    • D. 

      Writing down dreams

    • E. 

      Both (a) and (b)


  • 11. 
    Transference is viewed as:
    • A. 

      The core of the psychoanalytic process

    • B. 

      A means to uncover earlier unfinished business from past relationships

    • C. 

      A sign that therapy is not progressing well

    • D. 

      Both (a) and (b)


  • 12. 
    The technique whereby the analyst explains the meaning of certain behavior is known as:
    • A. 

      Transference

    • B. 

      Rationalization

    • C. 

      Countertransference

    • D. 

      Interpretation

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 13. 
    The concept of resistance can best be described as:
    • A. 

      Everything that prevents a client from producing unconscious material

    • B. 

      That which needs to be analyzed and interpreted

    • C. 

      An inevitable part of psychoanalytic therapy

    • D. 

      An unwillingness to freely share with the analyst certain thoughts and feelings

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 14. 
    A person who attempts to deal with anxiety by closing his or her eyes, or by distorting reality is more likely using:
    • A. 

      Introjection

    • B. 

      Sublimation

    • C. 

      Denial

    • D. 

      Compensation

    • E. 

      Undoing


  • 15. 
    Directing energy toward another object or person (when anxiety is reduced by focusing on a "safer target") is known as:
    • A. 

      Sublimation

    • B. 

      Repression

    • C. 

      Introjection

    • D. 

      Displacement

    • E. 

      Compensation


  • 16. 
    Manufacturing "good" reasons to explain away a bruised ego, or to explain away failures or losses, is known as:
    • A. 

      Rationalization

    • B. 

      Projection

    • C. 

      Displacement

    • D. 

      Introjection

    • E. 

      Reaction formation


  • 17. 
    The abused child, who assumes the abusing parents way of handeling stress and thus continues the cycle of child beating, is an example of:
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Reaction formation

    • C. 

      Sublimation

    • D. 

      Introjection


  • 18. 
    The ego defense mechanism that consists of masking perceived weaknesses or developing certain positive traits to make up for limitations is known as:
    • A. 

      Sublimation

    • B. 

      Compensation

    • C. 

      Introjection

    • D. 

      Reaction formation

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 19. 
    The process of redirecting sexual energy into creative behaviors or some form of socially acceptable behavior is known as:
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Denial

    • C. 

      Compensation

    • D. 

      Sublimation

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 20. 
    The Electra Complex and the Oedipus Complex are associated with what psychosexual stage of development?
    • A. 

      Anal stage

    • B. 

      Genital stage

    • C. 

      Oral stage

    • D. 

      Phallic stage

    • E. 

      Latency stage


  • 21. 
    A narcissistic orientation is characteristic of what stage of development?
    • A. 

      Anal

    • B. 

      Oral

    • C. 

      Latency

    • D. 

      Genital

    • E. 

      Phallic


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