Sociology Final

80 Questions  I  By Tchatman on April 26, 2010
Multiple choice answers only.

  
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1.  Which of the following is the oldest of religion disucssed in the text?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The recognized and intended consequences of a social pattern are referred to as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  What is the term for group leadership that emphasizes the completion of tasks?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  .....................are rules about everyday, casual living;.....................are rules with great moral significance.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Sociologist use what concept to refer to behavior people expect of someone who holds a particular status?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  How did Weber describe traditional societies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  In the United States, the Amish would be an example of a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Carol Gilligan extended Kohlberg's research, showing that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  A caste system is defined as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Cultural patterns that are widespread among society's population are referred to as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  What is the term for the process by which people disengage from important social roles?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Walter Reckless and Simon Dinitz claimed that ''good boys'' have the ability to rein in deviant impluses. They called their analysis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  What is the correct sociological term for all people with a common status, such as "college students"
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Cloward and Ohlin extended the Merton's theory of deviance, stating that crime;
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following concepts refers to people who interact in a defined territory and share culture?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Social structures sometimes have negative consequences for the operation of society as a whole. What is the term for these negative consequences?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The concept ''primary labor market'' refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  The driving force of social change, according to Marx, is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  If your a prisoner, a maximum -security prison would be which of the following types of organization from your point of view?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which of the following statements is a good example of cultural lag?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  According to Mead, children learn to take the role of the other as they model themseleves on important people in their lives =, such as parents. Mead referred to these people as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  According to Davis-Moore thesis;
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Read the four statement below. which one of these statements about stratification is NOT true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Which of the following DO NOT descirbe the operation of a socialist economy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  What concept did Erving Goffman use to refer to a powerful and negative label that greatly changes a person's self-concept and social identity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Using Robert Merton's strain theory, how would you classify a low-paid, yet compulsively conforming bank teller who never seems to want to get ahead but nevers seems to do anything wrong?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Confucianism is closely linked to the traditional culture of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Read the four descriptions below. Which of them DOES NOT apply to a profession?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which of the following most closely conveys the point of the Sapir-Whorf thesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Animism is the belief that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which of the following refers to a religious organization that is largely outside a society's cultural traditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  A college professor with advanced degrees, moderate salary, and little power to shape national events can be described as having:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Polytheism refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Jean piaget's focus was on:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  What concepts refers to a person's fairly consistent pattern of acting, thinking, and feeling?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The intangible world of ideas created by members of a society is referred to as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Solomon Asch's research, in which subjects were asked to match lines, showed:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which concept refers to a status that has special importance for social identity, often shaping a person's entire life?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  What type of leaders downplay their own power, letting the group function more or less on its own?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  At lowest level of social stratification in ancient Japan were the: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The historical replacement of caste systems with class systems:
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Three of the following statements below are apart of the definition of a cause-and-effect relationship. One is not. Which one is not? ASK JOE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Which discipline defines itself as ''the systematic study of human society''?
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B.
C.
D.
45.  In the process of measurement, reliability refers to:
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B.
C.
D.
46.  In capitalist economic system, ''justice'' amounts to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Contrated to socialist economic systems, capitalist economic systems are typically:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Which of the following typically forms as a breakaway group from some established religious organization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Two variables are said to display correlation if:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The concept ''oligopoly'' refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Which if the following concepts refers to a politicak and economic system that combines a mostly market-based economy with extensive social welfare programs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  If you were to put together the lesson learned from the cases of Anna, Isabelle, and Genie, you would correctly conclude that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Globalization of the economy means that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  In her research, Elisabeth Kubler-Ross found that death:
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following is involved when a surgeon chooses not to operate on her own son because the personal involvement of motherhood could impair her professional objectivity as a physician?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Which of the following nations stands out as the most religious of all high-income countries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Looking over the long course of history, Durkheim claimed that societiees change as...............gives away to...............
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  What concept refers to a social position that is recieved at birth or involuntarily assumed later in life?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Concerning the issue of personal freedom, capitalist systems emphasize people's ................., while socialists systems emphasize people's.................
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Edwin Lemert described ''primary deviance'' as; 
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Standards by which people share culture define what is desirable, good, and beautiful are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  A theory states that increasing a person's formal education results in increased earnings over a lifetime. In this theory, ''higher education'' is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Low-income countries have cultures that vale ehich of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  If you were born into a traditional caste system, you would expect that, based on birth, you would be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Which of the following concepts refers to ''the recognized violation of cultural norms''
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Sociologists define a symbol as;
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Cultural transmission refers to the process of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The Thomas theorem states that:
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B.
C.
D.
69.  Science can be defined as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  The Roman Empire at its peak power was what type of society?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Which of the following would you expect to be the least stable type of religious organization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  A temporary, loosely formed collection of people who may or may not interact is a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  The concept ''Karma'' refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  A statement of how and why specific facts are related is called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Imagine that you were going to measure the age of a number of respondents taking part in a survey. As you record the data, you are using the concept ''age'' as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  The term ''sociology'' was coined in 1838 by?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Which of the following is every society's most important primary group?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Gerhard Lenski claimed that which of the following has the greatest power to shape a society?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Read the four statements below. Which of the following is NOT  a trait of religious fundamentalism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  At a given time you occupy a number of statuses. These statuses make up your:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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